Wilma Lipp

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Wilma Lipp (born April 26, 1925 in Vienna ; † January 26, 2019 in Inning am Ammersee ) was an Austrian opera singer ( soprano ).

In the role of the Italian singer ( Capriccio , Salzburg 1950)


Family and education

Wilma Lipp, born in the Döbling district , grew up as the daughter of an architect in the Hietzing district of Vienna . From the age of 11, Lipp received singing lessons, first from Friedl Sindl and Paola Novikova, then later a. a. with Toti dal Monte in Milan and with Anna Bahr-Mildenburg at the Academy for Music in Vienna. In 1943, at the age of 17, she made her debut in Vienna as Rosina in The Barber of Seville in an open-air performance on Heldenplatz . In the same year she could also be heard as a singer in the Wiener Konzerthaus , for example with the Gilda aria Caronome from the opera Rigoletto .

Career at the Vienna State Opera

In 1945 she was hired by the Vienna State Opera as an apprentice and later as a member of the ensemble. Her first role was as Kate Pinkerton in Puccini's Madama Butterfly . At the beginning Lipp could be heard in roles such as Esmeralda ( The Bartered Bride ), Sandman and Taumännchen ( Hansel and Gretel ), Barbarina ( The Marriage of Figaro ) , Contessa Ceprano ( Rigoletto ), Italian singer ( Capriccio ) and other small roles. Adele's first foray into the “great” subject was in the operetta Die Fledermaus , a role that Wilma Lipp sang with great success for almost twenty years.

As Queen of the Night in Mozart's opera Die Zauberflöte - one of her legendary roles - she first appeared on January 13, 1948 (also as a substitute); thereafter she designed this opera figure a further 131 times for the State Opera until 1956. In this role she advanced from the second cast of Papagena to the premiere cast of the Queen, because Maria Stader canceled and the conductor of the performance, Josef Krips , gave her this chance. With this, Lipp achieved the breakthrough, first in Vienna and Salzburg, then worldwide in this game. In the following years, Lipp also worked with Josef Krips in other musical genres outside of the opera. Krips conducted numerous Wilma Lipp concerts and occasionally was also her pianist at song recitals, such as B. in the Wiener Musikverein in 1964.

In 1953, at the age of 28, she was named the youngest female chamber singer in the history of the Vienna State Opera , which caused quite a stir at the time.

After the reopening of the Vienna State Opera in 1955, when she sang Konstanze, Queen of the Night as well as Oscar and Musetta, she continuously added numerous lyrical soprano roles to her repertoire from around 1958. This brought major expansions such as Marguerite ( Faust ), Antonia ( Les Contes d'Hoffmann ) , Nedda ( Pagliacci ) and Eva ( Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg ) . In the Mozart field, she now also took on more dramatic roles such as Pamina ( Die Zauberflöte ) , Contessa Almaviva (Le nozze di Figaro) and Donna Elvira (Don Giovanni) (including at the Salzburg Festival in 1961).

In addition, she sang roles such as the daughter ( Cardillac ) , Euridice (Gluck's Orfeo ed Euridice ), Marie ( The Bartered Bride ) , Rosalinde ( Die Fledermaus ) and Alice Ford ( Falstaff ) .

When the Theater an der Wien reopened in 1962, Wilma Lipp was no longer Queen of the Night for the first time, but instead Pamina in Mozart's opera Die Zauberflöte alongside Nicolai Gedda as Tamino under the musical direction of Herbert von Karajan .

At the Vienna State Opera Wilma Lipp appeared on stage in around 1200 performances. In addition, Wilma Lipp was also very present in the concert hall and in the field of sacred music, so she sang regularly in the Musikverein in Vienna and completed concert tours a. a. through South and North America.

Guest performances

In 1948 she sang for the first time at the Salzburg Festival : Konstanze in Mozart's Die Entführung aus dem Seraglio , musical direction: Josef Krips. This was followed by appearances at the Scala di Milano (1950; as Queen of the Night and as Konstanze), at the Paris Opera , at the Bavarian State Opera , at the Deutsche Oper Berlin , at the Royal Opera House Covent Garden (1950 and 1951), with the Salzburg Festival (as Konstanze, Blondchen, Queen of the Night and Servilia), the Bayreuth Festival (1951; as Waldvogel in Siegfried ) and the Bregenz Festival (as Annina in One Night in Venice , Adele and Frau Fluth and Marie in The Bartered Bride ) and at the Edinburgh Festival (as Konstanze).

In 1950 she sang the role of Konstanze in the first complete recording of this opera in the record studio under the direction of Josef Krips with colleagues from the Vienna Mozart Ensemble . Lipp took over this role from Erna Berger at the Salzburg Festival when she fell ill. Shortly afterwards, Lipp was heard in all parts of the subject at many opera houses, which were then considered a coloratura subject and also included Violetta in Verdi's La traviata or the title role in Massenet's Manon .

In 1962, Wilma Lipp made her US debut in San Francisco with Sophie, Alice Ford ( Falstaff ) , Nedda and Micaela, and expanded the already enormous hospitality to include Brussels , Paris , Buenos Aires and Zurich , where she also sang operettas again (Lisa in The Land of Smiles , Anna Elisa in Paganini ).

Later career

In the early 1970s, Wilma Lipp began to slowly withdraw from the stage. In the last years of her work as a singer, Lipp performed in addition to her parent company, the Vienna State Opera , also at the Vienna Volksoper (as Laura, Micaela and as Countess Zedlau) at the Bregenz Festival (as Rosalinde, Laura and in Concerts), at the Zurich Opera House and the Salzburg Festival . With the role of Marianne Leitmetzerin in Der Rosenkavalier , she gave her stage farewell after almost forty years on the stage in the early 1980s in Vienna (June 5, 1981) and at the Salzburg Festival. In 1982 she was made an honorary member of the Vienna State Opera. In 1983/1984 she took on the role of Marianne Leitmetzer again at the Salzburg Festival, also in 1986 at the Teatro Regio in Turin .

Activity as a singing teacher

Lipp taught as a singing teacher at the Mozarteum in Salzburg for 18 years . Her students included Kathleen Cassello , Birgid Steinberger , Ingrid Habermann , Eva Lind and Iride Martinez . These singers were particularly successful in the "Lipp roles". In 1998 she retired and retired. She was married to the music manager and director of the Vienna State Opera Rudolf Gamsjäger .

She was buried in an honorary grave (group 40, number 204) in the Vienna Central Cemetery.

Grave of Wilma Lipp



  • Immortal Mozart - Wilma Lipp as Konstanze (excerpts from The Abduction from the Seraglio , Don Giovanni and The Marriage of Figaro )
  • The Dreimäderlhaus - Wilma Lipp can be seen at the end of the film with Schubert's Ave Maria .
  • The cardinal - Wilma Lipp plays the role of a Catholic in the Nazi era.
  • Der Rosenkavalier - Salzburg Festival 1982, musical direction and direction: Herbert von Karajan
  • Newsreel - post-war film, Wilma Lipp sings the Spring Voice Waltz on the occasion of John F. Kennedy's visit
  • Carousel 1967 - TV show several episodes, Wilma Lipp sings operetta melodies
  • The Salzburg festival - film by Tony Palmer , Wilma Lipp is interviewed about directorial theater and doesn’t hold back with her displeasure with Doris Dörrie’s “Rigoletto” at the Bavarian State Opera
  • Contemporary witnesses - Ways to the Second Republic - Documentation, ed. from the University of Salzburg a. the regional studio Salzburg of the ORF. Kremayr & Scheriau, Vienna 1987
  • 50 years reopening of the Vienna State Opera - Wilma Lipp; Elisabeth Schwarzkopf , Sena Jurinac as guests of honor at the 2005 gala

Sound carrier

piece Singer musical direction year
Fra Diavolo ( Auber ) Lipp (Zerlina), Pease, Schock, Zollenkopf Wilhelm Schüchter 1954
St. Matthew Passion ( Bach ) Berry, Lipp, Ludwig, Wunderlich Karl Bohm 1961
9th Symphony ( Beethoven ) Höngen, Lipp, Patzak , Weber Jascha Horenstein 1950
9th Symphony ( Beethoven ) Dickie, Frick, Höffgen, Lipp Carl Schuricht 1956
9th Symphony ( Beethoven ) Evil, Crass , Lipp, Wunderlich Otto Klemperer 1961
Fidelio ( Beethoven ) Lipp (Marzelline), Nilsson , Unger , Vickers Herbert von Karajan 1960
Fidelio ( Beethoven ) Dickie, Lipp (Marzelline), Løvberg Herbert von Karajan 1961
A German Requiem ( Brahms ) Lipp, guard Otto Klemperer 1958
A German Requiem ( Brahms ) Crass, Lipp Wolfgang Sawallisch 1965
L'elisir d'amore ( Donizetti ) Dermota, Lipp (Adina) Josef Krips 1953
La fille du regiment ( Donizetti ) Friedrich, Lipp (Marie), Litz Wilhelm Schüchter 1952
Martha ( Flotow ) Kmentt , Lipp (Lady Harriet), Plümacher Wilhelm Schüchter 1951
Orfeo ed Euridice ( Gluck ) Lipp (Euridice) , Ludwig , Schädle Josef Krips 1965
Fist ( gounod ) Ghiaurov, Höngen, Kmentt, Lipp (Marguerite) , Sereni Georges Prêtre 1961
Fist ( gounod ) Höngen, Kmentt, Lipp (Marguerite), Uhde, Waechter Georges Prêtre 1963
Fist ( gounod ) Domingo , Lipp (Marguerite), Sereni, Siepi Ernst Märzendorfer 1968
Mr Brouček's excursions ( Janáček ) Fehenberger, Lipp, Wunderlich Josef Keilberth 1959
The Merry Widow ( Lehár ) Grundén, Lipp (Hanna), Mottl Anton Paulik 1958
Pagliacci ( Leoncavallo ) Braun, Hopf , Lipp (Nedda), Pease Wolfgang Sawallisch 1954
Songs ( Marx ) Auger, Dermota, Lipp, Seefried Joseph Marx 1952
The beggar student ( Millöcker ) Anday, Christ, Lipp (Laura), Rethy, Waechter Anton Paulik 1951
The beggar student ( Millöcker ) Böhme, Lipp (Laura), Schädle, Terkal, Töpper Werner Schmidt-Boelcke 1956
The Abduction from the Seraglio ( Mozart ) Klein, Koreh, Lipp (Konstanze), Loose, Ludwig Josef Krips 1950
The Abduction from the Seraglio ( Mozart ) Lipp (Konstanze) , Steffek, Wunderlich Heinrich Hollreiser 1962
Don Giovanni ( Mozart ) Evans, Grümmer , Lipp (Elvira), Scovotti, Waechter Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt 1963
Great Mass in C minor ( Mozart ) Dickie, Berry, Lipp, Ludwig, Ferdinand Grossmann 1950
Idomeneo ( Mozart ) Grümmer , Kmentt , Lewis, Lipp (Ilia) Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt 1964
Le nozze di Figaro ( Mozart ) Kerns, Lipp (Contessa Almaviva), Popp , Siepi Horst Stein 1973
Requiem ( Mozart ) Dickie, Höngen , Lipp, Weber Jascha Horenstein 1956
Requiem ( Mozart ) Berry, Dermota, Lipp, Rössel-Majdan Herbert von Karajan 1963
The Magic Flute ( Mozart ) Greindl , Lipp (Queen of the Night), Ludwig , Oravez, Schmitt-Walter , Seefried Wilhelm Furtwängler 1949
The Magic Flute ( Mozart ) Dermota, Kunz, Lipp (Queen of the Night), Loose, Seefried, Weber Herbert von Karajan 1950
The Magic Flute ( Mozart ) Dermota , Greindl, Kunz , Lipp (Queen of the Night), Oravez, Seefried Wilhelm Furtwängler 1951
The Magic Flute ( Mozart ) Lipp (Queen of the Night) , Schock , Stich-Randall Josef Keilberth 1953
The Magic Flute ( Mozart ) Berry , Böhme , Güden , Lipp (Queen of the Night), Loose, Simoneau Karl Bohm 1955
The Magic Flute ( Mozart ), excerpts Frick , Kunz, Lipp (Pamina), shock Wilhelm Schüchter 1963
The Merry Wives of Windsor ( Nicolai ) Lipp (Mrs. Fluth), Rössl-Majdan, Nissen, Schädle, Terkal Wilhelm Schüchter 1953
Hoffmann's Tales ( Offenbach ) Lipp (Olympia), Mödl , Schock, Trötschel Eugene Szenkar 1953
La Bohème ( Puccini ) Eipperle , Lipp (Musetta), Poell , Terkal Clemens Krauss 1952
La Bohème ( Puccini ) Dermota, Lipp (Mimi) Josef Krips 1965
Gianni Schicchi (Puccini) Fischer-Dieskau , Lipp (Nella) Alberto Erede 1975
A waltz dream ( Straus ), excerpts Lipp (Franzi), shock Robert proud 1967
The bat ( ostrich ) Dermota, Güden, Lipp (Adele), Patzak Clemens Krauss 1950
The bat ( ostrich ) Lipp (Adele), Scheyrer, Terkal Otto Ackermann 1959
The bat ( ostrich ) Holm , Lipp (Rosalinde), shock Robert proud 1966
Viennese blood ( bouquet ) Gruber , Güden, Lipp (Pepi), shock Robert proud 1967
Capriccio ( Strauss ) Casa , Dermota, Lipp (Italian singer), Schöffler Karl Bohm 1953
The Rosenkavalier ( Strauss ) Lipp (Sophie) , Rysanek , Seefried André Cluytens 1966
The Rosenkavalier ( Strauss ) Baltsa , Lipp (head butcher) , Perry , Tomowa-Sintow Herbert von Karajan 1984
Falstaff ( Verdi ) Cunitz , Fischer, Holm , Lipp (Nanetta) Georg Solti 1954
Falstaff ( Verdi ) Fischer-Dieskau , Lipp (Alice Ford) Mario Rossi 1966
Siegfried ( Wagner ) Aldenhoff , Lipp (Waldvogel) , Varnay Herbert von Karajan 1950
The bird dealer ( Zeller ), cross section Lipp (Christl), Patzak, Zadek Anton Paulik 1955


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Wilma Lipp died. In: orf.at . January 27, 2019, accessed January 27, 2019 .
  2. ^ Mailath: Award for chamber singer Wilma Lipp. In: Rathauskorrespondenz . January 28, 2004, accessed January 27, 2019 .