Sena Jurinac

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Sena Jurinac in May 1989

Sena Jurinac (actually: Srebrenka Klementina Kristina Jurinac since 1965 Sena Jurinac-Lederle; born October 24, 1921 in Travnik , Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes ; † November 22, 2011 in Hainhofen , Germany ) was a Yugoslavian - Austrian opera singer ( mezzo-soprano / Soprano ).


Sena Jurinac was born in 1921 as the daughter of a Yugoslav regimental doctor and a Viennese woman. After graduating from high school, she studied singing with Marija Kostrenčić at the Music Conservatory in Zagreb . In May 1942 she made her debut (in Serbo-Croatian) at the National Theater in Zagreb as Mimi in Puccini's La Bohème . She was engaged by Karl Böhm at the Vienna State Opera , of which she was a member until 1982. Her Viennese debut on May 1, 1945 took place in the Vienna Volksoper , which served as alternative quarters for the bombed-out State Opera. Jurinac soon became known as one of the members of the Vienna Mozart Ensemble. In 1951 she was appointed chamber singer , dubbed “the Sena” by the Viennese audience.

Jurinac was best known for her trouser roles with Mozart and Richard Strauss . B. im Rosenkavalier (including at the opening of the new festival theater in Salzburg , under conductor Karajan , with Elisabeth Schwarzkopf and Anneliese Rothenberger ; film 1960):

Fortunately, the 'Rosenkavalier' has been preserved in several versions, whether under Karajan ... or under Erich Kleiber ... -. 'Sensational' was none other than Carlos Kleiber's verdict on the Jurinac in his father's recording .

Sena Jurinac appeared in almost all of the major opera houses in Europe, North and South America, but never at the New York Met . In 1956 she sang in Australia. From 1949 to 1956 she had regular appearances at the Glyndebourne Festival . In 1947 and 1948 she sang at the Salzburg Festival and appeared repeatedly at La Scala in Milan and the Covent Garden Opera .

Significant roles included Marina in Boris Godunow , Tosca in Puccini's opera of the same name, Butterfly , Jenufa - and later the sexton - in Janáček's Jenufa , Elisabetta in Verdi's Don Carlo , and Desdemona in his Otello . Together with the tenor Peter Anders she recorded a number of duets (sung in German translation). At the end of 1949, Sena Jurinac sang with Peter Anders in a complete recording of Johann Strauss ' operetta Der Zigeunerbaron conducted by Franz Marszalek for WDR, as well as Rosalinde in Die Fledermaus in a 1950 recording by NWDR Hamburg under Wilhelm Schüchter . Living near Augsburg, she often sang at the Augsburg Theater .

During her long career on stage, “die Sena” a. a. together with conductors Karl Böhm, Herbert von Karajan, Clemens Krauss , Otto Klemperer , Hans Knappertsbusch , Josef Krips and Fritz Busch .

In November 1982 she said goodbye to the stage as Marschallin in the Rosenkavalier , but continued to work as a singing teacher (including at the Zurich University of Music ) and a juror at singing competitions. Her students included singers Gillian Crichton (mezzo-soprano), Tomas Kaluzny , Iva Mihanovic (soprano), Christine Schäfer (soprano) and Bo Skovhus .

Sena Jurinac married on June 2, 1953 in England the Italian bassist Sesto Bruscantini (born December 10, 1919), from whom she was divorced in 1956. In 1961 she married the Augsburg surgeon Josef Lederle and changed her name to Sena Jurinac-Lederle. Most recently, the artist lived secluded with her husband in the Swabian town of Neusäß (district of Hainhofen ).

Sena Jurinac's tomb

She is buried in the Döblinger Friedhof (group 38, row 9, number 1) in Vienna.

Discography (selection)



In 2006, the Friends of the Vienna State Opera , of which she was the first honorary member, launched the Sena Jurinac Ring for “human actors” as an award. The first recipients of this award are Elīna Garanča and Plácido Domingo .


  • Ursula Tamussino: Sena Jurinac. 1971.
  • Dieter David Scholz: The myth of the prima donna. 25 divas refute a cliché. Conversations with great singers. 1999
  • Incomparable in pants. Sena Jurinac. For the 90th birthday of the Mozart and Strauss singer. In: Augsburger Allgemeine , No. 245, Monday, October 24, 2011, p. 12

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. The Vienna State Opera mourns KS Sena Jurinac
  2. Dosch 2011, p. 12
  3. ^ Inscription Deutschordenshof, Singerstraße: Sena Jurinac 1964 (accessed June 10, 2014)
  4. Opera singer Sena Jurinac is dead in the press on November 23, 2011, accessed on November 23, 2011.
  5. A beloved has left us on the page of the Friends of the Vienna State Opera, accessed on November 24, 2011