|State :||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity :||Federation of BiH|
|Canton :||Central Bosnia|
|Area :||529 km²|
|Residents :||57,543 (2013)|
|Population density :||109 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||+387 (0) 30|
|Postal code :||72270|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Mayor :||Admir Hadžiemrić ( SDA )|
Travnik (German obsolete Traunik ) is a city in the canton of Central Bosnia ( Srednjobosanski Kanton ) in Bosnia and Herzegovina . It is located about 100 km northwest of Sarajevo in the Lašva valley between the Vlašić and Vranica mountain ranges .
Located in the narrow valley of the Lašva, which connects the valleys of Bosna and Vrbas , Travnik is bounded in the north by the Vlašić mountain range and in the south by the slopes of the Vilenica mountains. The city looks back on an eventful history. It belonged to the medieval Bosnian state, of which the well-preserved old town with fortress bears witness. During the Ottoman administration, Travnik was the seat of a governor of the sultan for 150 years . The city developed into the most important trade and handicraft center and the first diplomatic center of Bosnia . The French consulate was opened in Travnik in 1806 and existed until the fall of Napoleon I in 1814. Since Austria wanted to parry the French, it also founded a consulate in 1807, which existed until 1821. The native Travnian and Nobel Prize laureate Ivo Andrić described this epoch in his novel Wesire und Konsuln .
With the beginning of the Austro-Hungarian administration of Bosnia in 1878, Travnik developed into an industrial center. Wood processing and textile industry are the most important branches of industry to this day.
During the Bosnian War the city itself suffered relatively little war damage, but suffered many deaths due to the fierce fighting between Croats and Bosniaks in the nearby Lašva Valley. Since the Dayton Treaty in December 1995, Travnik has belonged to the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is the capital of the Central Bosnian Canton .
At the last Yugoslav census in 1991, the community still had 70,747 inhabitants, of whom 31,813 identified themselves as Muslims , 26,118 as Croats and 7,777 as Serbs . 19,041 inhabitants lived in the actual city, including 7,373 Bosniaks, 6,043 Croats, 2,800 Yugoslavs and 2,131 Serbs. As a result of the war and the poor economic situation, the population fell significantly and in 2013 was only around 53,482. Of these, 35,648 were Bosniaks (66.7%), 15,102 Croatians (28.2%) and 640 Serbs (1.2%). A relatively large number of 2,092 inhabitants (3.9%) indicated no or a different affiliation.
In 1893, Travnik was the terminus of the railway line coming from Lašva . A year later, the railway was extended over the Komar Pass to Donji Vakuf - Bugojno . The railway with a Bosnian gauge of 760 mm ran on individual sections with a gear drive . The narrow-gauge trains or their locomotives were affectionately called "Ćiro" in the Yugoslav vernacular. In 1975 the narrow-gauge railway was stopped and the tracks dismantled. A memorial with the steam locomotive JDŽ 97-036 reminds of the operation of the rack railway.
One of the sights of Travnik is the well-preserved fortress. It was mentioned for the first time in 1503, but there was already a weir system at the same location. In addition to numerous mosques ( Hasan Aga Mosque 1549/50, Hadži Ali Beg Mosque 1757/58, Colorful Mosque / Sulejmanija , 1816) there are also two clock towers ( Sahat Kula ) from the first half of the 18th century . Travnik is the only city in Bosnia and Herzegovina that has two clock towers. Numerous mosques and other buildings from Ottoman times still shape the cityscape today.
Due to these sights and Travnik's location on the edge of the Vlašić mountain range (1943 m), limited tourism developed. The Travniker sheep cheese is also known.
- Ivo Andrić (1892–1975), writer and Nobel Prize winner for literature, born in Dolac near Travnik
- Stanisław Gołąb (1902–1980), Polish mathematician
- Josef Páleníček (1914–1991), Czech pianist and composer
- Sena Jurinac (1921–2011) opera singer, soprano
- Miroslav Blažević (* 1935), football player and coach
- Vajta (born 1950), musician
- Mladen Solomun (* 1975), DJ and music producer
- Oliver Frljić (* 1976), theater director, author and artistic director
- Bedrana Ribo (* 1981), Austrian politician
- Luka Bilobrk (* 1985), football player
- Robert Kristo (* 1993), football player
- PDF at www.fzs.ba ( Memento of the original from November 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- PDF at www.bhas.ba ( memento of the original dated November 13, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Agencija za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine: Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova u Bosni i Hercegovini, 2013. Rezultati popisa. (pdf, 19.7 MB) Sarajevo, June 2016; P. 65
- Information on the city partnership between Leipzig and Travnik ( memento of the original dated November 19, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Official website of the municipality (Bosnian, Croatian, German)