|State :||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity :||Republika Srpska|
|Area :||813.9 km²|
|Residents :||60,211 (2018)|
|Population density :||74 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||+387 (0) 53|
|Postal code :||74000|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Structure :||78 local communities|
|Mayor :||Obren Petrović ( SDS )|
Doboj ( Serbian - Cyrillic Добој ) is a city and the associated municipality in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina . It is located in the Republika Srpska (RS) entity . 35,000 people live in the city proper and 77,223 people in the entire area of the municipality.
The town of Doboj, 146 m above sea level, is located in the central north of Bosnia, on the Bosna River . In Doboj the Usora and Spreča flow into the Bosna. The city is also close to Mount Ozren and the two lakes Orlovo and Goransko.
At the time of the 1991 census, the town of Doboj had 27,498 inhabitants, of which are
- 11,154 (40.56%) as Bosniaks
- 8,011 (29.13%) as Serbs
- 4,365 (15.87%) than Yugoslavs
- 2,714 (9.86%) designated as Croats .
Doboj has been populated mostly by Serbs since the Bosnian War. However, a certain number of Bosniaks and Croats also live in the city, whose return was facilitated by the border location with the Federation .
The city of Doboj includes the following districts:
- Centar (center): 10,735 inhabitants (1991 census)
- Doboj Novi: 749 inhabitants
- Donji Grad: 5035 inhabitants
In addition, the villages of Doboj belonged to:
- Bare: population 1,185 in 1991 (1991 census)
- Čaršija: 4926 inhabitants
- Orašje: 2136 inhabitants
- Usora: 2813 inhabitants
The Romans built a fort near today's city in the 1st century. Parts of the Roman structure were used to build the fortress in the 13th century, around which an urban settlement developed in the subsequent period.
Since the beginning of the war in 1992, the city has been mostly inhabited by Orthodox Serbs due to the flight and displacement of the population at the time. From 2000 onwards, many members of the other ethnic groups returned to their homes.
A large swimming pool has been built near the bus station, where concerts are occasionally held. A few meters from the swimming pool are the Sloga Doboj football fields. The club currently plays in the Bosnian second division.
In autumn 2005 the modern shopping center BmD Centar was opened in Doboj , but this was closed due to lack of money. Not far from the shopping center, a new Orthodox church was built, which is larger than the previous one in the old town. In the center of the city, an old department store was restructured into another shopping center. In addition, further residential and commercial properties are being built.
Due to the geographical location on the front line, large parts of Doboj were fought over during the war, which is why the area is still heavily mined.
The field office of the European Police Mission ( EUPM ) is now closed; the area is looked after by Banja Luka . The EU is militarily represented by a camp of the Portuguese armed forces (Camp Doboj). The Polish military withdrew in September 2005 and handed over their camp to the Bosnian armed forces .
In spring 2014, Doboj was one of the towns in Bosnia that was hardest hit by the floods caused by the Yvette in the Balkans . Due to continuous rain for days, the water level of the Bosna rose continuously. On May 14, the river finally overflowed its banks and poured into the city. About 80% of the city area was flooded. All access roads were impassable and Doboj was practically cut off from the rest of the country. The highest water level in the city was about 4 meters on May 15th. Thousands of people were locked in their houses and apartments without electricity, running water or landlines; sometimes with little or no food supplies, as there was no severe weather warning from the authorities. Volunteers and local authorities provided the trapped people with water and food in rubber boats. Two helicopters were used to evacuate people who were in immediate mortal danger.
From May 16, the water level in the city slowly sank again. It was the worst storm in 120 years in the entire Balkans .
Economy and Infrastructure
It was not until many years after the war that Doboj began serious economic development. Only 34.5% of the working population are currently in official employment. The problem of unemployment is even more pronounced in rural areas. The old agricultural cooperatives have collapsed. Not even 250 farmers in Doboj municipality own more than 5 hectares of land.
Only three companies managed to increase the number of employees after privatization. This is RKTK Doboj, a limestone mine and lime factory in Sevarlije; TKS Dalekovod, a manufacturer of overhead power lines, steel masts and related metal structures in the north of Doboj; and the Stanari brown coal mine to the west. In all three cases it is foreign direct investment.
In March 2006 the average income was 520 KM and the value of the monthly basket was 460 KM.
The infrastructure of Opština Doboj is outdated overall, but good in a national comparison.
Benefiting from its location, the city has developed into an important transport hub. This is where the country's two main railway lines intersect. The Pan-European Transport Corridor No. Vc runs in the valley of the Bosna , where the A1 motorway will run alongside the railway .
In 1879, with the opening of the Bosnabahn, the city was connected to the railway network. The Doboj – Tuzla railway , which was also narrow-gauge at the time, followed in 1891 . In 1947 the Yugoslav State Railways converted the Sarajevo – Doboj section of the Bosna Railway to standard gauge, extended the line to Bosanski Šamac and ceased operations on the remaining section of the Bosna Railway. From 1947 to 1951 the line to Tuzla was re-gauged and in 1951 the standard gauge line to Banja Luka was built. After the division of Bosnia-Herzegovina into two entities, the three lines starting from Doboj came to the Željeznice Republike Srpske (ŽRS) railway company , which is also based in Doboj.
The city's most famous football club is FK Sloga Doboj .
Above Doboj is the Doboj fortress from the 13th century with a view of the city and the Bosna valley. Two mosques were rebuilt in the urban area, as well as the small Roman Catholic church. The Serbian Orthodox Church not far from the fortress survived the war unscathed and a second is in the center. You can also visit a Roman camp / castell near Doboj.
- Silvana Armenulić (1939–1976), singer
- Aleksandar Đurić (* 1970), former Bosnian-Herzegovinian canoeist and current Singaporean football player
- Danijel Šarić (* 1977), handball player
- Esad Razić (* 1982), football player
- Jasmina Rebmann-Janković (* 1986), handball player
- Ajdin Mahmutović (* 1986), football player
The synagogue in Doboj
- http://rzs.rs.ba/front/article/3630/ Updated population figures for 2018 from the Institute for Statistics of the Republika Srpska. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Bosnian Congres - census 1991 - North of Bosnia . Hdmagazine.com. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- European Stability Initiative: A Bosnian Fortress. Return, energy and the future of Bosnia (PDF; 424 kB), December 19, 2007.