|State :||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity :||Federation of BiH|
|Area :||390 km²|
|Residents :||9,556 (2013)|
|Population density :||25 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||71330|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Mayor :||Zdravko Marošević ( HDZ BiH )|
Vareš ( Cyrillic Вареш ) is an association municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina , in the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina . Vareš is located not far from Sarajevo in the southwestern part of the Zenica-Doboj canton , in the middle of a low mountain range with heights of up to 1,500 meters.
The centers of settlement are the localities Vareš (830 meters above sea level) and Vareš-Majdan in the western part of the municipality. There are also numerous smaller villages and hamlets spread across the entire municipality.
The city, which flourished economically before the Bosnian War, is now economically on the ground, partly due to the closure of the copper and iron ore mines, partly due to the war and partly due to the ethnic conflicts between the Catholic and Muslim population and the sanctions by the international community in the Post war period.
According to the last census before the Bosnian War, the Vareš municipality had a total of 22,203 inhabitants in 1991. Of these, 9,016 identified themselves as Croats (40.6%), 6,714 as Muslims (30.2%; today Bosniaks ), 3,644 as Serbs (16.4%) and 2,829 as members of other groups, v. a. Yugoslavs . Also due to the local industry, the population was ethnically mixed and no group constituted an absolute majority.
The war brought about a change in the majority situation in many communities, including Vareš. Overall, the population fell to 8,919 by the 2013 census, the first after the war, which is less than half. Today the community has a Bosniak majority; The community hardly has any Serbian residents.
- total: 8,919
- 5,447 Bosniaks (61.3%)
- 2,820 Croatians (31.7%)
- 189 Serbs (2.1%)
- 436 other (4.9%)
In the city proper there were 2,919 inhabitants, including:
- 1,339 Bosniaks (45.9%)
- 1,254 Croatians (43.0%)
- 71 Serbs (2.4%)
- 253 other (8.7%)
The population in Vareš is mainly composed of refugees from the surrounding villages. In the 2000s, however, an increasing number of displaced Croatian residents returned to Vareš from Croatia. Nevertheless, the total number of inhabitants fell to below 10,000 by 2013.
Today's standard gauge Podlugovi - Vareš siding connects the Vareš ironworks with the Podlugovi station on the Šamac – Sarajevo railway . The 24.7-kilometer branch line was owned by the Vareš Iron Industry Corporation and was mainly used to remove the iron. In addition, passenger trains also ran.