|State :||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity :||Republika Srpska|
|Area :||184 km²|
|Residents :||15,343 (2018)|
|Population density :||83 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||+387 (0) 54|
|Postal code :||76230|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Mayor :||Đorđe Milićević (Savez za promjene)|
Šamac ( Serbian - Cyrillic Шамац ), formerly Bosanski Šamac ( Serbian - Cyrillic Босански Шамац ) is a town and municipality of the same name in the Posavina plain in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina . It has belonged to the Republika Srpska since the Bosnian War .
Šamac is mentioned for the first time in 1725 under the name "Lukacev Sanac". After the Muslim population was expelled from Serbia in 1862, the towns in northern Bosnia along the Sava River became places of refuge for the displaced. During this time, Samac was nicknamed "Gornja Azizija" after the then Sultan Aziz. During that time the foundations of a modern city emerged. The design came from Salih Efendija Muvekit and was implemented by a French architect.
The area of the association municipality of Šamac was larger before the Bosnian War. One part now belongs to the municipality of Odžak , another to the municipality of Domaljevac-Šamac, which was founded under the Dayton Treaty . Before the war, the district had 32,835 inhabitants. In the actual city of Šamac there was no population group in the absolute majority. After the war, the population decreased to around 26,000. The population structure in Šamac was forcibly changed by displacement from 1992 onwards. The municipality of Šamac took in around 7,000 displaced Bosnian Serbs. The return of the displaced Bosniaks and Croats has been slow to this day.
During the war, Bosanski Šamac was referred to as “Srpski Šamac” by the authorities of the Republika Srpska, while various media use the old town name Bosanski Šamac to this day. Since 2005 the city is officially called Šamac.
At the time of the 1991 census, the old municipality of Bosanski Šamac had 32,835 inhabitants, of whom 14,731 (44.69%) were Croatians , 13,628 (41.34%) were Serbs , 2,233 (6.77%) were Bosniaks and 1,755 (5th , 32%) referred to as Yugoslavs .
In the city itself with a total of 6,239 inhabitants, the distribution was different for historical reasons: 2,178 (34.91%) Bosniaks , 1,755 (28.13%) Serbs , 1,195 (19.15%) Yugoslavs , 827 (13.26%) Croats .
The number of inhabitants and the population structure have changed significantly due to the war. In 2011 it was assumed that there were 5,500 inhabitants in the core city and 19,000 in the (reduced) municipality. The 2013 census confirmed the population for the entire municipality.
The municipality Šamac includes the villages Batkuša , Brvnik , Crkvina , Donja Slatina , Gajevi , Grebnice , Gornja Slatina , Hasić , Kornica , Kruškovo Polje (with Lazar church ), Novo Selo , Obudovac , Pisari , Srednja Slatina , Skaric , Tišina and Zasavica .
- Alija Izetbegović (1925–2003), first President of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Chairman of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian State Presidency
- Sulejman Tihić (1951–2014), Chairman of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian State Presidency
- Zoran Đinđić (1952–2003), Prime Minister of Serbia
- Predrag Nikolić (* 1960), chess grandmaster
- Church of St. Dimitri the Great Martyr , Serbian Orthodox parish church (1925–1934)
- Chapel of the Great Martyrs Tsar Lazar and all Serbian new martyrs , Serbian Orthodox cemetery chapel (1993–1994)
- http://rzs.rs.ba/front/article/3630/ Updated population figures for 2018 from the Institute for Statistics of the Republika Srpska. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Information from UNHCR Sarajevo
- Website of the municipality of Šamac
- Official website
- Report of the Federal Commissioner for Bosnia (1998) ( Memento of June 12, 2007 in the Internet Archive )