Engelbert Krebs

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Engelbert Krebs
Engelbert Krebs. Signature 1945
Grave in the main cemetery in Freiburg

Engelbert Gustav Hans Krebs (born September 4, 1881 in Freiburg im Breisgau , † November 29, 1950 ibid) was a German Catholic theologian .


Engelbert Krebs, son of the banker Eugen Krebs from the banking house JA Krebs in Freiburg , studied Catholic theology at the University of Freiburg , the University of Munich and the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome . During his studies in 1900 he became a member of the KDStV Arminia Freiburg im Breisgau in the CV . In 1903 he received his doctorate in philosophy and in 1910 in theology . In 1906 he was ordained a priest. Around 1912 he worked as a private lecturer at the Jesuit college in Yokohama . In 1911 he qualified as a professor in the field of "Study of Scholasticism " and in 1915 became an associate professor, then in 1919 a full professor of dogmatics at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau.

During the period of the Third Reich , from 1936 onwards, Krebs was no longer allowed to teach for political reasons and was retired in 1937. In 1943 he was banned from speaking. After his rehabilitation in 1945 he was unable to hold lectures for health reasons and was retired in 1946 .

Cancer stood out above all through publications on medieval and mystical theology, religious and local history, Johann Baptist von Hirscher and Dante Alighieri . In dealing with the Baden school of Neo-Kantianism , he tried to emphasize the vitality of Catholic dogma and the ethical relevance of faith. Krebs was influenced by Adolf Dyroff , Heinrich Finke , Georg von Hertling and Franz Joseph Dölger , was friends with Martin Heidegger for many years and worked on Romano Guardini , whose doctoral supervisor he was, and Bernhard Welte .

Publications (selection)

  • Master Dietrich (Theodoricus Teutonicus de Vriberg). His life, his works, his science. Aschendorff, Münster 1906.
  • The Logos as Savior in the First Century: A Contribution to the Doctrine of Redemption in the History of Religion and Dogma. 1910.
  • Theology and science according to the teaching of university scholasticism: Using the previously unprinted Defensa doctrinae D. Thomae by Hervaeus Natalis with the addition of printed and unprinted parallel texts. 1912.
  • The hour of our visitation. 1915 (Thoughts on the Great War 1).
  • On the building of the future. 1915 (Thoughts on the Great War 2).
  • The secret of our strength. 1916 (Thoughts on the Great War 3).
  • The calm god. 1917 (Thoughts on the Great War 4).
  • What no eye has seen: Our life in the hereafter, our vision of God and a happy reunion with our loved ones according to the teaching decisions and prayers of the Church. 1917 (13th / 14th edition 1940).
  • The treatment of prisoners of war in Germany: presented on the basis of official material: Working committee for the defense of German and Catholic interests in the world war. 1917.
  • Basic questions of ecclesiastical mysticism: discussed dogmatically and valued for life. 1921.
  • The mark of his disciples: a booklet from Christian Caritas. 1921.
  • Dogma and Life: The Church's Doctrine of Faith as a Source of Value for Spiritual Life. 2 volumes, 1921; 1925.
  • The Protestants and we: what unites and divides. 1922.
  • Around the earth: a pilgrimage. 1928.
  • Saint Augustine, the man and Doctor of the Church. 1930.
  • Church and Faith. 1937.
  • The creative powers of prayer. 1940.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Complete directory of the CV The honorary members, old men and students of the Cartell Association (CV) of the cath. German student associations. 1912, Strasbourg i. Els. 1912, p. 118.