Enno Sander

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Friedrich Carl Enno Sander.png

Friedrich Carl Enno Sander (born February 27, 1822 in Trinum near Koethen ; † February 12, 1912 in St. Louis , Missouri , USA) was a German protagonist of the revolution of 1848 and a pharmacist in the USA .


Enno Sander was the second of five children of Oberamtmann Friedrich Carl Heinrich Sander (1787–1847) and a nephew of Bergmeister Friedrich Ludwig Sander . He grew up on the Freiherr von Endeschem manor Trinum, which had been on family lease since his grandfather. He studied chemistry , physics and philosophy in Berlin and received his doctorate in Halle (Saale) in 1847 on the philosophy of Friedrich Wilhelm Schelling .

After the March riots in 1848, Sander returned to Trinum and finally moved to Koethen to take part in the revolutionary movement by giving lectures. In the elections for the constituent state parliament of Anhalt-Köthen , he stood for the left-wing democrats and defeated his opponent, the famous ornithologist Johann Friedrich Naumann . Sander tried to connect the revolutionary movement in Anhalt with the all-German movement, especially with the Berlin movement around Carl d'Ester . In May 1849, Sander said goodbye to Köthen to take part in the fighting in the Palatinate and Baden , where he had been Deputy War Minister of the Baden Republic in Karlsruhe since June . After Karlsruhe had to be evacuated before the advancing Prussian troops, Sander entrenched himself with the Baden-Palatinate rebels in the Rastatt fortress , which had to be handed over to the Prussian troops without a fight on July 23, 1849 as the last bastion of the revolution in view of the hopelessness of the situation. Sander was arrested, but in July 1850 after a submission by the Zerbst District Court Councilor Dr. Carl Friedrich Ferdinand Sintenis (1804–1868), Sander's brother-in-law, pardoned on condition that he immediately emigrated to America and never return to Germany.

Initially an emigrant in New York , Sander soon settled in St. Louis, Missouri, where he founded several pharmacies from 1853 . At that time the pharmacies were still producing their own pharmaceuticals and in the following years Sander devoted himself entirely to the production of pharmaceuticals in his own laboratory . Sander made great contributions to the development of pharmacognosy and became a founder of pharmacognosy in the United States. His friend Alfred von Behr , with whom he experienced the revolution in Köthen and whom he had cultivated at the end of his life, died in Sander's house in 1862. Sander founded the St. Louis College of Pharmacy in 1863 and was a co-founder of the St. Louis Academy of Sciences. In 1902, Sander built a mineral water factory that was considered the best of its kind in the western United States. He also had patents for a medicine cabinet, a chemical fire extinguisher and a carbonated water distiller.

During the American Civil War , Sander served as a major in the Northern Army . Politically, he no longer seems to have been active. Sander remained unmarried and died honored at the age of almost 90.


In his birthplace Trinum , the former Bergstrasse was named in 2010 in honor of Doktor-Enno-Sander-Strasse as part of the incorporation and the associated street renaming in the new community of Osternienburger Land .

In Rastatt there is an Enno-Sander-Straße named after him and in Kleinpaschleben near Köthen the primary school Dr. Enno Sander , which was closed in 2017. In 1984 a newly founded youth club in Köthen was named after Enno Sander at the suggestion of the club council, which thus prevailed against other naming plans of the FDJ district management. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the club continued to exist for a while under the name "Enno" without any reference to Enno Sander being recognized.


  • Werner Grossert: Dr. Enno Sander: A contribution to the history of the revolution in Köthen in 1848/49 . Historical Museum, Köthen 1984
  • Otto Heller : From the diary of a forty-eight man (Doctor Enno Sander) . In: German-American history sheets . Vol. 19 (1913), pp. 309-340.
  • The Pacific Pharmacist , Volume 5, No 1, p. 314, Nekrolog

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Volume 7: Supplement A – K. Winter, Heidelberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-8253-6050-4 , p. 63.