Erich Dombrowski (born December 23, 1882 in Danzig ; † October 29, 1972 in Wiesbaden ) was a German journalist and writer . In 1949 he was one of the co-founders of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung .
From 1916 to 1926 Dombrowski wrote leading articles for the Berliner Tageblatt , where he headed the domestic policy department and was deputy editor-in-chief. From 1918 to 1926 he was also an employee of the Berlin magazine Die Weltbühne . Under the pseudonym Johannes Fischart, which reminded of the Alsatian satirist Johann Fischart (1546–1590), he published more than 100 portraits of contemporary figures from politics and journalism. The portraits were also published in book form from 1919 to 1925 in a four-part series "The old and the new system" and achieved several editions. From 1926 to 1936 Dombrowski was editor-in-chief of the Frankfurter General-Anzeiger , until he was removed from this position under pressure from the Nazi regime.
In 1945 he and the publisher Adolf Fraund founded the Neue Mainzer Anzeiger , which appeared for the first time on October 26, 1945. On November 29, 1946, he founded the Allgemeine Zeitung in Mainz with a French license . Some of the former members of the Frankfurter Zeitung's editorial team gathered at the Allgemeine Zeitung Mainz . As a result, she cannot yet be called the successor; only the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung was allowed to take over the title Frankfurter Zeitung in its imprint after years of negotiations . Along with Hans Baumgarten , Karl Korn , Paul Sethe and Erich Welter, Dombrowski was one of the founding editors of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in November 1949 . At the end of 1962 he left this position, but continued to write for the paper until 1972. At the same time he was editor-in-chief of the Wiesbadener Tagblatt , the Mainzer Allgemeine Zeitung and the Darmstädter Tageblatt until 1957 .
In 1955 Dombrowski published a commentary on the 10th anniversary of the defeat of Hitler's Germany . In it he rejected the thesis allegedly advocated by the victorious powers of a German collective guilt . Hitler forced the German people to go to war against the will of all "insightful military". After a "desperate struggle with a coalition of the whole world", he regretted, the defeat had brought "shame and shame" when the victors wanted to burden the German people "with a collective guilt in order to ostracize them forever." The victorious powers were driven by “mental confusion”, “hatred” and “retaliation”. May 8, 1945 was a "gloomy day of deepest humiliation". This comment was typical of a point of view widespread in the Adenauer era , which, however, was also represented by authors such as Gottfried Benn , Werner Bergengruen and Walter von Molo shortly after the end of the war .
- 1952: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Dombrowski was an honorary citizen of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz .
- Erich Dombrowski: Ten years of German cultural development before the war 1914/15 , Leipzig 1915.
- Johannes Fischart: The old and the new system , Berlin 1919.
- Johannes Fischart: Heads of the Present , Berlin 1920.
- Johannes Fischart: New Heads , Berlin 1925.
- Erich Dombrowski, Emil Kraus , Karl Schramm : How it was. Fateful years in Mainz 1945–48. Reports and documents , Mainz 1965.
- Ralf Haber: Mainz Press 1945–1950. A model study for the early post-war period. Cologne 1997.
- Carolin Dorothée Lange: Geniuses in the Reichstag. Leadership images of the republican bourgeoisie in the Weimar Republic. Hanover 2012, pp. 118–123.
- Herbert Müller-Werth : On the history of the Wiesbaden press since the Weimar period . In: Nassauische Annalen , 84th Volume, 1973. pp. 224-228.
- Literature by and about Erich Dombrowski in the catalog of the German National Library
- Erich Dombrowski in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available)
- Dombrowski, Erich Franz. Hessian biography. (As of February 13, 2020). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Dombrowski, Erich in the Frankfurt personal dictionary
- Entry on Erich Dombrowski in the Rhineland-Palatinate personal database
- Dombrowski in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of May 7, 1955. Quoted here from Peter Hurrelbrink: Liberation as a process. The collective official memory of May 8, 1945 in the Federal Republic, the GDR and in united Germany. In: Gesine Schwan, Jerzy Holzer, Marie-Claire Lavabre, Birgit Schwelling (eds.): Democratic political identity. Germany, Poland and France in comparison. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden 2006, ISBN 3-531-14555-X , pp. 71–119, here p. 79.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Fischart, Johannes|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German journalist and writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 23, 1882|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Danzig|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 29, 1972|
|Place of death||Wiesbaden|