Erika Emmerich (born May 4, 1934 in Magdeburg , née Bley ) is a German lawyer and manager . She was the first President of the Federal Motor Transport Authority in Flensburg and the first woman to head the Association of the Automotive Industry as President .
Emmerich is the daughter of an engineer who ran a company in the automotive supply industry in Magdeburg . In 1951 she passed the Abitur in Magdeburg and then studied law . She moved from the Humboldt University in East Berlin to West Germany , where she continued her studies first in Hamburg, then in Innsbruck (Austria) as well as in Freiburg im Breisgau and Bonn . In 1957 she passed the trainee exam, four years later the assessor exam.
She began her professional career in 1961 in the public service in Düsseldorf. She received her doctorate in 1964 with her dissertation The assessment bases of municipal usage fees for garbage collection, street cleaning and drainage with special consideration of the unit value. From 1965 she worked in the Federal Ministry of Transport in Bonn , most recently as a government director . There she was commissioned, among other things, to develop guidelines for the training of professional drivers . To do this, she passed the driving test for trucks, buses and trams. She worked on the regulation on the employment of women on vehicles and the Leber plan and wrote the commentary on the professional driver training regulation .
From February 1983 to 1988 she headed the Federal Motor Transport Authority in Flensburg . In this function, she was one of the initiators of the probationary driving license , which was introduced in November 1986.
In January 1989 she moved from Flensburg to the Association of the Automotive Industry in Frankfurt , which she was the first woman to head until 1996. She took over this position during a phase of recession in the automotive industry, which in Germany was only interrupted by a boom after reunification . It warned of negative factors in Germany as an industrial location, criticized high corporate taxation and rejected further increases in the cost of road haulage . She called for a reduction in labor costs and more flexible working hours .
In 1992 and 1994 she was confirmed in office, but in 1996 she refused to run for another term. Her successor was the Mercedes-Benz manager Bernd Gottschalk , who was again followed in 2007 by Matthias Wissmann .
Emmerich married a Bonn lawyer in 1957. The marriage ended in divorce in 1979. Emmerich has three daughters who were born in 1962, 1965 and 1966.
Emmerich is a member of the CDU , ran for the Bundestag in 1972 and was elected to the Bornheim municipal parliament in 1980. In the party, she worked on a commission of lawyers that promoted women's rights in legislation and campaigned for reforms of marriage, family and adoption law.
Heiko Hoffmann , CDU top candidate for the office of Prime Minister in the early state elections in Schleswig-Holstein in 1988 , saw Emmerich for the office of Minister of the Interior. The defeat of the CDU in the year after the Barschel affair and the formation of a sole SPD government under Björn Engholm prevented the assumption of a cabinet post.
- 1993 Medal of Merit of the Society for Research into the Causes of Traffic Accidents
- 1994 Gold Medal of Honor of the German Traffic Guard
- 1996 Golden Diesel Ring from the Association of Motor Journalists
- 1997 honorary membership of the German Traffic Guard
- 1997 Federal Cross of Merit, 1st class
- 1997 Great Decoration of Honor from the German Chamber of Commerce in Austria
- Emmerich, Erika in the Munzinger archive , accessed on March 16, 2017 ( beginning of article freely available)
- Marie-Luise Hauck-Fleck: The fearless president , zeit.de, July 29, 1988, accessed on March 16, 2017.
- Michael Gnauss: The VDA boss - a man from the career forge . In: welt.de , October 19, 1996, accessed on March 16, 2017.
- Wissmann becomes chief lobbyist . In: manager-magazin.de , March 26, 2007, accessed on March 16, 2017.
- Marie-Luise Hauck-Fleck: The fearless president . In: zeit.de , July 29, 1988, accessed on March 16, 2017.
- Sustainable use for more traffic safety . In: vda.de , April 30, 2014, accessed on March 16, 2017.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Bley, Erika (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German lawyer and manager|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 4, 1934|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Magdeburg|