Franz Hecker

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Memorial stone in Bersenbrück
Memorial stone in Osnabrück
Holter Church in Bissendorf near Osnabrück - This view is called the Franz Hecker view because Hecker captured it in a picture.
Grave site of the Hecker family in the Johannisfriedhof in Osnabrück

Franz Hecker (born November 15, 1870 in Bersenbrück , † November 21, 1944 in Osnabrück ) was a German painter and graphic artist .


Franz Hecker was born as the son of the Hanoverian bailiff Franz Hecker and his wife Maria Hecker born. Mues from Hastrup born. After the father's death, the family moved to Osnabrück. There he attended the Carolinum grammar school , but left the school before graduating from high school . Then, at his mother's request, he began an apprenticeship in a bank, which he broke off after two years. He received his further training from 1890 to 1893 at the Düsseldorf Art Academy , where he met Fritz Overbeck , Otto Modersohn and Heinrich Vogeler, among others , and has since visited the Worpswede artists' colony . In addition, he was in Munich for a study visit in 1893 (in the Nauen private studio) and in 1895 at the Académie Julian in Paris under William Adolphe Bouguereau .

Various study trips took him to the Netherlands and Italy ( Rome , Florence , Capri ). In 1900 he returned to Osnabrück. From 1902 to 1912 he lived on Gut Sandfort; In 1912 he moved into his own villa on Schölerberg .

Many of his works were dedicated to landscape motifs and personalities from Bersenbrück and were inspired by impressionism . In total, Franz Hecker created more than a thousand works using different techniques. The wall paintings in the conference rooms of the Bersenbrück town hall from 1913 are also by him.

Hecker was an amateur musician who formed a string quartet with friends . The Hecker Quartet included Bernard Wieman , Rudolf Gosling and the later privy councilor Schneider.

On January 9, 1944, Hecker was awarded the Justus Möser Medal by the city of Osnabrück. Franz Hecker was killed in a bombing raid on Osnabrück during World War II when a bomb rolled into the entrance of the bunker in his house not far from the zoo and exploded. A plaque at the site of the accident commemorates this event. On December 13, 1944, the writer Ludwig Bäte gave a speech in honor of the deceased at the public memorial service in Agnes Schoeller's house. His grave is in the Johannisfriedhof in the Osnabrück Neustadt.

The Nahner Elementary School founded in 1909 (today the Franz Hecker School ) and Heckerstrasse in Osnabrück were named after him. The Kreissparkasse Bersenbrück has been offering a "Franz Hecker grant" every two years since 2004, which is intended to promote young artists.

The listed Villa Hecker has been the seat of the Bohnenkamp Foundation since 2013, which promotes the artist's memory. Since 2016, the Egerland Foundation has been promoting the project “Home and Foreigners - in the footsteps of Franz Hecker”, which is aimed particularly at young participants with a migration background.


  • 1903 (May 17 - June 15): Artländer peasant pictures and pastels, Dürerbund exhibition, Museum Osnabrück
  • 1909 (November 15 – November 1): Etchings, Dürerbund exhibition, Osnabrück
  • 1909: Landesmuseum Münster
  • 1909: Munich - Participation in the annual exhibition in the Glaspalast with an etching ("Quartet")
  • 1911: Munich - Participation in the annual exhibition in the Glaspalast with two etchings ("Feierabend" and "Walk")
  • 1914: Munich - Participation in the annual exhibition in the Glaspalast with the etching "Walk"
  • 1916: Altarpiece, Dürerbund exhibition in Osnabrück
  • 1927: Nordhorn (paintings and etchings)
  • 1933: Dürerbund anniversary exhibition for the 30th anniversary in Osnabrück
  • 1933: Bielefeld
  • 1940: Osnabrück Castle - 70th birthday exhibition
  • 1940: Museum Bielefeld - exhibition for the 70th birthday
  • 1959: Hecker and his contemporaries, Städtisches Museum
  • 1971: Oil sketches of the Osnabrück Cultural History Museum
  • 1982: Graphics, paintings, sketches - Bohmte, Bad Iburg, Bad Laer, Quakenbrück, Fürstenau, Bersenbrück
  • 1995: (Etchings and oil sketches) in the Museum Villa Stahmer , Georgsmarienhütte
  • 2003 (11.2. - 4.5.): Franz Hecker - the graphic work, Bramsche cloth maker museum
  • 2003: Bersenbrück - paintings and charcoal drawings
  • 2003/2004: Bremen-Vegesack, Fritz and Hermine Overbeck Foundation
  • 2006/2007: Masterpieces from the Rehme Collection, Bersenbrück District Museum
  • 2013/2014: "Goodbye Paradise. Franz Hecker - Nature and Dream ”, Osnabrück
  • 2020: “Franz Hecker paintings”, Osnabrück Museum Quarter


  • Ludwig Bäte: Franz Hecker. Meinders & Elstermann, Osnabrück 1963.
  • Cornelia Hess: The influence of the National Socialist conception of art on the city museum, the Dürerbund and Osnabrück artists. Osnabrück 1985.
  • Ulrike Hamm: The printmaking. Osnabrück 1980, ISBN 3-87898-228-3 .
  • Ulrike Hamm: Franz Hecker. Paintings, pastels, prints. H. Th. Wenner, Osnabrück 1997, ISBN 3-87898-349-2 .
  • Susanne Meier (ed.), Ulrike Hamm: Franz Hecker. The graphic work. The charcoal drawings. A selection of the paintings. Rasch Druckerei und Verlag GmbH & Co.KG, Bramsche 2003, ISBN 3-935326-99-8 .
  • Rainer Drewes, Herbert Holstein: The Hecker Quartet (1919-1944). A contribution to the biography of the painter Franz Hecker. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch 2005 of the KHB-Osnabrück Land eV ( ISSN  1618-5757 ) Osnabrück 2005.
  • Ulrike Hamm: Hecker, Franz . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Volume 70, de Gruyter, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-11-023175-5 , p. 516 f.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Förderkreis Hasefriedhof - Johannisfriedhof eV (Ed.), Ernst Kosche: Corridors through the Johannisfriedhof. Osnabrück 2007, p. 26.
  2. ^ Bersenbrück: Hecker scholarship to Silke Wobst. In: December 29, 2014, accessed March 25, 2016 .
  3. Wolfgang Elbers: Paletti project in the footsteps of Franz Hecker. In: March 23, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016 .
  4. On p. 74 of this publication a work is described, illustrated in its entirety and ascribed to Franz Hecker, which does not come from him but from Kurt Meyer-Eberhardt (1895–1977) - cf. Vollmer , Volume 3 (1956), p. 383.