Peace of Paris (1763)
With the Peace of Paris on February 10, 1763, the Seven Years' War in Western Europe , North America and India , which Great Britain and its ally Portugal had fought against France and Spain , ended. This mainly affected areas in the Lower Rhine-Westphalian , Upper Rhine and Lower Saxony districts as well as the American, African and Indian colonies . Shortly afterwards, the Peace of Hubertusburg ended the war between Prussia , Empress Maria Theresa ( Empire and Habsburg countries) and Electoral Saxony .
Great Britain emerged from the conflict, particularly from the French and Indian wars in North America, as the only winner. The peace treaty awarded England Florida, which was until then Spanish . France had to cede Canada and the areas east of the Mississippi and around the Great Lakes to the British Crown. In addition, it had to compensate Spain with its areas west of the Mississippi ( Louisiana ) for the loss of Florida. In North America, France kept only the western half of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola (today's Haiti ) and the fishing islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon , which, however, were not allowed to be fortified according to the terms of the contract.
The Indian possessions of France also fell to Great Britain after the Third Carnatic War as a result of the Peace of Paris . The French crown kept only a few trading bases here, including Pondicherry and Karikal , which became Indian in 1954. Also Senegambia , now divided in Senegal and Gambia , as well as some smaller possessions were British. France had to remove the heavy fortifications of the port city of Dunkirk . Some provisions of the treaty were revised 20 years later in the Peace of Paris of 1783 : After Britain's defeat in the American War of Independence , in which France had supported the young USA against Great Britain, Senegal reverted to France and Florida to Spain.
After the conquest of Spain during the Napoleonic Wars , Louisiana came under French rule again for a short time in 1800. Three years later, Napoléon I sold the entire area to the United States ( Louisiana Purchase ).
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