Friedrich Bezold

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Bust of Friedrich Bezold in the Nussbaumpark on Sendlinger-Tor-Platz in Munich

Friedrich Bezold (born February 9, 1842 in Rothenburg ob der Tauber , † October 5, 1908 in Munich ) was a German physician, ophthalmologist and specialist in the field of ear medicine .


Bezold studied medicine in Munich, Erlangen and Würzburg from 1860 to 1866 . Then he settled in Munich as an ophthalmologist. In 1877 he completed his habilitation in otology (ear medicine). From 1878 he headed the otiatric outpatient clinic at the University of Munich . He became associate professor in 1886 and full professor in 1906. He also had the title of court counselor .

Bezold published numerous writings in his field. His hearing tests with tuning forks and his efforts to improve the education of the hearing impaired became known .

He died on the night of October 5th to 6th, 1908 in Munich.


The following deonyms are named after Bezold :


  • Antiseptic treatment of the central dilatation. Tröltsch 'Archive for Ear Medicine, Leipzig.
  • Experimental studies on the sound conduction apparatus of the ear. Tröltsch 'Archive for Ear Medicine, Leipzig.
  • Diseases of the wart part. Tröltsch 'Archive for Ear Medicine, Leipzig.
  • Otomycosis. In: Lectures on the aetiology of infectious diseases. Munich, 1881.
  • Fibrinous exudate on the eardrum. Virchow's Archive for Pathological Anatomy and Physiology, and for Clinical Medicine, Berlin
  • The perforation of the wart from the anatomical point of view. Monthly for ear medicine, Berlin.
  • The corrosion anatomy of the ear . Munich 1882
  • School examinations on the child's hearing organ . Wiesbaden, 1885
  • Labyrinth necrosis and paralysis of the facial nerve . Wiesbaden, 1886
  • The diseases of the wart part. In: Black . Handbook of Ear Medicine , 1893.
  • Survey of the current state of otology . Wiesbaden, 1895
  • The hearing ability of the deaf and mute . Wiesbaden, 1896
  • About the functional testing of the human auditory organ. Collected treatises and lectures. 3 volumes, Wiesbaden, JF Bergmann, 1897–1909.
  • Textbook of otology for doctors and students in 32 lectures . Wiesbaden, Bergmann, 1906


The Bezold monument with a fountain is located in Munich's Nussbaumpark .


  • Adam Politzer : History of Ear Medicine. 2 volumes, Enke, Stuttgart 1907 and 1913, Volume 2 (From 1850 to 1911), pp. 271–273.
  • Wolfgang G. Locher: Bezold, Friedrich. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 173.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wolfgang G. Locher: Bezold, Friedrich. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil, Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. Gruyter, 2004, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 173.