Gallscheid court

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Gallscheid Court (also Galgenscheider Court or (after Schöneck Castle ) Herrschaft Schönecken ) was an administrative and judicial district within the Upper Office of Boppard of the Electorate of Trier . It got its name from a parcel of land near Dörth east of Emmelshausen , where the blood court presumably came together.

Associated localities

According to the Trier fire book of 1563 and later records, the Gallscheider court included the following places:

(Fst. = Fireplaces or households; Ew. = Residents)

place 1563 1684 1787 today
Basselscheid 6 Fst. 8 Fst. 72 Ew. Emmelshausen , Basselscheid district
Bulging 47 Fst. 28 Fst. 266 Ew. Bulging
Bickenbach 21 Fst. 16 Fst. 169 Ew. Bickenbach
Buchholz 16 Fst. 18 Fst. 194 Ew. Boppard , Buchholz district
Dieler 3 Fst. 2 Fst. Ney , district of Dieler
Dörth 5 Fst. 5 Fst. 107 Ew. Dörth
Halsenbach 15 Fst. 13 Fst. 155 Ew. Halsenbach
House bay (part) 7 Fst. 8 Fst. 28 Ew. House bay
Herschwiesen with Schöneck Castle 4 Fst. 7 Fst. 108 Ew. Boppard , Herschwiesen district
Huebingen 4 Fst. 4 Fst. Boppard , Oppenhausen district
Kratzenburg 11 Fst. 9 Fst. 126 Ew. Kratzenburg
Linger tap 18 Fst. 12 feet 180 Ew. Linger tap
Mermicherhof 5 Fst. 3 Fst. Halsenbach , Mermicherhof district
Morshausen 38 Fst. 19 Fst. 167 Ew. Morshausen
Ney 10 feet 12 feet 102 Ew. Ney
Oppenhausen 13 Fst. 9 Fst. 122 Ew. Boppard , Oppenhausen district
Rome 6 Fst. 133 Ew. Castles , district of Rome
Thörlingen 6 Fst. 3 Fst. 84 Ew. Thörlingen
Udenhausen 11 Fst. 11 Fst. 108 Ew. Boppard , Udenhausen district
Windhausen Boppard , Herschwiesen district

Notes on the number of inhabitants in 1787:

  1. Dieler included in Ney
  2. Huebingen at Oppenhausen included
  3. Mermicherhof near Halsenbach included
  4. Windhausen at Herschwiesen included

The fire book of 1563 lists places belonging to the court with a special position, which are presumably to be associated with an earlier Reich affiliation: "[...] in the Gallenscheider, and as a sunderous ingericht [...] it is kept particularly free and exempt. Schwall (der Hof), Leiningen, Nairathe (Norath), Pfalzfeldtt, Ober- and Nidergunterßhusen, Liessenfeldtt and Mermonth, Erenberg, Schloß, Hof, Mühle, ein dall (district of Brodenbach (Ehrenburgertal?)), Norterßhusen, Rome (district Castles) ".

Geographical location

17th century map. Presumably drawn to illustrate the locations of the court

The Gallscheider court office extended from the Rhine-Moselle watershed on the Vorderhunsrück to the Moselle . With the exception of the Rohm district of Burgen and part of Brodenbach on the Moselle , the towns were mainly located on the plateaus between the Ehrbach and Baybach tributaries . The place of execution was, following old maps and modern measuring sheets, named Gallscheid there, near an almost 500 m above sea level. NN lying hill east of Emmelshausen . The office was divided into the 4 parishes of Beulich , Bickenbach, Halsenbach and Herschwiesen .


In 1259, King Wilhelm of Holland pledged the court and bailiwick of Galginscheid from imperial property to Konrad von Schöneck (first mentioned). In 1315 King Ludwig the Bavarian pledged the court to Archbishop Baldwin of Luxembourg . Against the expansion and presumably also the conditions of the Kaiserslauter peace of the Trier bishop, the Schönecker defended themselves unsuccessfully in the Eltz feud and had to recognize the Trier suzerainty in 1354. Johann von Schoeneck wore his rule in 1453 Kurtrier to feud on. In 1508, the male line of Schöneck died out. The office was assigned to the office of Boppard and thus to the Electorate of Trier as a Reich pledge that was never redeemed . Boppard's bailiff became the chief judge representing Trier. The judicial district existed as a Gallscheid court until the French times at the end of the 18th century.

Administrative headquarters

Map from the beginning of the 19th century. First geometric cartography of the region. Place names of the French original partly added later in High German. The almost vertical red line was the Route de Coblentz à Mayence , which the modern Hunsrückhöhenstrasse (B 327) and the Bundesautobahn 61 follow in parts.

The Lords of Schöneck as Reich governed and later as representatives of the Trier Elector administered the judicial district from Schöneck Castle . Elsewhere, Halsenbach is also mentioned as the central location of the court. Judgment on simple criminal matters could also be held in the towns by mayors and lay judges. The place of execution for executions was, following old maps and district names, on a hill east of Emmelshausen .

Blood dish

Blood jurisdiction was then exercised by the executioner of the Electorate of Trier von Wellmich , the lower jurisdiction such as for theft, sorcery and other criminal offenses kept the Schönecks and their successors. The governor, who had to live in the judicial district, should seize the perpetrator and bring him to the castle. The judicial district, however, was larger than the rule and went as far as the Moselle.

In a 500 m high forest in the northern part of the district of Dörth with the field name Gallscheid at the intersection of two long-distance roads that already existed in prehistoric times, there were three large, legendary burial mounds that a farmer excavated in 1851 and uncovered a prince's grave. The court must have met in this "holy" place and, if necessary , must have set up a gallows there.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Johann Josef Klein: History of Boppard, 1909, p. 91, digitized .
  2. ^ Peter Brommer: The offices of Kurtrier. Manorial rule, jurisdiction, taxation and residents. Edition of the so-called fire book from 1563 . Society for Middle Rhine Church History , Trier 2003, ISBN 3-929135-40-X , p. 123 ff. ( Online at
  3. ^ Wilhelm Fabricius : Explanations of the historical atlas of the Rhine province, Volume 2: The map of 1789. Bonn, Hermann Behrend, 1898, pp. 133, 154
  4. ^ Nicolaus Person, Dioecesis Trevirensis Tractus Mosellanus Inferior , Mainz 1689
  5. ^ Map of the district administration of the Rhein-Hunsrück district, Koblenz 1997
  6. ^ M. Nicolay-Panter, Protection of the Peace under Baldwin of Luxembourg in Balduin v. Luxemburg 1285-1354 , Middle Rhine Church History Volume 53, Mainz 1985
  7. P. Brommer, Die Ämter des Kurtrier , p. 124
  8. P. Brommer, Die Ämter Kurtrier, Karte Amt Boppard p. 113,