The municipality of Nessebar ( Bulgarian Община Несебър ) is a Bulgarian municipality in the east of the country and belongs to the province of Burgas . The community center is the port city of Nessebar .
The municipality borders in the north on the municipality Bjala in the province of Varna , in the west on the municipality Pomorie and in the south and east on the Black Sea . The Cape Emine is the easternmost point of the community and of the country and the northernmost point of the Bay of Bourgas .
The city council of Nessebar consists of the mayor and the number of 21 city council members required by the municipal code. The city council is re-elected every four years, the next election is in 2015. The distribution of seats in the city council has been as follows since the last local elections on October 23, 2011, with a turnout of 72.78%:
|Political party||Election result 2011||+ / - *||Votes||Seats||+ / - *|
|More||30.03%||+ 11.34%||4.012||7th||+ 2|
|GERB||18.69%||k. A.||2,496||5||+ 5|
|Bulgarian Social Democrats||14.41%||+ 7.56%||1.925||4th||(=)|
|Liberal Union Nessebar||9.10%||k. A.||1,216||2||+ 2|
|Political Club of Thrace||6.34%||k. A.||847||2||+ 2|
|New Beginning Coalition and Blue Coalition||5.97%||k. A.||798||1||+ 1|
|(* Change compared to 2007 local elections)|
The city council also functions as the local council and is responsible for overseeing all mayors of the localities. The municipality Nessebar (bulg. Община Несебър / Nessebar Obtschina) also includes the towns of Nessebar , Sveti Vlas and Obzor and villages Banja , Gjuljowza , Emona , Kosniza , Kosharitsa , Orisare , Panizowo , Priselzi , Rawda , Rakowskowo , Tankowo . The entire municipality has a population of 28,469 inhabitants.
The Sunny Beach tourist resort is also located in the municipality. It is the largest tourist resort in the country and is managed as a national spa by the Bulgarian government, the municipality of Nessebar and representatives of the hotel owners.
The nearest airports are Burgas (approx. 25 km) and Varna (approx. 100 km), whereby the journey from the latter is via a two-lane pass road through the Balkan Mountains and can take up to three hours. The route Burgas- Pomorie- Nessebar-Sunny Beach-Varna takes place on the 1st order national road I / 9 , which is part of the European route 87 . While the Burgas-Sunny Beach route is largely two-lane (as of June 2012), the Nessebar-Varna route is largely single-lane. The national road I / 9 is the main route for the arrival and departure of tourists in the areas north of Burgas as well as an important national and international road between Burgas and Varna, or between the Bulgarian-Turkish and Bulgarian-Romanian borders . A four-lane expressway connecting Nessebar with Burgas is currently under construction and should be completed in 2013. The construction of the A4 Black Sea motorway is also planned.
The municipalities are not connected to the Bulgarian rail network. The nearest train station is in Burgas (→ Verkehr in Burgas ), opposite the south bus station (Awtogara jug).
The high-speed boat ferry, the Soviet-built Raketa hydrofoil, which ran regularly between Sozopol, Burgas, Nessebar, Varna and Istanbul in the 1970s and 80s , was discontinued for financial reasons in the early 1990s - when the economy and tourism in Bulgaria fell into disrepair Resumed in 2012 with two hydrofoils that operate daily between Sozopol, Nessebar and Varna.
The port of Nessebar is the largest in the municipality and is regularly approached by passenger ships. There are other smaller harbors, especially yacht harbors, in Sweti Vlast and Obzor.
- Nessebar Archaeological Museum
- Nessebar Ethnographic Museum
- Early Byzantine thermal baths in Nessebar
- Muskojani's house in Nessebar
- House of Captain Pavel in Nessebar
- Skulew's house in Nessebar
- Obzor clock tower
- Old Metropolitan Church in Nessebar from the 5th / 6th centuries century
- Basilica by the sea in Nessebar from the second half of the 6th century
- Johannes Aliturgetos Church in Nessebar, from the middle of the 14th century
- Sweta Petka Church in Nessebar from 1236
- Archangel Michael Church in Nessebar
- Theodoros Church in Nessebar
- St. Paraskeva in Nessebar
- Archangel Church Michael and Gabriel in Nessebar
- St. Spas (Church of the Savior) in Nessebar, from the 17th century
- Christos Pantokrator Church in Nessebar from the 13th / 14th centuries century
- Sweti Stefan Church , also called New Metropolitan Church, from the 14th century in Nessebar
- Sophienkirche in Nessebar
- Holy Mother of God in Nessebar
- John the Baptist in Obzor, from 1905
- John the Baptist in Ravda, from 1884
- St. Paraskeva in Orisare, from 1869
- St. Paraskeva in Tankovo, from 2005
- Holy Trinity in Panizowo, from 2010
- St. Athanasius the Great in Sveti Vlas, from 1866
- St. Vlas in Sveti Vlas, from 2010
- Chapel of St. Constantine and Helena in Rakovskovo, from 2002
- Chapel of St. Dimitar in Priselzi, from 2001
- Fortresses and earth walls
- Nessebar fortress wall
- Kozjak fortress near Obzor
- Fortress Heliopolis near Obzor
- Gjuljowza fortress
- Aristeum fortress near Emona
- Panizowo Fortress
- Fortress Germe near Priselzi
- Rakovskovo Fortress
- Strolata fortress near Acheloj
- Chimus fortress near Acheloj
- Bata fortress
- Gaberowo Fortress
- Kableschkovo fortress
- Kazitscheno fortress
- Koznitsa Castle
- Defensive wall at Obzor
- Defense wall near Panizowo
- Defensive wall at Priselzi
- Defensive wall near Kazitscheno
- Roman earth wall at Obzor
- Earth wall at Koznitsa
- Earth wall at Kazitscheno
Nature and protected areas
- Irakli Nature Reserve
- Kalinata nature reserve near Koschariza
- Sand dunes nature reserve near Rawda
- Cape Emine
The Kom-Emine mountain hiking trail begins in the northern part of the municipality and runs along the main ridge of the Balkan Mountains to the Serbian border and is part of the E3 European long-distance hiking trail .
- Central Election Commission: Final results of the 2011 local elections in Nessebar. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 26, 2011 ; Retrieved October 31, 2011 (Bulgarian). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Central Election Commission: Final results of the 2007 local elections in Nessebar. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on January 2, 2012 ; Retrieved September 7, 2011 (Bulgarian). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Places that belong to the municipality of Nessebar ( Memento of the original from December 25, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The boat ferries "Kometa" should resume their service. Travel portal bgizlet.com, accessed on May 23, 2012 (Bulgarian).
- Official website. Bulgarian Hydrofoil Ltd. Retrieved on July 25, 2012 (website of the operator of the hydrofoil “Kometa”).