Georg Greflinger

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Georg Greflinger (also Graefinger, Grefflinger, Grevlinger, Greblinger , pseud. Celadon or celadon , * around 1620 in Neunburg vorm Wald , † 1677 in Hamburg ) was a German poet and writer . He is considered the first German-speaking newspaper editor in today's sense to develop a publication concept that was modern at the time for the Nordic Mercurius .


Greflinger attended the Protestant high school Poeticum in Regensburg . After a long wandering he came to Hamburg via Vienna , Danzig and Frankfurt am Main . The current state of research is still a bit sketchy here.

In 1646 Greflinger settled down as a writer in the Hanseatic city . Already in 1654 he was succeeded by his friend Johann Rist for poet laureate crowned and the Elbschwanenorden added. As a poet name he used celadon and celadon . In Hamburg , Greflinger was extremely productive both as a translator and as an occasional poet. Dünnhaupt records almost 500 individual prints, but given the Hamburg war losses, its overall production could have been even more significant. His translation of the Cid by Pierre Corneille (the first in Germany) achieved a literary historical reputation .

In 1663/65 Greflinger began to publish the newspaper Norddeutscher Mercurius , which was continued by his sons until 1730. Here he arranged the news according to thematic rubrics, dealt with relevant topics in more detail and even included local news. He used various columnist elements. The first newspaper novel to appear was The Discovery of the Isle of Pines , which was utopian, but was understood by readers as a true report at the time. Greflinger is one of the earliest German journalists . The departmental system that is common today is largely due to him.


In Regensburg an important connecting road is named after Greflinger and in Hamburg a street in the Hamburg-Winterhude district .


Reprint ed. with commentary by Peter M. Ehrle, Fink, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-7705-2126-9
  • Ethica complementoria… Complementier booklet. Werner, Hamburg 1646
  • Poetic roses and thorns, pods and grains. s. n., Hamburg 1655
  • Celadon's Worldly Songs . Frankfurt / M. 1651
  • To his company
  • Celadonic Musa . Hamburg 1663.


List of works and references
  • Gerhard Dünnhaupt : Georg Greflinger (1620? –1677) , in: Personalbibliographien zu den Druck des Barock , Vol. 3. Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3-7772-9105-6 , pp. 1680–1751
Individual studies
  • Johann W. Hammer: Georg Greflinger, a Regensburg journalist in the 17th century , in: Regensburger Almanach (1988), 155–156
  • Franz Heiduk : Georg Greflinger - New data on life and work , in: Daphnis 9 (1980), pp. 191-207
  • Claudia Sedlarz: Georg Greflinger's contribution to the reception of Ripa's <Iconologia> in Germany . Mag.-Work. Munich 1989 ( full text online ; PDF file; 13.61 MB)
  • Peter Wild: A Regensburg journalist in the 17th century , in: Negotiations of the Historical Association for Upper Palatinate and Regensburg 54 (1904), pp. 157–166
  • Astrid Dröse: Georg Greflinger and the secular song in the 17th century . Berlin / Boston 2015.

Related articles

Web links

Wikisource: Georg Greflinger  - Sources and full texts