Sea wood dish
The sea wood dish consisted of the villages:
- Sea wood
The main town and administrative center was Meerholz, where the count's castle was located, to which the common church for the inhabitants of Meerholz and Hailer also belonged. The court had 4011 inhabitants in 1821 .
The sea wood dish emerged from the Ysenburg-Büdingen-Meerholz court of Ysenburg's secondary school . This was mediated with the Rhine Federation Act 1806 in the new Principality of Isenburg . The area of the former county of Ysenburg and Büdingen in Meerholz became a district of the new sovereign principality. But the new principality was not able to maintain its independence in the long term either: The Congress of Vienna initially brought about Austria, which surrendered the territory of the counts to the Grand Duke of Hesse (Hesse-Darmstadt) with the stipulation that it should cooperate with the Electorate of Hesse (Hesse- Kassel) to agree on a division; this happened with the Territorial Compensation Treaty concluded in the middle of 1816. Half of the area north of the Main - including the Meerholz court - came to Kurhessen. As noblemen, the Counts of Ysenburg-Büdingen-Meerholz continued to exercise sovereign rights otherwise exercised by the state in the Meerholz court (and in the Gründau or Lieblos court), but these were taken from them over the years between 1821 and 1848:
- With the administrative reform in Electorate Hesse, after Elector Wilhelm II took office , the district of Gelnhausen was formed with effect from January 1, 1822, based on the electoral ordinance of June 29, 1821 , to which the Meerholz court belonged. The Ysenburger retained some of the sovereign rights in administration and justice. The responsible district councilor (later district administrator) only carried out the state police tasks, as well as financial and military matters. The counts of Ysenburg and Büdingen (only the Büdingen line became princes, but not until 1840 and the Wächtersbacher line in 1865, the landlords of the Meerholz line were counts until the line was extinguished) continued to have patrimonial jurisdiction , as well as extensive rights in the school and church system . So there was a separate sub-consistory for the sea wood court.
- In 1823 the rulers in the Electorate of Hesse lost their property tax exemption .
- In 1829 the joint justice office of the House of Ysenburg was dissolved; it was the appeal instance in the proceedings before the patrimonial jurisdiction based in Meerholz. Their powers were transferred to the Higher Court in Hanau (the predecessor institution of today's Hanau Regional Court ).
- This status was confirmed again in 1833 in the course of the electoral reaction to the revolution of 1830 .
- It was only after the next revolution, in 1848 , that the special rights of the rulers were abolished in the Electorate of Hesse by a law of November 13, 1849. The Meerholz court ceased to exist as an independent administrative and judicial unit.
The Electorate of Hesse was on the losing side in the German War in 1866 and was annexed by Prussia . After the Second World War , the area of the former Meerholz court in the Gelnhausen district became part of the newly formed state of Greater Hesse in the American occupation zone of Germany in 1945 and of the state of Hesse in 1946 . As part of the regional reform in Hesse , it became part of the Main-Kinzig district on July 1, 1974 as part of the Gelnhausen district .
- Thomas Klein: Outline of the German administrative history 1815-1845 . Row A: Prussia. Volume 11: Hessen-Nassau including predecessor states. Marburg 1979, p. 110
- Thomas Klein: Outline of the German administrative history 1815-1845 . Row A: Prussia. Volume 11: Hessen-Nassau including predecessor states. Marburg 1979, p. 111
- Convention Territorial entre le Grand Duc de Hesse et Electeur de Hesse . - Signèe à Francfort sur Mein, le 29 Juin, 1816. British and Foreign State Papers 1815-1816, Volume 3, Compiled by the Librarian and Keeper of the Papers, Foreign Office, James Ridgway and Sons, Piccadilly, London 1838, pp. 812–819 (mostly in German)
- Thomas Klein: Outline of the German administrative history 1815-1845 . Row A: Prussia. Volume 11: Hessen-Nassau including predecessor states. Marburg 1979, p. 29
- Ordinance of June 29, 1821 on the restructuring of the previous state administration. In: Collection of laws, ordinances, announcements and other general orders for Kurhessen from 1821 (Hof- und Waisenhaus-Druckerei, Cassel) 1821, pp. 29–62; also in: Wilhelm Möller and Karl Fuchs (eds.): Collection of the legal provisions still valid in the Electorate of Hesse from 1813 to 1860. Elwert'sche Universitäts-Buchhandlung, Marburg and Leipzig 1866, pp. 311–351
- Johann Peter Eyring: The district of Hanau . In: Georg-Wilhelm Hanna (arrangement): The district of Hanau and its district administrators . Ed .: Kreissparkasse Hanau . Hanau 1989, p. 8; Thomas Klein: Outline of German administrative history 1815–1845 . Row A: Prussia. Volume 11: Hessen-Nassau including predecessor states. Marburg 1979, p. 29
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 367 .