Gustav Gugitz (local history researcher)

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Gustav Gugitz (born April 9, 1874 in Vienna , † March 3, 1964 in Rekawinkel ) was an Austrian homeland researcher , folklorist and cultural historian .

Photo by Max Fenichel


Gugitz studied theater history at the University of Vienna and lived as a descendant of a famous and wealthy Carinthian family as a writer and private scholar. Due to the inflation after the First World War, he became impoverished and as a result had to earn his living and that of his family through activities in publishing houses, antiquarian bookshops and finally as an employee of the Vienna City Library . Since Gugitz, whose political views were responsible for breaking off the long-term collaboration with the Jewish collector and private scholar Max von Portheim as early as 1916, joined the NSDAP as a staunch fascist in 1926 , he was no longer as a librarian after the end of the so-called “ Third Reich ” portable.

In the period from 1896 until his death, his scientific work appeared in 371 titles. For almost ninety years of his life, Gugitz dealt with the history of the city of Vienna, with general cultural history and with religious folklore. Fundamental and very extensive works established his fame as a cultural historian and as a “historiographer of the Viennese”. He was also active as a literary historian and in 1910 published the reprint of the pornographic novel "Sister Monika tells and learns ...", published anonymously in 1815, which he attributed to the main representative of the "black romanticism" ETA Hoffmann . The vast majority of Hoffmann researchers ( Hans von Müller , Carl Georg von Maassen and others) did not share this opinion.

Gugitz left behind a Viennensia library comprising around 6,000 volumes (today the Vienna Library in the City Hall ) and a collection of devotional images comprising over 3,000 images , which has now become part of the holdings of the Austrian Folklore Museum in Vienna.


On the occasion of his 85th birthday in 1959, he was awarded the Medal of Honor by the Federal Capital of Vienna for his services as the most versatile and most recognized writer in Vienna at the time. On the occasion of his 80th birthday in 1954, the Austrian Museum of Folklore published a commemorative publication in which important folklorists from Austria and Germany participated. After his death, Gugitz was buried in an honorary grave at the Gersthofer Friedhof (group 1, row 1, number 27) .

In 1966, Gugitzgasse in the 19th district of Döbling in Vienna was named after him.


  • Life! A Viennese story. Bruns, Minden [1901].
  • The family tree and other short stories. Bruns, Minden [1903].
  • Johann Pezzl. On his 150th birthday In: Yearbook of the Grillparzer Society. Vol. 16, 1906, p. 164 ff.
  • The Werther fever in Austria. A collection of reprints. Vienna 1908.
  • Writers - publishers - audience. 10-year almanac from Georg Müller-Verlag. Munich 1913, p. 56 ff.
  • Old Viennese pictures and characters. Vienna 1920 (together with Emil Karl Blümml ).
  • Giacomo Casanova and his life novel. Historical studies on his memoirs. Strache, Vienna 1921.
  • About people and times in old Vienna. Vienna 1922 (together with Emil Karl Blümml).
  • The beautiful woman from Linz. A contribution to the moral history of old Linz. Linz 1929.
  • On religious customs in Upper Austria. Forgotten from Josephine enlightenment writings. In: Heimatgaue. Vol. 15, 1934, p. 16 ff.
  • The Turkish motif in the places of grace of the Ostmark In: Yearbook for regional studies of the Ostmark. Vol. 28, 1938, p. 363 ff.
  • Bibliography on the history and urban history of Vienna. Along with references to sources and literature. 5 volumes. Published by the Association for Regional Studies of Lower Austria and Vienna. Vienna 1947–1962.
  • The year and its festivals in the folk custom of Austria. Folklore studies. 2 volumes. Vienna 1949–1950.
  • The small devotional image in the Austrian sanctuaries, in representation, distribution and customs, together with an iconigraphy. Vienna 1950.
  • Lower Austrian cup stones in popular belief. In: Austrian magazine for folklore . Vol. IV / 53, 1950, pp. 97 ff.
  • The sagas and legends of the city of Vienna. Vienna 1952.
  • Austria's places of worship in cult and custom. A topographical handbook in religious folklore. 5 volumes Vienna 1955–1958.
  • Carinthian sanctuaries in the graphics of their devotional pictures (= book series of the State Museum for Carinthia. Vol. 13). Klagenfurt 1963.
  • Bio-Bibliographical Literature Lexicon of Austria. From the beginning to the present. Vienna 1964 (together with Hans Giebisch).
  • The images of grace in Linz and their distribution through the small devotional image In: Art Yearbook of the City of Linz. Linz 1965, p. 5 ff.
As editor
  • Anonymous: Sister Monika tells and learns. An erotic-psychological-physical-philanthropic-philanthropic document of the secularized monastery X. in S ... ETA Hoffmann attributed u. ed. by Gustav Gugitz. Ludwig, Vienna 1910; Reprint: Gala, Hamburg 1965.
  • Joris-Karl Huysmans : Down there! . 2 volumes. Translated by Gustav Gugitz. Magazin-Verlag J. Hegner, Leipzig 1903. (Kulturhistorische Liebhaberbibliothek. Vol. 6-7).


  • Leopold Schmidt (ed.): Culture and people. Contributions to folklore from Austria, Bavaria and Switzerland. Festschrift for Gustav Gugitz on his 80th birthday (= publications of the Austrian Museum of Folklore. ZDB -ID 984973-7 , vol. 5). Self-published by the Austrian Museum of Folklore, Vienna 1954 (contains a biographical preface by Leopold Schmidt).
  • Leopold Schmidt: Gustav Gugitz Bibliography. In: Art Yearbook of the City of Linz. ISSN  0454-6601 , 1965, p. 27 ff.
  • Karl Cajka: All Viennese roads lead via Gugitz. Personal memories of the Viennensia old master. In: wien aktuell. ISSN  0043-5279 , Vol. 14, 1974, p. 29.
  • Helga Peterson: Gustav Gugitz. Life and work. Dissertation, University of Vienna, 2003 (typewritten).
  • Reinhard Buchberger: “Dear Doctor!” - Max von Portheim's letters to Gustav Gugitz. In the S. u. a. (Ed.): Collecting Portheim & getting lost. The library and the Max von Portheim card catalog in the Vienna Library. Special number, Vienna 2007, pp. 72–89.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gustav Gugitz (historian) in the Vienna History Wiki of the City of Vienna
  2. See Reinhard Buchberger u. a. (Ed.): Collecting Portheim & getting lost. Vienna 2007, p. 64, and Helga Peterson: Gustav Gugitz. Life and work. Dissertation, University of Vienna, 2003, pp. 208 ff.
  3. ^ Viennese street names and their historical significance , accessed on January 8, 2013.