Hans Schneiderhöhn

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Hans Schneiderhöhn (born June 2, 1887 in Mainz , † August 5, 1962 in Sölden (Black Forest) ) was a German mineralogist and geologist .

Live and act

After his graduation Hans Schneiderhöhn studied in the period 1905-1909 mineralogy at the universities of Freiburg, Munich and finally casting, where he in 1909 when Erich Kaiser Dr. phil. received his doctorate . Two years later he became Theodor Liebisch's first assistant at the University of Berlin , where he stayed until 1914. The First World War surprised him in what was then German South West Africa (now Namibia ), where he worked as a geologist for the Otavi Mining and Railway Company . Cut off by the modest available equipment and from the outside world, he developed over the next four years, the ore microscopy on a previously unattainable in practice status. With this expertise, he returned after the war, where he in 1919 at the University of Frankfurt habilitated .

A year later he accepted a call to his old Justus Liebig University in Giessen , where he was appointed professor first as an associate professor and a little later as a full professor. In 1924 he moved to the RWTH Aachen University as full professor for mineralogy, petrography and deposit theory . There he was replaced by Paul Ramdohr when he accepted a call to the Freiburg Albert Ludwig University in 1926 , where he finally stayed until his retirement. In 1936 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina .

Hans Schneiderhöhn worked in the field of mineralogical, microscopic and geological research into ore deposits . His focus was on the investigation and interpretation of the sedimentary ores of the sulfur cycle ; the geochemical basics of the formation of deposits and their evaluation for raw material issues; the deposit systematics; the creation of regenerated deposits; the integration of the formation of deposits in geotectonic contexts. He was also the author of numerous specialist books and articles for various specialist journals.

In the course of his professional years, Schneiderhöhn was a member of several renowned institutions. Among other things, he was:

Finally, he was the namesake of the Hans Schneiderhöhn Prize for special merits of the Rheinische Naturforschenden Gesellschaft (RNG) and the Natural History Museum Mainz .

In his honor, Joachim Ottemann, Bernhard Nuber and Bruno H. Geier named an Fe 2+ -Fe 3+ arsenite mineral found in the second oxidation zone of the Tsumeb Mine in 1973 as Schneiderhöhnite .

Fonts (selection)

  • Instructions for the microscopic determination and examination of ores and processing products, especially in incident light . Berlin: Ges. German metalworks and miners, 1922
  • Textbook of ore microscopy (with Paul Ramdohr; 2 parts, Berlin: Gebr. Borntraeger, 1931–34)
  • Textbook of ore deposit science (1941)
  • Development of mineralogical and geological knowledge of the earth in the 19th century (1948)
  • Introduction to Crystallography (1949)
  • Ore microscopic internship. Stuttgart : Schweizerbart'sche Verlagbuchhandlung, 1952
  • The ore deposits of the earth (of which only the first two volumes were completed 1958-61)
    • Volume 1. The ore deposits of early crystallization (1958)
    • Volume 2. Die Pegmatite (1961) This volume in particular is considered a masterpiece of mineralogy.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Member entry by Hans Schneiderhöhn at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on March 24, 2016.
  2. Joachim Ottemann, Bernhard Nuber, Bruno H. Geier: Schneiderhönit, a natural iron-arsenic oxide from the deep oxidation zone of Tsumeb . In: New yearbook for mineralogy, monthly books . tape 1973 , 1973, pp. 517-523 .