Heinrich Gustav Flörke

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Heinrich Gustav Flörke

Heinrich Gustav Flörke , actually Gustav Floerke (born December 24, 1764 in Altkalen , † November 6, 1835 in Rostock ) was a German Evangelical Lutheran clergyman, doctor and botanist. His botanical author's abbreviation is " Flörke ".


Heinrich Gustav Flörke was the third son of Praepositus (Leopold Friedrich) Conrad Flörke (1729–1787) and his wife, the pastor's daughter Auguste Christiane, née. Schmidt (* 1735). Flörke grew up with (at least) eight (half) siblings in a strictly pietistic household. The lawyer and composer Friedrich Jakob Flörke (1758–1799) and the theologian, educator and writer Ernst Flörke (1767–1830) were his brothers, the educator Albrecht Flörke (1777–1848) his half-brother from his father's second marriage.

Flörke attended the city school in Bützow from 1772 to 1775 . In 1782 he began studying Protestant theology at the University of Bützow and was exempt from paying the registration fee because of his father's merits . In 1786 he can be traced back to Rostock as a register holder . After completing his studies, he worked as a private tutor and court master for Gustav Dietrich von Oertzen auf Kittendorf , whom he accompanied to the universities of Göttingen and Rostock. 1790 is a stud book entry in Rostock. Schmidt / von Oertzen / Pauli / Floerke / Schröder / von Blücher / Schütz with a broken point and two crossed clubs as well as the vandal circle an early evidence of the existence of vandal connections as a forerunner of the corps . Above the entry are the first letters of the words of the vandal motto. Our flag, so bloody red, admonishes us never to shy away from death! In 1794 he was appointed pastor in Kittendorf. He resigned from office on April 17, 1797, "because he could not cope with the belief in the symbolic books of our church."

Then he went to the University of Jena to study medicine and botany and went on botanical hikes through Germany. In Berlin he became a librarian of the Society of Friends of Natural Sciences in Berlin and a member of the Literary Society Tunnel over the Spree . From 1800 to 1813, after the death of his brother, he oversaw the publication of volumes 78 to 123 of the Economic Encyclopedia .

In 1816 he was appointed professor of botany and natural history in Rostock as the successor to Ludolph Christian Treviranus , and in 1817 he became a master. In 1827/28 he was rector of the university and dean of the philosophy faculty several times. He conducts extensive correspondence with Heinrich Julius Tode and in 1819 he was the founder of the Philomathische Gesellschaft in Rostock. From 1820 he was a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina . His academic name was Witheringius . The Mecklenburg Patriotic Association , whose general secretary he was as successor to Lorenz Karsten from 1830, appointed him an honorary member.

His specialty was lichenology, where he was a leader.

Dedication names

Floerkea proserpinacoides


  • Description of the German dust lichens. 1807
  • Repertory of the latest and most worth knowing from all natural history. 5 volumes, 1811–1813
  • Systematic German lichen collection. 1-6 Delivery, 1812-1819
  • German lichenes collected and annotated. 1815 ( digitized version )
  • (Ed.) New annals of the Mecklenburg Agricultural Society. 1820-1831
  • Conversations from the field of natural science. 12 volumes, 1820-1825
  • About the condition of the serfs in Mecklenburg. In: »New Gallery of the Charlataneries« 1803
  • About the imperfection of the Low German language and the desired complete banishment of this dialect, at least formed from the circles of people who want to be. 1825
  • De Cladoniis, deffallimo lichenum genere, commentatio nova. 1828
  • About superstition. 1832


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. IPNI
  2. Entry in the Rostock matriculation portal
  3. ^ Register of records in the register of EJS Hommel ( UB Rostock ) on April 4, 1786.
  4. W. Richter: The vandal connection to Rostock 1750-1824 , in: Einst und Jetzt Volume 21 (1976), p. 15 ff. (P. 20 with reference to Bauer / Pietzsch: Critical to the early history of the Göttingen and Heidelberg vandals , in: Once and Now Volume 14 (1969), p. 150)
  5. See Freimüthiges Abendblatt. Schwerin 1836, No. 912. --- Cf. also N.Monthshefte by Meckl. 1797, p. 235: After that, the further circumstance prompted him to resign from his office, "that he was so extraordinary with what is naturally great stupidity and fearfulness spoke quickly so that his common audience could barely understand the tenth word in his lectures. He worked on it for a long time, and went to great lengths to get rid of this persistent mistake, but in vain. " [WILLGEROTH]
  6. JDF Neigebaur : History of the Imperial Leopoldino-Carolinian German Academy of Natural Scientists during the second century of its existence. Friedrich Frommann, Jena 1860, p. 251
  7. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names . Extended Edition. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Free University Berlin Berlin 2018. [1]