Jacques Rotter

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Jacques Rotter (born November 21, 1878 in Lemberg , Austria-Hungary ; † April 11, 1972 in Vienna ; also Jaques Rotter , Hans Rotter , Jack Rotter , Jakob (Jacques) Lauterstein , Jakob Lautterstein , Stefan Putzi-Plattner , C. Seidl ) was an Austrian tenor .


Rotter was born Jakob Lautterstein on November 21, 1878 in Lemberg , Galicia , but grew up in Sopron, Hungary , and went to school in Vienna. There, in the choir of the Carl Theater , his singing career began before he was entrusted with smaller solo tasks. After a performance as a lyric tenor, where he was very successful, he went on tour: in 1911 he sang in Budapest, in 1912 in Dresden.

The First World War interrupted Rotters artistic career; he had to enlist and could only continue his way as an entertainment singer after completing his military service.

After engagements at various theaters, Samuel Schöngut brought him to his “Etablissement Ronacher ”, a large Viennese variety theater , in 1922 . In 1924 he sang in the Mary-Bar, Vienna 1, Johannesgasse 37. In 1928 'the popular Viennese song singer' made a guest appearance together with the soubrette Charlotte Waldow in the Café Sachergarten, Helenental .

In addition, he successfully tried his hand as an entrepreneur in the catering trade: he opened a restaurant at Elisabethstrasse 4 in Vienna, which he ran until 1929. In that year he opened his “Rotter Opern-Bar” in Goldschmiedgasse 7, which was to become a meeting place for prominent artists in Vienna. From Robert Stolz to Richard Tauber to Joséphine Baker , they all frequented the exclusive entertainment venue, where the boss himself sang.

After Hitler's troops marched into Austria in 1938, Rotter fled to Paris before the persecution of politically and racially undesirable people, which was now intensifying. Together with colleagues who had also fled, such as Oskar Karlweis and Karl Farkas , he performed there in the cabaret of the noble restaurant “L'Impératrice”, which also became a meeting point for artists, but this time for the emigrants who fled to France from Austria and the “Reich”. On January 10, 1943, he was arrested by the Gestapo in Lyon and held until January 18. From January 19 to November 15, 1943, he was imprisoned in a labor camp near Lyon. He was only able to flee with a comrade on November 16.

He survived the occupation of France by the German Wehrmacht, submerged, in hiding. After two months he managed to go back to Paris with forged papers, where he waited for the liberation. He was only able to return to Vienna in the spring of 1946.

There he took over his restaurant again, which had been continued by his wife and daughter. His guests now included American, British, French and Russian officers instead of the Viennese operetta celebrities. But now his singing appearances are becoming increasingly rare.

Rotter is gradually withdrawing from the show business for reasons of age. He died on April 11, 1972 in Vienna.


Jacques Rotter enjoyed great popularity in the German-speaking world in the first half of the 20th century. This was due to his versatility, because he sang light classical vocal pieces, songs from operettas and cabaret, folk music as well as Viennese songs and current daily hits.

He was able to fall back on first-rate lyricists for hits and cabaret songs: Fritz Loewy / Loehner alias Beda , Peter Herz , Hermann Leopoldi , Arthur Rebner , Willy Rosen , Fritz Rotter and Theodor Waldau alias Wauwau.

A particular specialty of Rotter were his erotic chansons, in which he hit a very personal, intimate note accompanied only by piano or piano and violin.

The up-and-coming record industry could of course use such a versatile singer, which is why Rotter developed into one of the busiest and most successful artists of this new medium in Austria. As early as 1912, in addition to his traditional, European-influenced repertoire, he also ventured into new, American forms of music. B. Ragtime songs like Max Hoffmann's "Zamona" on the gramophone record.

Rotter was probably not contractually bound to a specific company. 78 rpm shellac recordings of him have been handed down on a wide variety of labels : on Favorite, Zonophone and Columbia until around the mid-1920s, then at Gramophone / HMV and their German and Austrian subsidiaries Electrola and Gramola, at Ultraphon and at the Lindström brands Odeon and Parlophon / Beka. Even after 1930 he could be heard on smaller brands such as the Austrian flexible plate Novaphon. Pressings of HMV dies on American “Victor” plates even carried his fame overseas.

When Anton Zilzer was not accompanying him solo on the piano or, together with Dol Dauber , violin, or Isy Geiger, violin, Rotter appeared with almost all of the orchestras that were well-known in Austria and Germany at the time: recordings with the Erwin Buchbinder orchestra at Odeon are documented , with Dol Dauber and his jazz and dance orchestra on HMV, with Paul Godwin and his jazz symphonists and the jazz orchestra Ernst Holzer on Polydor, with the “Polydor” salon orchestra, with Ilja Livschakoff and his orchestra, too at Polydor, and the Frank Fox Orchestra at Columbia.

Despite his earlier popularity, relatively little is known about his life today.

Sound documents (selection)

as Jacques Rotter:

CHARM names 8 titles by Rotter / Zilzer, DISMARC 55 titles

  • Favorite 1-25 129 (3003-f-) You alone do not know what love is. Lied (w / o comp.) / 1-25 130 (3004-f-) I recently dreamed a lovely dream. Song adOptte “Der liebe Schatz” (without comp., = Heinrich Reinhardt) sung by Jacques Rotter, tenor, Vienna
  • Favorite 1-25 027 x (4972-t-) What the bell tells of the Stefansturm (Theodor Wottitz) sung by Jacques Rotter with orchestral accompaniment, Vienna.
  • Favorite 1-29 259 (2477-t-) Goldfischlied (Monckton & Flynn) adOptte "Miss Gibbs" sung by Miss Burg and Jaques Rotter with orchestral accompaniment, Vienna.
  • Favorite 1-29 261 (2479-t-) Hupf 'mein Mäderl (Monckton & Flynn) adOptte "Miss Gibbs" sung by Miss Burg and Jaques Rotter with orchestral accompaniment, Vienna.
  • Columbia D-7514 (68 458) Jai, Mamám, adOptte “Die Csárdásfürstin” (Kálmán Imre), sung by Jacques Rotter with the Berkes Orchestra. Vienna approx. 1919 (on this recording, Rotter was accompanied by the famous Hungarian gypsy primate Berkes Béla and his orchestra.)
  • Columbia D-16 120 (74 432) Hello you! Song (Rob. Stolz, text by Benno Vigny)
  • Columbia D-16 127 (74 446) A Viennese waltz (I know on the Wieden ...) (Ralph Benatzky)
  • Odeon O-1144 / (A 44 806) (Ve 1143) Come on Zigány! Song adOptte “Countess Mariza” (Kálmán) / (A 44 807) (Ve 1144) Greetings to my Vienna! Song a. dto. v. dto. - with gypsy chapel.
  • Odeon A 44 809 (Ve 1167) Good, good, good! Couplet (O. Steiner)
  • Odeon A 44 823 (Ve 1182) The Bobby Cohn is no traffic for you! Couplet (A. Egen)
  • Electrola EG402 (Bw 652) My lady. Paso doble adRevue “Vienna is laughing again” (R.Benatzky, K.Fárkás, F.Grünbaum) / (Bw 657) A little fire. Song u. Tango (from dto.)
  • Electrola EG405 (Bw 658) In Nischni Novgorod (Rich. Fall, Text by Beda) / (Bw 664) Heimweh (Always) (Irving Berlin, German text: Beda) - with orchestra.
  • HMV 942 885 (Bk 2997-II) My wife has the most beautiful eyes. Song u. Tango (R. Erwin & F. Rotter) / (Bk 3003-I) I would have loved to see you again. Song u. Tango (Willy Engel-Berger, text by W. Sterk) with Dol Dauber, violin solo.
  • HMV AM212 (BT 1773-2) The balalajka often warned me while singing. Song adOptte “Der Orlow” (Bruno Granichstaedten) / (BT 1775-2) cigarette song (I'll take my little cigarette), from dto.
  • HMV AM1563 (Bw 1848-2) Madam, you must allow me. Song adOptte "Messalinettchen" (Walter Bromme, text: Richard Bars and Pordes Milo) / (Bw 1849-2) If I could call you my own. Lied (A. Rubinstein, text by Mme. Lou Soifer) with Anton Zilzer, piano, and Dol Dauber, violin.
  • HMV AM1613 (Bm 543-1) A poor girl. Song u. Slow Fox (Stephan Weiss, Text: F. Rotter) / (Bm 544-2) A little love affair. Lied and Valse boston (Harry Ralton, text: F. Rotter) Jacques Rotter - at the piano Anton Zilzer.
  • Polydor 24 027 (mx. 3873 BD) I whistle a little song to my girl. Foxtrot (Paul Mann & Peter Herz) jazz orchestra Ernst Holzer, refraing singing: Jacques Rotter. Vienna 1931.
  • Polydor 24 027 (mx. 3780 1/2 BD) The student walks past (Ibanez-Chiappo) Jazz Orchestra Ernst Holzer, Refraingesang: Jacques Rotter. Vienna 1931.
  • Polydor 24 028 (mx. 3782 BD) Karlsbader Sprudel-Fox (H. Leopoldi) Jazz Orchestra Ernst Holzer, Refraingesang Jacques Rotter, Vienna - Mechan. Copt. 1931 [18]

as Hans Rotter:

  • Überlandpartie (H. Leopoldi) Hans Rotter, vocals, with Isy Geiger orchestra. Novaphon (Austrian flexible record made of cellon) - Vienna 1932 ( video on YouTube )
  • Karlsbader Sprudel-Fox (H. Leopoldi) Hans Rotter, vocals, with Isy Geiger orchestra. ( Video on YouTube )
  • Novaphon (Austrian flexible record made of cellon) - Vienna 1932

as "C. Seidl, Wiener Liedersänger "on Zonophone before 1914:

DISMARC names 4 titles for C. Seidl.

  • We dance rows of rings. Duet from the operetta “Die Dollarprinzessin” (with orchestra) sung by Anny Prastorfer and C. Seidl [= Jacques Rotter?] WIEN. Zonophone Record X-24286 (mx. 12 014 u) Vienna, end of 1907 Im Wax: 12 014 u, X 24286 V, Z.
  • The Adi, the Ida, the Edi. Duet from “There is only a Imperial City” (with orchestra) sung by Anny Prastorfer and C. Seidl [= Jacques Rotter?] VIENNA Zonophone Record X-24287 (Mx. 12 015 u) Vienna, end of 1907 Im Wax: 12015u, X 24287 III, Z.
  • Louise du bist pale (main) sung by C. Seidl [= Jacques Rotter?], Viennese lieder singer, tenor with orchestra VIENNA. Zonophone Record X-22695 (mx.12 017 u) - Vienna 1907 Im Wax: 12 017 u, X 22695 II, Z. Also on gramophone 10 813
  • Weibi, Weibi is not so tough (main), sung by C. Seidl [= Jacques Rotter?], Viennese lieder singer, tenor with orchestra VIENNA. Zonophone Record X-22696 (mx. 12 020 u) - Vienna 1907, Im Wax: 12 020 u, X 22696 II, Z. Also on gramophone 10 813

as “Stefan Putz (i) -Plattner” on Favorite after 1918:

DISMARC names 7 titles for Stefan Putzi-Plattner.


on CD

  • Double CD “… and the ball goes bum bum!” Humorous songs, propaganda recordings and marches from the time of the First World War, with a detailed booklet. All texts of the songs or speaking numbers can be found in the accompanying booklet. Publishing house Militaria GmbH. Managing director: Stefan Rest. Getreidemarkt 3/8 + 9, 1060 Vienna. ISBN 978-3-902526-36-6 . CD 1 - war songs and propaganda recordings , moderated by Martin Haidinger, contains as track 6 The gray field uniform sung by Jacques Rotter (3:08) - recording 1915.
  • CD »Popular Jewish Artists - Vienna. Music & Entertainment 1903–1936 «. with detailed booklet. Compilation: Andreas Koll, Chaim Frank. Playing time: 1:15:49. Published by C & P Trikont 2001. Order no. US 0291 [19] . Contains from Rotter the couplet “Gut, gut, gut!”. Review by Anne Zauner under [20] .
  • CD Heinrich Strecker for his 100th birthday (legendary interpreters sing songs by Heinrich Strecker). Preiser BSIN03128438, released 1999 [21] lists 'Stefan Plattner-Putz' and 'Jacques Rotter' separately. Contains as: Track 4 That was in Petersdorf (Text: Alfred Steinberg-Frank) Jaques Rotter with orchestra accompaniment. Recorded in 1925. Odeon 306809 (Ve 1146) / Track 5 On the Lahmgrub'n there is written on the old house (Text: Alfred Steinberg-Frank) Stefan Putz-Plattner - Maly Nagl with Schrammel company. Recorded in 1924. Columbia D-7952 (H 307)
  • CD “Once upon a time there was a musician - Friedrich Schwarz (1928 to 1933)” - Yatego-No .: B3FETI19UB, Art-No .: RV2001. Contains by Jacques Rotter: “You were bathed too hot as a child”: Jaques Rotter with accompanying orchestra.
  • CD Viennese favorites from his time. Preiser PR90077, EAN: 717281900775 - contains by Jacques Rotter: Die Fichte (M + T: Wottitz, Sinek, Kanitz, Wiener) Odeon A 254.076 (mx. 2090) / Bridge-Partie (K + T: Pallos - Beda) Odeon A 254.076 (mx. 2091) [22]
  • CD This is my Vienna, the city of songs. Post-production Soundborn [23] contains: The band is coming (K: Theodor F. Schild, T: Carl Lorens). I: Max Jauner, Jaques Rotter, Josef Bauer / Servus Sch Lieferl (K: Theodor Wottitz) I: Jacques Rotter
  • CD Schlager im Spiegel der Zeit - 1930. Bear Family Records GmbH, contains as track 10 Jacques Rotter: Oh Donna Clara!
  • CD So much can happen in 24 hours: composer portrait Walter Jurmann. Duophon, 1928–1933 Order number: 7216965 Date of publication: February 10, 2003 Track 11 contains Jacques Rotter: On the beautiful Lake Titicaca


  • Uncle Eduard from Bentschen. Song u. Foxtrot (Friedrich Schwarz and Willy Rosen), Jacques Rotter, tenor, with the Paul Godwin Ensemble. Polydor 23 685 ( video on YouTube )
  • The heart of a mother (= My Yidishe Mame) song and tango (Yellen-Pollack, German text by Arthur Rebner) Jacques Rotter, tenor, with Polydor artist quartet, Bösendorfer grand piano. Polydor 23 998. 1931 ( video on YouTube )
  • Oh, Donna Clara, I saw you dance. Song and Tango (Jerzy Petersburski - Beda) Jacques Rotter, with orchestra. Ultraphon A 431 (mx. 10846) - Berlin, April 1930 ( video on YouTube )
  • The beautiful Adrienne has a high antenna. Modernes Lied (Hermann Leopoldi - Wauwau) Jacques Rotter, with piano accompaniment: Anton Zilzer. Odeon A 44 829 - Vienna, c. 1925 ( video on YouTube )

other sources:


  • Siglinde Bolbecher and Konstantin Kaiser (eds.): Lexicon of Austrian exile literature. Vienna 2000
  • Brochure for the exhibition “Displaced Years. Entertainment culture in the shadow of the crises “An exhibition on the commemorative year 8888. Communications from ÖKA, issue 3, A4, 36 pages. Straden 2008. [24]
  • Clemens Drössler: Political cabaret. Effect and interaction between political events and the artistic repertoire of the cabaret artist using the example of Austria. Diploma thesis, University of Vienna. Faculty of Social Sciences, 2008. [25]
  • Elisabeth Th. Fritz, Helmut Kretschmer (Hrsg.): Vienna Music History, Part 1: Folk music and Viennese song. Series: History of the City of Vienna Vol. 6, 2005, 528 pages, ISBN 3-8258-8659-X . For Yes (c) ques Rotter / Jakob Lautterstein cf. Pp. 277, 347, 349, 353.
  • Wolfgang Hirschenberger, Popular Music and Jazz in Austria - Historical Sound Documents 1902–1920. Vol. I: The precursors: Ragtime [26] in: Jazzbrief v. September 16, 2006.
  • Helga Ihlau: The Ronacher as a variety theater. A chapter in Viennese theater history. Diss., Univ. Vienna 1978.
  • Friederike Kraus: Viennese originals of the interwar period. Diploma thesis, Vienna July 2008. [27]
  • Berthold Leimbach: Audio documents of cabaret and their interpreters 1895-1945. Göttingen, self-published, 1991, unpaginated.
  • Rainer E. Lotz and Axel Weggen: Discography of Judaica Recordings Volume 1. ISBN 978-3-9810248-2-1 . [28]
  • Matter / Widmaier (Ed.): Song and Popular Culture. Yearbook of the German Folk Song Archive Freiburg, 50./51. Year - 2005/2006. 2006. book. 292 pp. Paperback. Waxmann Verlag, ISBN 978-3-8309-1624-6 (= series: Lied and popular culture; 50/51).
  • Andreas Merighi: Change in the musical taste of the Austrian youth from 1900 to 1950. Diploma thesis, Vienna. Grin-Verlag 2004. ISBN 9783638685207
  • Untitled: Article "Vienna after 1945 - board culture with old and new stars"  [29]
  • Anne Zauner, review by March 20, 2002 on the CD »Popular Jewish Artists - Vienna. Music & Entertainment 1903–1936 «. Compilation: Andreas Koll u. Chaim Frank. Published by C & P Trikont 2001. [30]

Individual evidence

  1. so LexM Hamburg [1]
  2. DISMARC mentions 7 titles for, CHARMS 12 titles for 1907; the impression arises that Rotter used the nickname “Putzi-Plattner” for recordings at Favorite and Columbia, and the pseudonym “C. Seidl ”with the epithet“ Wiener Liedersänger ”. The discography of Austrian popular music [2] (PDF; 1 MB) also states: “Stefan Plattner (pseudonym = Jacques Rotter)” and “sung by Stefan Putzi-Plattner”, cf. Page 134, and "Stefan Putz", page 135.
  3. a b c so Berthold Leimbach: Sound documents of the cabaret and their interpreters 1895-1945. Göttingen, self-published, 1991
  4. ^ But there are recordings of "patriotic" songs from him on Austrian Columbia: Marianka's field post letter. Columbia D-7490 (68 424) / Im U-Boot (Petrie & Martell) Columbia D-7500 (68 422), according to the authors probably a counterfactor from the time of the First World War to the popular song "Seemanns Los" ( "Stormy the night and the sea goes up ...") by Henry W. Petrie with the text by Adolf Martell (text at [3] ), a series of postcards to the song in the Giesbrecht Collection, Osnabrück [4] [ 5] [6] u. [7] / Hands off the German land. Columbia D-7553 (68 535) / Die Wacht an der Adria (P. Wenrich, German text: A. Rebner) Columbia D-7537 (68 507) This is the American hit “Moonlight Bay” by Percy Wenrich, the German one Text by Arthur Rebner - in keeping with the times - probably alludes to " Die Wacht am Rhein " .
  5. cf. Advertisement in the “hour” of September 4, 1924, p. 4, quoted. after Kraus, originals p. 23
  6. cf. Advertisement in the Badener Zeitung No. 58 of July 21, 1928, page 3: “An evening with Jacques Rotter. Tuesday the 24th of the month the popular Viennese song singers Jacques Rotter and Charlotte Waldow [sic] appear in the Café Sachergarten, Helenental. ” (Quoted from: ÖNB Anno Histor. Austrian newspapers and magazines [8] )
  7. cf. Merighi 2004, p. 70, “The jazz band Harry Kopfstein played in the Kaiserstöckl, and Jacques Rotter sang in the opera bar”. and Fritz / Kretschmer, Musikgeschichte p. 349
  8. cf. Andreas Sperlich: Vienne à Paris, program booklet 2006, and Clemens Drössler 2008, page 63.
  9. ^ Information from Rotter himself, made in 1946 in a letter of application to the Vienna concentration camp association, cf. Cullin / Driessen Gruber : Douce France, p. 27.
  10. cf. Mehr_wissen_info [9] and LexM Hamburg [10]
  11. cf. Duets with Rosl Wagschal on Odeon A 44 816/17 from “Countess Mariza” (Kálmàn) and his solo lectures with Gypsy band on Odeon O-1144 (A 44 806) (Ve 1143) Come on Zigány! Lied, and Odeon A 44 807 (Ve 1144) Hello my Vienna! Song, both from the operetta "Countess Mariza" (Kálmán)
  12. inimitable his interpretations of Jewish couplets such as "The Bobby Cohn is' no traffic for you" on Odeon A 44 823 (Ve 1182) or "Gut, gut, gut!" On A 44 809 (Ve 1167), where he unexpectedly met one Change the refrain to “Jud, Jud, Jud!”.
  13. His duet with the Viennese folk singer Maly Nagl , recte Amalie Wolfsecker (1893–1977), cf. Archive link ( Memento of the original dated December 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. "On the Lahmagruab'n there is an old house ..." by Heinrich Strecker , taken in 1924 on Columbia D-7952 (H 307) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.wvlw.at
  14. cf. the recordings on HMV AM1613 “Ein armes Mädi” and “Eine kleine Liebelei”, on AM1563 “If I could call you my own” or on HMV 942 885 “I would have loved to see you again”, where Dol Dauber is Violin solo contributes to deepen the effect.
  15. cf. Hirschenberger 2006 The tenor Jacques Rotter (* Lemberg 1878; † Vienna 1972) was undoubtedly one of the most popular Austrian singing stars on early records. In his repertoire there is pretty much everything that could be singed: daily hits as well as light classical vocal pieces, ballads, Viennese songs, operettas, folklore. The number of his recordings is almost unmanageable.
  16. cf. Simon Géza Gábor & Wolfgang Hirschenberger: Ragtime discography [11] on “Hühnertanz” (= Die Liebeslaube, by Karl Hoschna) and “Bärentanz” (= Alexander's Ragtime Band, by Irving Berlin), duet with Lotti Zalden, before December 1912
  17. cf. Discography of Austrian Popular Music Page 142: "Favorite 1-25 049, Vienna, before March 1912" and Hirschenberger 2006: His performance of the 1912 hit "Zamona" is not just an example of an early German-language rag song. The recording exploits pretty much everything that apparently served the fashionable clichés of the time excellently ... Rotters unmistakable vocal pathos sounds here in perfect harmony with the romanticizing lines of this season's hit: “Far from here, far in the tropics, under palm trees there on the beach, where from Culture not yet known, once a girl lived tenderly ... a white man was so new to her ... «etc. etc. Songs like" Zamona "today lead in a certain way to recognize a kind of Central European counterpart to the US American Coon songs, even if such comparisons should always be made with some caution.
  18. z. B. Victor 79 486 A (from HMV-Matrize Bw-656) I'm in love with you, my Vienna / Jacques Rotter 12/17/1926, back side Victor 79 486 B (from HMV-Matrize Bw-664) Heimweh / Jacques Rotter 12/18/1926. Release date: 10/1927 [12]
  19. cf. HMV AM 1563 “Madam, you must allow me” by Pordes-Milo and Brammer, or Odeon A 44 809 “Good, good, good!” By Oscar Steiner
  20. so at HMV AM 1256 "I would have loved to see you again" by Willy Engelberger and Wilhelm Sterk
  21. Isidor 'Isy' Geiger, violinist (born November 20, 1886 Jaroslaw (Poland) - † February 2, 1977 London) cf. Bosworth Verlag [13] , Orpheus Trust: Musikschaffende [14] and Brian Reynolds [15] (English), z. E.g. on Odeon A 44 828 (Ve 1187) “Drausst in the Vienna Woods, drob'n am Hameau”: Jacques Rotter, at the piano Anton Zilzer, violin Isy Geiger, Vienna. [16]
  22. cf. entry October 18, 2010 Paul Godwin With Jacques Rotter - The Uncle Eduard Aus Bentschen ( Memento of the original from October 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , where are mentioned: Erwin Buchbinder on Odeon, Dol Dauber Jazz band on HMV, Paul Godwin and Ernst Holzer on Polydor, Polydor Salon Orchester, Ilja Livschakoff also on Polydor, Frank Fox on Columbia. He also recorded as Stefan Plattner ... @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / wmp3.xyz
  23. Rotter / Zikzer at CHARM
  24. Rotter at CHARM
  25. This furnishing revue by Ernst Marischka with the music by Ralph Benatzky and the libretto by Karl Fárkás and Fritz Grünbaum had its premiére on October 10, 1926 in the New Vienna City Theater, cf. A. Sperlich, Vienne à Paris, program booklet, and Wiener Bürgertheater . It must almost seem like a bitter joke that Karl Farkas named the revue, which he performed with fellow prisoners in the French internment camp Meslay du Maine at the turn of 1939/40, the name “Meslay laughs again”; see. Bolbecher / Kaiser p. 181 ff., And [17] .
  26. Seidl at DISMARC
  27. Putzi-Plattner at DISMARC