The Helenental is part of the Schwechattal in the Vienna Woods in Lower Austria near Baden near Vienna . In the narrower sense, only the lowest section west of Baden is meant, but today it means the entire course between Baden and Mayerling .
The romantic valley is a well-known recreational area for nearby Vienna and Baden's spa guests, and as a nature reserve "Hoher Lindkogel - Helenental" is under the special protection of the Lower Austrian provincial government.
Location and history
On the left side of the Schwechat, the road leading from Baden in the direction of Alland crosses the Urtelstein (originally: Urtheilstein) at today's city limits in a short tunnel that was fired in 1826 with 15,000 explosives and paid homage to Emperor Franz I. On the right side of the river there is a hiking trail that has been sung about since 1940 in the song I know a little way in Helenental . At the beginning of the valley are the two castle ruins Rauheneck and Rauhenstein .
Signpost at the Beethovenstein rest area
Beethoven relief executed by Josef Kassin in 1899 at the Beethovenstein rest area
Settlement of Helenental
The houses scattered in the actual Helenental belong to the municipality of Alland on the right , southern bank and to Heiligenkreuz on the left .
In a broader sense, Krainerhütte , Sattelbach and Schwechatbach are also located in the Helenental .
The Austrian official calendar online shows the village of Helenental , which belongs to Heiligenkreuz, as a village ; in Alland, Helenental describes individual houses and groups of houses as a settlement name . The northeast Atlas 4.0 provides under Helenental represents only the location in the municipality of Heiligenkreuz village.
The road that runs through the valley is the former federal road 210 . Branches lead to Siegenfeld and in Sattelbach to Heiligenkreuz . In 2008 a cycle path was built. In order to bypass the Urtelstein, two bridges had to be built over the Schwechat.
Because of its winding road, the Helenental is also very popular with motorcyclists.
Tourism and sightseeing
There are rest stops and restaurants along the hiking trails, as well as other striking points. One of these points is the cholera chapel , which is somewhat hidden in the forest above the road. It was built on the occasion of the cholera epidemic in 1830 and 1831 by the Viennese citizens Carl and Elisabeth Boldrino out of gratitude for their sparing. The chapel soon became a place of pilgrimage and was enlarged in 1847 and again expanded with glass windows in 1892. In addition, a snack station established itself. Regular pilgrimages take place from Baden on August 15th. A well-known personality who spent a lot of time here was Beethoven .
The network of promenade paths goes back to Archduke Anton (1779–1835), who had it built in the years up to 1829. As a highlight he had the Anton Grotto built, which is roughly opposite the cholera chapel, which was not yet in existence at the time. The approx. 2.2 km long section of the Antonsbrücke - Antonsgrotte of the Helenental is therefore called the Antonstal .
What concerns hikes on the valley floor of the Helenental valley today is mostly understood locally, as well as beyond, the 5 km path from the Baden town of St. Helena on the left of the Schwechat to the one on the right bank (to the first third of the 18th century decreasing) Augustinerhütte . The crossing of the Schwechat (to today's Hauswiese ) at the level of St. Helena (over today's Albrechtsbrücke ) should have been possible in the years from 1801 through a footbridge ( Leichenhofbrücke ). During this time, Philipp Otto opened his casino café in the nearest St. Helena (1827: Bräuhaus Rauhenstein , 1884: Sacher's Etablissement Helenenthal , today: Hotel Sacher , Helenenstraße 55).
The one kilometer long path from St. Helena to the Urtelstein, which was already widely used by spa guests in the early 19th century, offered an impressive view of the hermitage, which existed until 1805, on this valley narrow . However , when the Wiener Neustädter Canal went into operation in 1803, the lock became unnecessary, since the wood that was lifted further upstream (from the 1670s) was collected by a rake near St. Helena and from there on to the charging station on the land route to Baden- Leesdorf was brought to lock 15 of the canal and shipped to Vienna.
In the 1930s E. Dümel described the Helenental and its surroundings for "local history hikes".
- Lower Austrian nature reserves
- One hundred years of “breakthrough”. In: Badener Zeitung , No. 33/1926 (XLVII. Volume), April 24, 1926, p. 3, center left. (Online at ANNO ). .
- The portal heading reads Imperante Francisco I : [Executed] during the reign of Franz I - Baden was the imperial summer residence , if not until the death of Franz I in 1835, then at least until the assassination attempt on the heir to the throne Archduke Ferdinand in August 1832.
- Alexander Steinbrecher : I know a little way in the Helenental . In: mosapedia.de , accessed on April 2, 2009.
- Austrian official calendar online . Jusline Österreich GmbH (Verlag Österreich), Vienna 2002–, , accessed on April 8, 2017.
- Happy hustle and bustle on the house meadow . In: Rudolf Maurer: Leiten, Wolfstal, Altes Haus. Secrets of the Scharfeneck ruin and the house meadow . Catalog Rollettmuseum , Baden 2010, ISBN 978-3-901951-78-7 , p. 22 ff. the Rollettmuseum Baden, Volume 78, .
- Conversation material. (...) See the attachment. In: The Vienna Telegraph. Conversation sheet for art, literature, social life, theater, daily events and industry , No. 2/1838 (3rd year), January 3, 1838, pp. 10, 11 (supplement). (Online at ANNO ). .
- The work of Archduke Anton in Baden . In: Rudolf Maurer: The Vienna suburb. Antonsgasse and Annagasse over the centuries . Catalog sheets of the Rollettmuseum Baden, Volume 56, ZDB-ID 2101396-2. Rollettmuseum, Baden 2005, ISBN 3-901951-56-3 , p. 50.
- The Jammer family at the Augustinerhütte . In: Rudolf Maurer: Of monks, wood chippers and princely hunters. The Augustinerhütte in legend and history . Catalog sheets of the Rollettmuseum Baden, Volume 77, ZDB-ID 2101396-2. Rollettmuseum, Baden 2011, ISBN 978-3-901951-77-0 , p. 8 ff.
- Jasmin Sajovic (Red.): Easy hike to the Augustinerhütte in Helenental . In: wandernundmehr.at , January 28, 2016, accessed on April 11, 2017.
- township Baden: The Helenental valley . In: baden.at , accessed on April 11, 2017.
- City of Baden: An eerie place . In: baden.at , accessed on April 11, 2017.
- Dümel E .: Local history hikes - the Helenental and its surroundings. Öbv Vienna 1930