A signpost is a traffic sign with destination and direction information to certain places and objects . It can be in the form of a shield , a stone mark or a pillar. The arm column was a historical special form . Signposts can be attached to signposts or represent them themselves.
Signposts on the streets are among the information signs and form an element of the public road infrastructure. Their appearance is regulated in the state road traffic regulations. The boards are designed and labeled with signaling regulations in standardized shapes and colors. About the official guide in Switzerland and Liechtenstein orients the image panel of the road signals about the current signs in Germany , the picture board of road signs in the Federal Republic of Germany since 2017 , about the flag in Austria the picture board of road signs in Austria . Signposts can be provided with labels, symbols or pictograms and often also contain distance and other information about the destination.
The boards are made of sheet metal , wood , stone or plastic and can be attached to posts , masts or fixed structures. They are part of the street equipment and general street furniture and companions.
In addition, every signpost that shows a direction can be interpreted as a signpost, i.e. also optical signals on paths outside the road space, such as a marking of a hiking trail, a cairn or a peg as a landmark , in the broader sense also a signpost showing a cartographic or gives a symbolic overview of a route .
- In the public road are signs of expulsion and place signs required by law, on main streets and roadways also anticipation Weiser (see traffic signs ).
- A distinction is made between arrow signs and table signs.
- The signposts are an early form of signposts .
- In safety technology, signposts are used to mark the escape routes ; they are stipulated by law and standardized in terms of form, appearance and location. In public and larger buildings, green signs with white arrows must point out the escape routes and emergency exits ; they should be made of a material that glows in the dark in the event of a power failure.
- For the signposting of hiking trails , which are often carried out by regional alpine or homeland associations , the routes between the signposts are additionally provided with path markings for regular orientation . In Switzerland, the yellow signposts for hiking trails throughout the country are uniformly designed by the Swiss hiking trails organization .
- For other signposts that are not used for orientation in traffic or safety , national and local regulations (e.g. with regard to the townscape ) may apply, e.g. for their design , installation or attachment. In some countries , cultural sights are announced with brown boards, natural beauties in green, etc. Such signs serve as tourist information .
- In the area of construction sites on traffic routes, temporary signs guide road users through detours.
- Company signs provide information about the access route to private companies.
- Signposts in large structures are used to orient pedestrians, for example in the train stations and stations of subways .
Also milestones that since the Roman were built primarily as a distance indicator on streets and monuments than for large construction projects epoch had a guide function because they give an indication of one or several locations.
Signposts can themselves also be cultural, sculptural objects. At tourist locations there are often signposts with directions and distances to major cities in the world, which are popular photo opportunities for visitors.
Replica of an arm column in Grillenburg in the Tharandt forest
Listed signpost near Calvörde on Landstrasse 24
Signpost in Stade (1930)
old hour stone in the canton of Bern
Signposts for hiking trails and a cultural trail in Switzerland
Signposts on a boulder in the Karawanken
Signpost of the Upper Swabian Way of St. James
Signpost from several decades at the Türnitzer Hut
Signpost of the Berlin subway
- DIN 1451 , Tern (font)
- Signpost Berliner Straße 8 (Bad Liebenwerda)
- Signpost (Bundesstrasse 79, Quedlinburg)
- Martin Scharfe : Signposts. On the cultural history of getting lost and finding your way . Jonas, Marburg 1998, ISBN 3-89445-230-7