Joachim Werner

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Joachim Werner (born December 23, 1909 in Berlin , † January 9, 1994 in Munich ) was an archaeologist who shaped German early medieval archeology in particular . Most of the professorships with a focus on the early Middle Ages were occupied by his academic students (sometimes also in the grandchildren) in the second half of the 20th century. His son is the historian Matthias Werner .


Joachim Werner graduated from the French high school in Berlin and began studying prehistory, classical archeology, and ancient and middle history in 1928 . His teachers included Max Ebert and Wilhelm Unverzagt in Berlin, Oswald Menghin in Vienna and Gero von Merhart in Marburg. In Marburg he received his doctorate on December 7, 1932 with a thesis on "coin- dated Austrasian grave finds", which Hans Zeiss encouraged to attempt to work out an absolute chronology of the Merovingian period using coin-bearing graves . Even if some things had to be revised in the meantime, the work represents a milestone in knowledge of the early Middle Ages.

After the " seizure of power " by the National Socialists , he joined the SA in 1933 and , after the suspension of admission in 1937, also the NSDAP . In 1933/1934 he had a travel grant from the German Archaeological Institute . In 1938 he completed his habilitation with Hans Zeiss at the University of Frankfurt on “The decorative discs of the Thorsberg moor find. A contribution to the early Germanic history of art and religion ”. From 1939 to 1945 he was drafted into the Wehrmacht several times . From 1942 he taught as a professor of prehistory at the University of Strasbourg . In 1945 the military interned in Switzerland. He worked on the Bülach burial ground. From 1946 to 1947 he took over the chair of the missing Hans Zeiss in Munich. From 1948 to 1974 he was a professor at the University of Munich .

Numerous memberships and honors were awarded to Werner. In 1936 he became a corresponding member, in 1943 a full member of the German Archaeological Institute , in 1953 the Roman-Germanic Commission , and in 1953 he became a full member of the Philosophical-Historical Class of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In 1990 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Jagiellonian University in Krakow.

The scientific interest was the pre-Roman Iron Age and the Germanic ethnogenesis, late antique castles, Merovingian burial grounds and ceremonial graves, the riding nomads of the early Middle Ages, the art of the Carolingian period. In addition, there is further comparative research on state graves in South Korea.

From Munich he was able to carry out numerous excavation projects, especially in late Roman forts: Epfach (1953–1957), Goldberg near Türkheim (1958–1961), Isny Castle (1966–1970), Münsterberg Breisach , Sponeck Castle near Jechtingen, Kellmünz (1986 -1993). Further excavation projects took place in Austria, Italy and Slovenia: Kuchl, Invillino in Friuli, Hrušica and Vranje.

The organizational framework for this was mostly the “Commission for the archaeological research of the late Roman Raetia” initiated by Werner at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. With the publication of the Mindelheim cemetery, Werner developed a chronology system based on the belt buckles, which was later modified by Rainer Christlein based on the Marktoberdorf cemetery. It is still an important basis for the relative chronology of the Merovingian period.

Werner received his doctorate from 33 students (including Bernhard Overbeck , Hans-Jörg Kellner , Gerhard Fingerlin , Erwin Keller , Hermann Dannheimer ) and habilitated 7 colleagues ( Vladimir Milojčić , Georg Kossack , Hermann Müller-Karpe , Günter Ulbert , Walter Torbrügge , Hermanfrid Schubart and Volker Bierbrauer) ).

Fonts (selection)

  • Austrasian grave finds dated by coins (= Germanic monuments of the migration period. Volume 3). De Gruyter, Berlin / Leipzig 1935.
  • The Alemannic prince grave of Wittislingen (= Munich contributions to prehistory and early history. Volume 2). CH Beck, Munich 1940.
  • The Ittenheim find. An Alemannic princely grave from the 7th century in Alsace. Hünenburg-Verlag, Strasbourg 1943.
  • with Siegfried Fuchs : Longobard fibulae from Italy. Mann brothers, Berlin 1950.
  • The Alemannic burial ground of Bülach (= monographs on the prehistory and early history of Switzerland. Volume 9). Birkhäuser, Basel 1953.
  • Libra and money in the Merovingian era (= meeting reports of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Philosophical-historical class. Born 1954, number 1). Publishing house of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Munich 1954.
  • The Alemannic burial ground of Mindelheim (= material booklets for Bavarian prehistory. Volume 6). Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz in the Upper Palatinate 1955.
  • Contributions to the archeology of the Attila Empire (= treatises of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Philosophical-historical class. New series, Volume 38A). Publishing house of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Munich 1956.
  • The excavations in St. Ulrich and Afra in Augsburg 1961–1968 (= Munich contributions to prehistory and early history. Volume 28). CH Beck, Munich 1977, ISBN 3-406-00493-8 .
  • Late Celticism between Rome and Germania. Collected essays on the late Latène period (= Munich contributions to prehistory and early history. Supplementary volume 2). CH Beck, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-406-07323-9 .


  • Georg Kossack , Günter Ulbert (ed.): Studies on prehistoric and early historical archeology. Festschrift for Joachim Werner on the occasion of his 65th birthday (= Munich contributions to prehistory and early history. Supplementary volume 1). CH Beck, Munich 1974, ISBN 3-406-00344-3 .
  • Mario Brozzi: Joachim Werner (1909-1994). In: Memorie storiche forogiuliesi. Volume 73, 1993, p. 349.
  • Volker beer brewer : Joachim Werner. December 23, 1909 - January 9, 1994. In: Bavarian history sheets . Vol. 59, 1994, pp. 11-17.
  • Volker Bierbrauer: Joachim Werner, 23.12.1909 - 9.1.1994. In: Byzantine Journal . Volume 86/87, 1993/1994, pp. 665-669.
  • Slavko Ciglenečki: Joachim Werner (1909–1994). In: Arheološki vestnik. Volume 45, 1994, pp. 267-268.
  • Gerhard Fingerlin : Joachim Werner, 1909–1994. In: Find reports from Baden-Württemberg. Volume 19.1, 1994, pp. 797-800.
  • Kazimierz Godłowski: Joachim Werner (1909–1994). In: Wiadomości Archeologiczne. Volume 53, Number 2, 1993/1994, pp. 137-138.
  • Títus Kolník: Joachim Werner (1909–1994). In: Slovenská archeológia. Volume 42, Number 1, 1994, pp. 221-224.
  • Georg Kossack: Joachim Werner. In: Yearbook of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Year 1994, pp. 234–245 ( digitized version ).
  • MB Ščukin: Pamjati Iochima Vernera. (Obryvki vospominanij.) In memory of Joachim Werner. In: Peterburgskij Archeologičeskij Vestnik. Volume 8, 1994, pp. 4-11.
  • Elmar Vonbank : Univ.-Prof. Dr. Joachim Werner (December 23, 1909 - January 9, 1994). In: Yearbook of the Vorarlberger Landesmuseumsverein. Volume 138, 1994, pp. 55-59.
  • Radu Harhoiu: Joachim Werner (23.12.1909 - 9.1.1994). In: Dacia. Neue Reihe, Volume 38/39, 1994/1995, pp. 489-491.
  • Ion Ioniţa: Joachim Werner. 1909-1994. In: Arheologia Moldovei. Volume 18, 1995, pp. 357-359.
  • Gisela Ripoll López: Joachim Werner (Berlin 1909, Munich 1994). In: Antiquité Tardive. Volume 3, 1995, pp. 10-14.
  • Kazimierz Godłowski: Joachim Werner. In: Kultura przeworska. Volume 3, 1997, pp. 9-15.
  • Hubert Fehr : Hans Zeiss, Joachim Werner and the archaeological research of the Merovingian period. In: Heiko Steuer (Ed.): An outstanding national science. German prehistorians between 1900 and 1995 (= supplementary volumes to the Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde. Volume 29). Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-110-17184-8 , pp. 311-415 ( digitized version ).
  • Volker Bierbrauer : Werner, Joachim. In: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde . 2nd edition, Volume 33, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2006, ISBN 3-11-016227-X , pp. 473-485.

Web links


  1. ^ Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 658.
  2. Honorary doctorates ( Memento from February 1, 2013 in the Internet Archive )