Johann Gottlob von Quandt

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Portrait of Johann Gottlob von Quandt. Oil painting by Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein , around 1830.

Johann Gottlob von Quandt (born April 9, 1787 in Leipzig ; † June 19, 1859 in Dresden ) was a German art historian and art patron .


His father was a merchant and landowner in Wachau near Leipzig, his mother died early. Although he did not attend school or university, he enjoyed an excellent education. He received private lessons in oil painting , architecture and garden art . In 1811 Quandt went on his Grand Tour , a kind of study trip through Italy. At that time he had the knowledge of an art historian.

A philosophy professor taught him Kantian philosophy . On a trip to Annaberg, he was inspired by pictures from the life of Mary based on the model of Albrecht Dürer . He published an article about it in the newspaper for the elegant world , which earned him further assignments.

In 1815 he found four paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder in the attic of the Thomaskirche in Leipzig and sent Johann Wolfgang von Goethe chalk copies of a few heads from these pictures. Goethe drew attention to Quandt's find in his “Message from old German works of art discovered in Leipzig”.

Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld : Portrait of Mrs. Clara Bianca von Quandt with a lute , 1820

In 1819 Quandt married Bianca, born in the village church of Plauen near Dresden. Meißner , used Low, who had been raised by Elisa von der Recke . On their honeymoon in Rome, their house became a meeting point for artists. Regular guests were Friedrich Overbeck , Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld , Louise Seidler , Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein and many more. He ordered a picture from each of the artists, of course for a fee.

On their return in 1820, the couple visited Goethe, who introduced them to many important personalities. The Quandts now settled in Dresden, where Bianca gave birth to two sons and her husband set up the house as a museum, which was described in its own catalog.

In 1826 Quandt took over the chairmanship of the painting and sculpture section in the "Association for Research and Preservation of Patriotic Antiquities" ( Royal Saxon Antiquities Association ). In 1831 he presented a monument conservation concept for the Ore Mountains. He pleaded for the art monuments to be left at their original locations.

In art he saw the basis for patriotism and social peace, the unification of the physical and spiritual forces of a country (“On the position of the visual artist towards the state”, 1826).

From 1828 to 1833 Quandt was director of the Saxon Art Association . In 1836 he was appointed to the Academic Council, he was an honorary member of the Royal Academies in Berlin and Munich.

In 1830 he acquired the Dittersbach estate and the villages of Eschdorf , Röhrsdorf (today Dürrröhrsdorf ), Rossendorf and Zeschnig . He not only provided lectures for the education of the farmers and tried to introduce gymnastics lessons at the school (which the authorities forbade), he also celebrated with them and provided beer and music. He tried to help increase prosperity by founding a savings bank. In 1831/33 he had the " Belvedere " built by Joseph Thürmer on the "Schönen Höhe" ; in 1836/38 it was decorated by Carl Gottlieb Peschel with frescoes on ballads by Goethe.

In 1847 Quandt was accepted into the house order of the White Falcon in Weimar.

On June 22, 1859, Quandt was quietly buried in the Dittersbach churchyard.

Web links

Commons : Johann Gottlob von Quandt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Rainer G. Richter: The art and artist friend Johann Gottlob von Quandt and the painter Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein . In: Sächsische Heimatblätter , magazine for Saxon history, conservation of nature and the environment . Issue 6/2002, pp. 343-355.
  • Franz Schnorr von CarolsfeldQuandt, Gottlob von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 27, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888, p. 11 f.
  • Rainer G. Richter: The relationship between the art and artist friend Johann Gottlob von Quandt and the Saxon court painter Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein. In: Johann Gottlob von Quandt - Goethe admirer and patron of the arts. A collection of contributions. On the occasion of the laying of the foundation stone in 1831 on the "Schönhöhe" near Dittersbach 170 years ago and the rededication of the restored frescoed hall in the Belvedere Schöne Höhe in 2001
  • Andreas Rüfenacht, “Intellectual pleasure. Johann Gottlob von Quandt (1787-1859) and contemporary landscape painting ”, in: Science, Sentiment and Business Sense. Landscape around 1800 (outlines, vol. 10), ed. v. SIK-ISEA, Zurich: Scheidegger & Spiess, 2017, pp. 152–179.
  • Andreas Rüfenacht, "Johann Gottlob von Quandt and the founding stages of the Leipzig Art Museum", in: mdbk. Yearbook of the Museum of Fine Arts, Leipzig, vol. 18, 2016, pp. 88–99.
  • Andreas Rüfenacht, “Goethe in Dresden and Dittersbach. Early forms of poet commemoration in Johann Gottlob von Quandt ”, in: Exhibiting literature. Museum productions of Weimar Classics (Yearbook of the Klassik Stiftung Weimar 2012), Göttingen: Wallstein, 2012, pp. 31–53.
  • Andreas Rüfenacht, “Refuge for outcast art. Johann Gottlob von Quandt's establishment of the Dresden Historical Museum 1832-34 ”, in: Yearbook of the Dresden State Art Collections for 2010, 2012, Vol. 36, pp. 110–119.
  • Andreas Rüfenacht, Johann Gottlob von Quandt (1787–1859). Promoting and exhibiting art, Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2019 (print edition), ISBN 978-3-422-96683-3 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Letter of thanks from Quandt to Unknown in Weimar on September 19, 1847, in: Dresden, Sächsische Landes- und Universitätsbibliothek, Mscr. Dresden. App. 204, No. 98n.
  2. ^ Friedrich Bernhard Störzner: Johann Gottlieb von Quandt's funeral. In: The Karswald and its surroundings. Wilhelm Volkmann printing works, Dresden-A., 1929