Johann Tobias Krebs (classical philologist)

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Johann Tobias Krebs (born December 16, 1718 in Buttstädt ; † April 6, 1782 in Grimma ) was a German philologist and educator. Krebs was the principal of the Princely School in Grimma for 19 years .


Krebs was the son of Bach's student Johann Tobias Krebs , who worked as an organist and cantor in Buttelstedt and Buttstädt. His mother was the pastor's daughter Magdalene Susanne Falcke (1677–1721). After attending the school in his hometown, Krebs attended the Thomas School in Leipzig in 1729 . Krebs enrolled at the University of Leipzig on April 5, 1739 , where he studied ancient languages and theology after graduating from university in 1740 . Lucrative scholarships and a position as a private tutor with the Mayor of Leipzig Stieglitz enabled his financial support.

At the university he attended lectures on the Hebrew language with Johann Christian Hebenstreit , philosophy with Johann August Ernesti , history with Christian Gottlieb Jöcher , the theory of nature was introduced to him by Johann Friedrich Menz and Johann Heinrich Winkler and mathematics by Christian August Hausen . After he had obtained his baccalaureate on December 23, 1742, and the degree of Master of Philosophy on February 21, 1743, he completed his habilitation in 1744 and gave lectures on the New Testament. In 1746 he became vice rector at the Lyceum in Chemnitz . In 1752 he was employed as the third teacher at the Princely School in Grimma . From 1751 he was vice rector and in 1763 he became rector of the educational institution. An oil painting depicting him is in the archive of the Grimma High School.

Works (selection)

  • Diss. (Praes. Joh. Frid. Mentzio) de Ephetis, Atheniensium indicibus. Leipzig 1740 ( online )
  • Commentatio de Stelitis Atheniensium. Leipzig 1744 ( online )
  • Diss. De iudicum Romanorum decuriis. Leipzig 1744 ( online )
  • De usu et praestantia lustoriae Romanae in interpretatione novi testamenti libellus. Leipzig 1745
  • Hesiodi opera recensuit, versionem Latinam correxit, notulisque instruxit. Leipzig 1745
  • Plutarchus de audiendis poëtis, recensuit, emendavit animadversionibus illuftravit. Leipzig 1746
  • Commentatio de praefecto urbis Romano. Leipzig 1747 ( online )
  • Decretum Athenienßum pro Hyrcano, Pontisice M. Judaeorum sanctum commentario grammatico - historico - critico illustratum. Leipzig 1751 ( online )
  • Commentatio historico-philologica de provocatione D. Pauli ad Caesarem. Leipzig 1753
  • Observationes in novum testamentum e Flavio Josepho. Leipzig 1755 ( online )
  • Prolusio de Scholis bene Constitutis Eccelesiae et Reipublicae Seminaiis. Leipzig 1764 ( online )
  • Novum Lexicon Graeco-Latinum in Novum DNJC Testamentum; congessit, et annotationibus philologicis in usum scholarum illustravit Christianus Schoettgenius; nunc recensuit, quamplurimis locorum interpretationibus auxit, et variis observationibus philologicis locupletavit JT Krebsius. Leipzig 1765
  • Prolusio de prudentia disciplinae scholasticae regundae. Leipzig 1765, ( online )
  • Progr. De magna vi neglectae educationis liberorum domesticae in disciplinam scholasticam. Grimma 1767
  • De festinato iuvenum discessu e scholis. Grimma 1767
  • Decrcta Romanorum pro. Judaeis facta, e Josepho collecta, et Commentario historico-grammatico-critico illustrata. Leipzig 1768
  • Commendatio lectionis auctorum veterum e Basilii M. disciplina. Leipzig 1772
  • Renovata constitutio scliolastica parentum curae in disciplina domestica commendata. Leipzig 1774
  • Decretura Byzantiorum factum in honorem Atheniensium emendatum et illustratum, prolusio. Leipzig 1776 ( online )
  • Vannus critica in inanes paleas operis elementaris Basedoviani. Leipzig 1776 ( online )
  • Opuscula academica et scholastica; denuo recognita. Leipzig 1778 ( online )
  • Quaestio, publice-nuper posita, soluta: quid caussae sit, quod hac aetate nostra non tot iuvenes bene praeparati, litterisque tam probe instructi in acadcmias, ut olim, veniant? Leipzig 1779
  • Plutarchi Commentarius quomodo Adolescens Poetas avdire, debeat Graece et Latine ex Interpretatione Xylandri Secundus Curis, recensitus emendatus et multis animadversionibus novis illustratus opera. Leipzig 1779 ( online )
  • Idem secundis curis recensitus, emendatus, et multis animadversionibus novis illustratus. Leipzig 1779
  • Progr. De dactyliothecis veterum. Leipzig 1780
  • Vindiciae quorumdam locorum Novi Testamenti, a Joanne Toupio V. Cl. Temere solicitatorum. In: Novis Actis Eruditorum a. 1775 Jul. P. 315-348


Cancer tradition in Grimma

In the auditorium of the St. Augustin high school in Grimma there is a historical oil painting showing Rector Krebs.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Felix Friedrich : Johann Ludwig Krebs. Life and work. Altenburg, 1988, p. 4
  2. Georg Erler: The younger matriculation of the University of Leipzig 1559-1809, edited as a person and place register and supplemented by additions from the doctoral lists. Verlag Giesecke & Devrient, 1909, 3rd vol.
  3. Cornelius Gurlitt: Descriptive representations of the older architectural and art monuments in Saxony. Verlag CC Meinhold & Söhne, Dresden, 1807, p. 108
  4. Sarah Schrempel: The picture dispute between the high school St. Augustin and the district museum Grimma. Grimma 2013, p. 65 in: ( Online PDF )