Josef Karl Homma

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Josef Karl Homma (born February 17, 1891 in Reichenau , Böhmen , † February 22, 1966 in Eisenstadt ) was an Austrian author of historical writings and from 1945 to 1958 director of the state archive , the state library and the regional research center of Burgenland .


Homma graduated from grammar school at the theological institutes in Mautern and Linz and then studied geography, history and Latin in Vienna and Innsbruck . From 1919 to 1923 he taught geography and history at the private high school in Katzelsdorf . After the end of the First World War and the incorporation of Burgenland into Austria, he came to Pinkafeld in Burgenland in 1924 , where he was a teacher at the community school for geography, history and Latin from 1925 to 1938 .

In Pinkafeld he met his future wife, who also supported him in his work, especially with archiving. He became the curator of the Federal Monuments Office for southern Burgenland, researched the archives of the rulers and municipalities and led archaeological excavations. From 1936 to 1938, during the Austro-Fascist era , he was mayor of Pinkafeld. In 1937, almost single-handedly, he made Pinkafeld a town .

Immediately after the annexation of Austria to the German Empire and the division of Burgenland, he was dismissed from his offices in 1938 and transferred to the branch archive of the Niederdonau district in Eisenstadt. In 1945, after the end of the Second World War , he became head of archives and libraries at the Burgenland State Archives . He retired on December 31, 1957. Homma was also a member of the commissions for the historical atlas of the Austrian Alpine countries, the commission for the establishment of the museum of the 1st and 2nd republic, the castles and pastures commission at the Austrian Academy of Sciences , the historical-statistical company “Austria-Sacra ", The radio advisory board of the Burgenland provincial government, the Volksbildungswerk für das Burgenland and co-editor of the magazine" Biblos ", the" Burgenfreundes "(Basel), the" Bibliographie international de inventaires d'archives imprimes "(Paris), and finally a corresponding member of Southeast German Historical Commission (Munich).

Josef Karl Homma died in Eisenstadt in 1966 and was buried in Pinkafeld.

Working as an archivist and author

As the Provincial Archives Director, Homma founded the series “Allgemeine Landestopographie” ( geographical regional studies, folklore, language and name studies ), “Allgemeine Landesbibliographie” ( literature relating to Burgenland ) and “Burgenland Research” ( historical regional studies ) of the Burgenland Provincial Archives. Among other things, he archived the Burgenland family and rulership archives, which are located in the Burgenland State Archives.

His first historical treatises were published before 1938. After 1945, Homma began his journalistic activities more intensively. Up until his death, he wrote numerous works on the history of Burgenland communities and thus made an important contribution to the historical exploration of Burgenland. His special disciplines were the history of settlements and rulers and almost all areas of historical regional studies.

Homma wrote the historical novel The Struggle for Law , published in 1933 and set around 1700. Homma dealt with a conflict between the aristocratic manorial power under Sigismund Batthyány and the privileged Pinkafeld market (see Pinkafeld's history ), power and intrigue games in the end of feudalism . The novel was performed several times, including in 2001 in the version dramatized by Christian Putz as part of the Güssing Castle Games under the direction of director Frank Hoffmann .


In 1932 he received the "Golden Medal" for services to the Republic of Austria . In 1961, Homma was one of the first to be awarded the "Great Decoration of Honor for Services to the Federal State of Burgenland" . In 1966 he was posthumously awarded the ring of honor and thus honorary citizenship of the municipality of Pinkafeld. Pinkafeld named a street in its local area after Homma, Josef-Karl-Homma-Straße.


  • The fight for law. Historical novel from southern Burgenland, Verlag Buchdruckerei Oberwart, Oberwart im Burgenland 1933, DNB 573833176 .
  • Burgenland Provincial Archives: On the history of the rulership of Southern Burgenland (= Burgenland Research , Volume 1), Ferdinant Berger, Horn, Vienna 1947, DNB 363862145 .
  • Burgenland . Explanations of the historical atlas of the Austrian Alpine countries (section 2. The church and county map, part 3), Holzhausen, Vienna 1951, DNB 451155149
  • The pastoral care stations of the apostolic administration Burgenland (= source and literary studies on Austrian church history . Lfg. 5). Herder, Vienna 1960.
  • Burgenland's castles and palaces, forts, ruins, defense towers, fortified churches, fortifications, local mountains, refuge castles , birches, Vienna 1961, DNB 573833168 .
  • The change in the population as well as in the national and confessional population structure of today's southern Burgenland in the period from the implementation of the canonical visitation of Stefan Kazó (1697/98) to the Austrian census in 1961 (= memorial for Harold Steinacker , book series of the Southeast German Historical Commission, Volume 16), Oldenbourg, Munich, 1966.
  • Homma, Prickler, Seedoch: History of the City of Pinkafeld , Pinkafeld, 1987


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Gottfried Pröll: In memory of an important Burgenlander (Homma-Renaissance in Pinkafeld and Güssing) on the homepage of the APA -OTS Original-Textservice, accessed on August 8, 2009
  2. The teachers of the Hauptschule Pinkafeld on the homepage of the Hauptschule Pinkafeld ( Memento from July 15, 2004 in the Internet Archive )
  3. ^ A b Franz Zeiss: Pinkafeld 1945–1987 , self-published by Stadtgemeinde Pinkafeld, Pinkafeld 1987
  4. History of the Burgenland State Archives  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. DOC file, 23 kB, on the homepage of the Burgenland state government, accessed on July 4, 2009@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  5. ^ Family and rulership archives , on the homepage of the Burgenland provincial government, accessed on September 18, 2015
  6. Chronicle of the Güssing Castle Games ( Memento of the original dated February 12, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the homepage of the Burgspiele Güssing, accessed on August 8, 2009 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /