Kingdom of Tahiti
Kingdom of Tahiti
Royaume de Tahiti (French)
Hau Tahiti (Tahitian)
|Official languages||French and Tahitian|
|Form of government||monarchy|
|Head of state||monarch|
|religion||Tahitian religion, Christianity|
|founding||1788 / 1791|
|currency||French franc , pound sterling|
The Kingdom of Tahiti ( French: Royaume de Royaume de Tahiti ; Tahitian : Hau Tahiti ) was founded by Chief Pomaré I after he politically united the Leeward Islands Tahiti , Moorea , Tetiaroa and Mehetia with the help of English missionaries and traders as well as European weapons and at the height of power also ruled the islands of Tuamotu , Tubuai , Raivavae and other islands of eastern Polynesia . The kings have been followers of Christianity since the baptism of Pomaré II . Their progressive rise and recognition by the Europeans allowed the kings of Tahiti to fend off a Spanish plan for colonization as well as English and early claims from France. In the 19th century, the Kingdom of Tahiti belonged to a number of independent Polynesian states within Oceania, along with Raiatea , Huahine , Bora Bora , Hawaii , Samoa , Tonga , Rarotonga and Niue . Tahiti experienced a period of peace and economic progress under the five monarchs.
Tahiti and its outer areas became a French protectorate in 1842 and in 1880 it was largely annexed and converted into a French colony. The monarchy was abolished shortly afterwards by France and since then the islands have belonged to French Polynesia , although there are still pretenders to the throne from the Pomaré dynasty.
The dynasty left clear traces on Tahiti and the surrounding islands. At the height of its power, the Pomaré dynasty ruled from its center Tahiti and Moorea a kingdom that spanned three million square kilometers of ocean, and whose diplomatic relations and cultural influence stretched from the Cook Islands to Easter Island . Her reigns fell during the European Age of Discovery in the Pacific. They produced an unprecedented period of cultural advancement in Tahiti and ruled their people in a time of change and outside intervention. They preserved the traditions and independence for a period of time, but at the same time served as a means of suppressing culture and dedicated themselves to the French demands and favored the subsequent colonization of Tahiti by France.
In February 2009, Tauatomo Mairau claimed to be the heir to the throne of Tahiti and tried in court to reassert monarchy status. His demands were rejected by France.
In 2010 he was pretender to the throne and claimed the title of Prince "Marau of Tahiti". He worked to ensure that former royal property could be returned to him and his family. The French government pledged the land after the Second World War , violating the provisions of the agreement signed with Pomaré V in 1880, which reserved control of the trust areas of the royal family of Tahiti. Banks may be in the process of freezing the assets and Mairau asked that Tahitians not be evicted from the contracting countries and wished that they kept their traditional usage rights over the land. He died in May 2013.
On May 28, 2009, Joinville Pomare, an adopted member of the Pomaré family, proclaimed himself King Pomaré XI in the presence of descendants of the leading chiefs, but this was rejected by members of his own family. Other family members recognized his uncle Léopold Pomare as heir to the throne.
The five kings of Tahiti were:
- Pomaré I (1788–1791), founder of the Kingdom of Tahiti.
- Pomaré II (1774–1821), first king of Tahiti to be baptized.
- Pomaré III. (1821–1827), second eldest son of Pomaré II.
- Pomaré IV. (1827–1877), sister of Pomaré III., She was crowned queen at the age of 14.
- Pomaré V. (1877–1880), son of Pomaré IV and the last king of Tahiti. He was forced to abdicate and cede Tahiti to France.
Flags of the kingdom
- Tahitian royal forms government . In: Radio New Zealand International , January 22, 2006. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- Tahitian land activist claims France disregards 19th century treaties . In: Radio New Zealand International , February 3, 2009. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- New republic of Hau Pakumotu is the world's newest country . In: New republic of Hau Pakumotu is the world's newest country . Archived from the original on November 10, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
- King 'Mairau forged links between Tahiti and Cooks . In: King 'Mairau forges links between Tahiti and Cooks . March 17, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- "Joinville Pomare s'est fait introniser roi Pomare XI" ( page no longer available , search in web archives ), Tahiti Press, May 28, 2009
- Joinville, l'homme qui voulait être roi… . La Dépèche de Tahiti. May 29, 2009. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
- Lorenz Rudolf Gonschor: Law as a Tool of Oppression and Liberation: Institutional Histories and Perspectives on Political Independence in Hawaiʻi, Tahiti Nui / French Polynesia and Rapa Nui . University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu August 2008.