Karl von Plehwe

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Captain Karl von Plehwe

Karl Gustav von Plehwe (born June 30, 1877 in Memel ; † March 27, 1958 in Espelkamp ) was a German officer , landlord and member of the German National People's Party in the East Prussian provincial parliament .



He came from an East Prussian noble family and was the son of the Crown Syndicate and Chancellor in the Kingdom of Prussia, Karl Ludwig von Plehwe , lord of the Dwarischken manor near Schirwindt in the Pillkallen district and a member of the Prussian mansion , and Sophie von Goßler (1845–1879). His maternal grandfather was the Crown Syndicate Karl Gustav von Goßler , Chancellor in the Kingdom of Prussia.

Military career

Plehwe joined the 3rd Guards Regiment on March 17, 1894 as an ensign and was promoted to Second Lieutenant on September 12, 1895 . On April 18, 1899, he was placed à la suite , on leave for a year and then released to reserve . In the same year Plehwe took up a job in agriculture and was from 1909 to February 26, 1941 lord of the family estate Dwarischken.

From 1913 to 1918 he was a member of the Prussian House of Representatives ; from 1921 to 1932 he was a member of the Prussian state parliament .

With the outbreak of World War I and the mobilization , Plehwe was called up and appointed company commander in the 2nd Guard Reserve Regiment. From October 1, 1916, he then acted as battalion commander and two months later received command of the regiment.

After the war he remained at his post and was deployed with his regiment in the Eastern Border Guard . Very soon the regiment strengthened the German troops in the Baltic States as the Freikorps "Plehwe" under the leadership of Rüdiger von der Goltz . Later joined the Union of the Russian Western Volunteers under the leadership of Pavel Bermondt-Awaloff .

1920 arbitration Plehwe from military service and was awarded on 18 January 1921 character as a major in the Reserve awarded. For the German National People's Party he represented the constituency of Gumbinnen (Pillkallen) in the East Prussian provincial parliament for the entire duration of the Weimar Republic . Appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the Reserve on November 1, 1936 , Plehwe received the character of Reserve Colonel on August 27, 1939, the so-called Tannenberg Day.

In July 1944 he fled to the West.


Plehwe's first marriage was on November 18, 1905 at Gut Abbarten near Deutsch Wilten Berta von Alt-Stutterheim (* December 25, 1879 at Gut Abbarten; † December 16, 1919 in Königsberg ), the daughter of Elimar von Alt-Stutterheim, landowner on Abbarten, and Anna von Boddien . In his second marriage on November 14, 1922 at Gut Sophienthal, he married Erika von Alt-Stutterheim, widowed in 1918 (born February 21, 1881 at Gut Sophienthal; † after 1956), the daughter of the Prussian cavalry master Fritz von Alt-Stutterheim, landlord of Sophienthal , and Elisabeth von Stutterheim. The couple had three children and lived in Espelkamp-Mittwald in 1956 .



  • Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelige Häuser B Volume II, p. 307, Volume 12 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1956.
  • Karl-Friedrich Hildebrand, Christian Zweng: The knights of the order Pour le Mérite of the First World War. Volume 3: P-Z. Biblio Verlag, Bissendorf 2011, ISBN 3-7648-2586-3 , pp. 38-39.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Federal Archives
  2. ^ Rüdiger von der Goltz: My mission in Finland and in the Baltic States .
  3. ↑ Directory of members of the East Prussian Provincial Parliament (Korfmacher)