The monastery was founded in 1295 by Konrad von Neumarkt and his wife Adelheid from the Nuremberg patrician family of the Pfinzing von Henfenfeld . The monastery church, which is also remarkable for its structural features, was consecrated in 1297. The monastery became of particular importance in the course of the church reform efforts of the early 15th century, when it was reformed in 1428 by the Schönensteinbach monastery and accepted strict rule observation , not least at the instigation of the Nuremberg Council . From then on a flourishing spiritual and spiritual life developed, so that the monastery soon assumed a leading position among the Dominican convents in the province of Teutonia. Numerous other monasteries were reformed from the Katharinenkloster. However, after the imperial city of Nuremberg had joined the Lutheran Reformation , the convention was doomed to extinction after 1525 despite attempts to resist. After the death of the last members of the monastery in 1596, the monastery was closed.
From then until 1620 the monastery buildings were used as a meeting room for the Nuremberg Mastersingers , who were then housed in the Katharinenkirche until 1778. In 1699 the Academy of Fine Arts, founded in 1662, moved into the building and held its lectures there until the end of the imperial city period in 1806. The former monastery thus became one of the most important places for art education in schools in Germany during the Baroque period.
Thereafter, the rooms were used for changing secular and cultural purposes, including as a political meeting place during the revolution of 1848 and as a temporary exhibition space for the Reichskleinodien (1938/39) during the National Socialist era. After it was destroyed by air raids in 1945 , the former St. Katharina's monastery church has been used for events such as open-air concerts since the ruins were secured in 1970/71 because of its special acoustics .
The St. Katharina Open Air , where international and national musicians perform for several weeks, takes place annually in July and August . The repertoire ranges from blues to rock'n'roll to hip-hop, for example.
Former monastery library
The former Katharinenkloster is of lasting importance due to its library. Compiled from various sources, including with the help of our own scriptorium , it is the largest documented German-speaking monastery library of the 15th century with its approx. 500–600 verifiable volumes. Based on the information in the library catalog that was preserved at the time and numerous other identifiable codices, this library can serve as a basis for research into numerous aspects, especially the history of piety and literature, as well as general cultural and social history. A research project to provide the necessary sources has existed since 2006 at the University of Erlangen.
- Medieval library catalogs in Germany and Switzerland . Vol. 3, part 3: Diocese of Bamberg. Edited by Paul Ruf. 1939; Reprint Munich 1969, ISBN 978-3-406-00689-0
- Karin Schneider : The library of the Katharinenkloster in Nuremberg and the city society. In: Bernd Moeller et al. (Hrsg.): Studies on urban education in the late Middle Ages and early modern times. Report on colloquia of the commission for the study of the culture of the late Middle Ages, 1978 to 1981. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1983 (treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, phil.-hist. Class III, 137), pp. 70–83
- Karin Schneider: The German medieval manuscripts. Description of the book decoration: Heinz Zirnbauer ( The manuscripts of the Nuremberg City Library, Vol. I ). Harrasowitz, Wiesbaden 1965 (see below: Weblinks)
- Barbara Steinke: Paradise Garden or Prison? The Nuremberg Katharinenkloster between monastery reform and reformation. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2006 (Late Middle Ages and Reformation. New Series, Vol. 30) ISBN 978-3-16-148883-2
- Gerhard Weilandt: Everyday life of a sexton - The furnishings and liturgical use of the choir and nunnery of the Nuremberg Dominican Church based on the unknown "Notel of the sexton" (1436). In: Anna Moraht-Fromm (Ed.): Art and Liturgy. Choir systems of the late Middle Ages - their architecture, equipment and use. Ostfildern 2003, pp. 159–187
- Antje Willing: Literature and Order Reform in the 15th Century. German Last Supper in Nuremberg's Katharinenkloster. Waxmann, Münster et al. 2004 (Studies and Texts on the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times, Vol. 4), ISBN 978-3-8309-1331-3
- Antje Willing: The library of the St. Katharina monastery in Nuremberg. Synoptic representation of the book directories. Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-05-005546-6
- Office for Culture and Leisure of the City of Nuremberg - Katharinenkloster
- K. Schneider: Manuscripts of the Nuremberg City Library
- Review of the book by Steinke (PDF; 113 kB)
- Review of the book by Willing
- Pictures from the Katharinenkloster in Baukunst Nürnberg
- See Willing (see below: literature), p. 21
- The St. Katharina Open Air in Nuremberg on nuernberg.de, accessed on June 4, 2018
- See web links: library. For the network of manuscript connections see among others: Siegfried Ringler: Viten- und Revelationsliteratur in women's monasteries of the Middle Ages. Sources and Studies. Artemis, Munich 1980 (Munich Texts and Studies on German Medieval Literature 72), pp. 45–59
- See literature: Paul Ruf
- See web links: library