Aiguebelle Monastery

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Aiguebelle Cistercian Abbey
Aiguebelle Abbey
Aiguebelle Abbey
location FranceFrance France
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region,
Drôme department
Lies in the diocese Valence
Coordinates: 44 ° 27 '43 "  N , 4 ° 50' 32"  E Coordinates: 44 ° 27 '43 "  N , 4 ° 50' 32"  E
Serial number
according to Janauschek
Patronage St. Mary
founding year 1137
Year of dissolution /
Year of repopulation 1816 by Trappists
Mother monastery Morimond Monastery
Primary Abbey Morimond Monastery
Congregation (Trappists)

Daughter monasteries

Frayssinet Monastery (1160)
Féniers Monastery (1173)
and seven subsidiaries founded since 1843

The Aiguebelle Abbey ( lat . Abbatia Aqua bella or Abbatia BM de Acquabella ; double. Abbaye Notre-Dame d'Aiguebelle ) is a 1816 by Trappist repopulated Cistercian abbey in the town of Montjoyer in Drôme region Auvergne Rhône-Alpes , in France , around 18 km southeast of Montélimar in a wooded valley called Val-Honnête near the border of the Dauphiné and Provence .


The monastery was founded in 1137 by Gontard Loup, Lord of Rochefort and the Branch Morimond settled whose filiation belonged to it. The first subsidiary was founded near Pierrelatte ; the resulting Frayssinet monastery remained ephemeral and soon became a grangie . In 1173 the daughter of Féniers Monastery in Auvergne was founded . Count Raymond V of Toulouse granted the monastery exemption from taxes in 1160, which King Louis the Saint confirmed in 1255. Aiguebelle owned the great Grangie Combemaure at Vivarais . In the 15th century the number of monks fell sharply. In 1490 the coming was introduced. During the Wars of Religion , the monastery was set on fire in 1562. After 1585 the restoration took place. In 1791 the monastery was closed during the French Revolution . During the Restoration in 1816, under Augustin de Lestrange, the Trappists (Cistercians of the strict observance) who moved to the Charterhouse La Valsainte in the canton of Friborg in Switzerland were repopulated . Numerous subsidiaries were founded from Aiguebelle, among them the Staouëli monastery in Algeria in 1843, the Notre-Dame des Neiges monastery in 1849 , and the Sainte-Marie du Désert monastery in 1852 . a. the foundation of Viaceli monastery in Spain, in 1863 Notre-Dame des Dombes Abbey , in 1873 Acey Monastery was taken over and in 1876 Bonnecombe Monastery . The monastery church Notre-Dame d'Aiguebelle received the rank of a minor basilica in 1937 . The monastery operates u. a. a chocolate factory in Donzère and accommodates guests with the intention of stopping off or on a pilgrimage.

Monastic choir of the Romanesque abbey church

Buildings and plant

The restored, exceptionally low church with a length of 50 m in the shape of a Latin cross was built in the late 12th century. The choir and chapels were later changed. The nave is vaulted with groin vaults and has three bays in the central nave and six bays in the side aisles - according to the bound system. The transepts are single-bay with two semi-circular side chapels each. The enclosure is south of the church. The side length of the cloister is 29 m. Only the corners are groin-vaulted. The north gallery and east gallery are closed off by a slightly tapered round barrel. The chapter house has six groin vaults resting on two pillars . The two-aisled monk's hall has round pillars. The simple refectory is vaulted with a slightly pointed barrel vault. The adjacent kitchen is also barrel vaulted. The Konversentrakt is separated from the cloister by a Konversengasse, the dormitory of which has been preserved.


  • Marylène Marcel-Ponthier: Aiguebelle dans la Drôme. L'histoire longue et mouvementée d'une abbaye cistercienne et de ses filles: Bouchet, Bonlieu, Maubec, Staouëli, Tibhirine ... Guilherand-Granges 2013.
  • Bernard Peugniez: Le Guide routier de l'Europe cistercienne . Strasbourg 2012, pp. 339-340.
  • Bernard Peugniez: Routier cistercien. Abbayes et sites. France, Belgique, Luxembourg, Suisse. Nouvelle édition augmentée. Éditions Gaud, Moisenay 2001, ISBN 2-84080-044-6 , pp. 433-435.
  • Michel Wullschleger: Aiguebelle - porte du Midi. In: Dossiers d'Archéologie. No. 234, 1998, ISSN  1141-7137 , pp. 6-7.
  • Anselme Dimier , Jean Porcher: The Art of the Cistercians in France. Zodiaque Echter, Würzburg 1986, ISBN 3-429-01026-8 , pp. 189-224 (with two floor plans).

Web links

Commons : Aiguebelle Monastery  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual proof

  1. ^ Basilique Notre-Dame d'Aiguebelle on