Kurt-Jürgen von Lützow

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Kurt-Jürgen Freiherr von Lützow (born August 7, 1892 in Marienwerder ( West Prussia ), † July 20, 1961 in Hanover ) was a German officer , most recently lieutenant general in World War II .

Origin and education

His great-grandfather was Freiherr Leopold von Lützow (1786–1844), Prussian general, brother of Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow . On January 20, 1914, Lützow came from the Cadet Corps as a lieutenant in the Leib Grenadier Regiment "King Friedrich Wilhelm III." (1st Brandenburg) No. 8 .

First World War

After the outbreak of the First World War , from November 4, 1914, he was employed as adjutant of the 1st Battalion and at the same time as deputy orderly officer in the staff of the 9th Infantry Brigade. Lützow received command of the 6th Company on May 3, 1915  and was appointed regimental adjutant on August 25, 1915. On May 18, 1917 he came to the 10th Infantry Brigade, where he was used as an adjutant. On August 18, 1917, he was promoted to first lieutenant . As such, he was transferred to the staff of the Chief of the General Staff of the Field Army on February 26, 1918 .


After the end of the war, Lützow was accepted into the Reichswehr and initially employed as an auxiliary officer in Military District Command III and from October 1, 1920 on the staff of the 3rd Division . On November 1, 1921 he was transferred to the 14th Cavalry Regiment and eleven months later to the 6th Infantry Regiment in Lübeck . Lützow was to belong to this regiment in various functions until September 30, 1934. From June 1, 1924, he was chief of the 15th Company in Lauenburg , from February 1, 1929 in the same position at the 10th Company in Flensburg and from April 1, 1932, finally, in the staff of the 2nd Battalion in Lübeck. In the meantime they had Lutzow on April 1, 1925 to captain , and on May 1, 1934. Major transported. As such he received on October 1, 1934 command of the III. Battalion of the Potsdam Infantry Regiment.


In 1935 he was transferred to the newly established Infantry Regiment 67 and commander of the III. Battalions. As a lieutenant colonel (since October 1, 1936) he came to the General Command of the II Army Corps on April 1, 1937 and was given the command as 1st Adjutant to Field Marshal August von Mackensen . He was promoted to colonel on June 1, 1939 and appointed commander of the 89 Infantry Regiment on August 26, 1939. At the beginning of the Second World War, Lützow commanded the regiment first during the attack on Poland , then in the western campaign in 1940 and finally during the attack on the Soviet Union in 1941. On December 17, 1941, Lützow was promoted to major general and on February 8, 1942, he gave up the regiment. During this time Kurt-Jürgen von Lützow was involved in war crimes, as subordinates testified. He was first transferred to the Führerreserve and on March 1, 1942, appointed commander of the 12th Infantry Division and promoted to lieutenant general on January 1, 1943. On June 1, 1944 he was replaced and reassigned to the Führerreserve, in which he was commanded from June 12 to July 8, 1944 for the course for commanding generals in Hirschberg. After the start of the Soviet offensive Operation Bagration , von Lützow took over the leadership of the XXXV on June 25, 1944 . Army corps commissioned, which was almost completely wiped out in the Battle of Bobruisk by June 29, 1944.

Captivity during World War II

Von Lützow was able to break out of the pocket with parts of the corps. He came on 5 July 1944 the east bank of the Berezina River in Soviet captivity . During his imprisonment he worked in the Association of German Officers , which was organized in the National Committee for Free Germany . In this function Lützow was one of the signatories of the appeal of the 17 generals of July 27, 1944 and the appeal to the people and the armed forces of December 8, 1944. On January 16, 1956 he was released from captivity.



Individual evidence

  1. Hannes Heer (Ed.): "Women who serve in the Red Army are always to be shot." Confessions of German prisoners of war about their use on the Eastern Front . Hamburg 1995, p. 63 .
  2. Text online at pkgodzik.de (PDF; 53 kB).
  3. a b c d e f Ranking list of the German Reichsheeres , Ed .: Reichswehr Ministry . Mittler & Sohn Verlag, Berlin 1930, p. 141.
  4. Veit Scherzer : Knight's Cross bearers 1939-1945. The holders of the Iron Cross of the Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and armed forces allied with Germany according to the documents of the Federal Archives. 2nd Edition. Scherzers Militaer-Verlag, Ranis / Jena 2007, ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2 , p. 519.