Lambert Sustris (* around 1515 in Amsterdam ; † unknown, perhaps after 1591 in Venice ) was a Dutch painter who worked mainly in Italy and there especially in Venice. In Italy he was also known as Alberto de Olanda (Albert from Holland). Lambert Sustris created both mannerist mythological scenes and impressive portraits.
Lambert Sustris was born in Amsterdam. He was probably trained in Haarlem or in Utrecht , around Maarten van Heemskerck or by Jan van Scorel . Nevertheless, he spent most of his life in Italy, where he was drawn from very early on. He first went to Rome in the early 1530s . He stayed there at the same time as Heemskerck before moving to Venice around 1535. Presumably he made his living there between 1542 and 1544 as a member of Titian's workshop . There he specialized in landscape painting . It has been and is claimed that he worked on the landscape for the painting of the Temple of Mary by Titian. The influence of Venus de Urbino is evident in his Sleeping Venus (1538–1543, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum ).
After meeting the successors of Francesco Salviati , he adopted their elegant and linear Florentine mannerism in his own colouristic and Venetian style. In the years 1543 to 1548 he appears in some Paduan documents, he painted frescoes in villas in and around Padua . He created a number of elegant, classic scenes. Giorgio Vasari , for example, attributed the decor of the Villa Pellegrini to him. The frescoes in the Villa Lurigliano do Torreglia near Padua have recently been ascribed to him. With these, he anticipates Paolo Veronese by mixing large landscapes with painted architecture. The Virgin on the throne with Saints Jérôme and Anton (Padua, Santa Maria in Vanzo), which is based on the Pesaro Madonna by Titian, also dates from this period .
1548 Sustris held, probably along with Titian, who was then court painter of Emperor Charles V , was on the Reichstag in Augsburg on. A number of portraits of Fugger and rulers were created here, such as the portrait of Wilhelm IV von Waldburg-Trauchburg ( Bavarian State Painting Collection , Munich). In 1985, Hans Ost also questioned the famous portrait of Emperor Charles V in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich , which has long been ascribed to Titian , and instead attributed it to Lambert Sustris. However, this re-attribution has not been clearly proven, and other experts believe it is possible that (at least) the design came from Titian himself, but that the execution was taken over by a workshop assisted by Sustris.
A second stay in Augsburg with Titian was to follow between 1550 and 1551 . After this stay in Germany , Sustris' trail is lost. Probably he returned to Venice and Padua. During this time he was increasingly influenced by Parmigianino and Andrea Schiavone . His style consequently developed away from the classic towards a mannerist expression.
Both the place of his death and the time of his death are unknown. Some of the data given differ by more than 30 years. It is generally believed, however, that he died in Italy; it is unclear whether in Padua or Venice.
Sustris taught painting to his son Friedrich Sustris , but he became more of an architect and builder. He was also a teacher of Girolamo Muzianos .
Titian or Sustris (?): Emperor Karl V (1548), 205 × 122 cm,
oil on canvas,
Alte Pinakothek , Munich
Madonna and Child, St. Anna and little Johannes d. Baptist ,
oil on canvas,
Borghese Gallery , Rome
Allegory of Fortune ,
oil on canvas,
Musée des Beaux-Arts , Besançon
Venus and Cupid (1554), 132 × 184 cm,
oil on canvas,
Louvre , Paris
The article is mainly based on the following sources:
- Hans Ost : Lambert Sustris. The portraits of Emperor Charles V in Munich and Vienna . Cologne 1985
- Sydney J. Freedberg: Pelican History of Art (Ed.): Painting in Italy, 1500–1600 . Penguin Books Ltd., 1993, pp. 534-535.
- Lacotte, Couzin: Dictionnaire de la peinture, Larousse ( online )
- Works by Lambert Sustris at Zeno.org .
- Short biography of Lambert Sustris (English) ( Memento of 11 March 2007 at the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Lambert Sustris L'Express Culture (French)
- ^ Meyers Großes Universallexikon, Volume 13. Meyers Lexikonverlag 1985
- ^ Bartz, König: Louvre: Art and Architecture. Könemann 2005, p. 312
- ^ Strätling, Witte: The visibility of writing. Fink 2006, p. 64
- ^ Bartz, König: Louvre: Art and Architecture. Könemann 2005, p. 313
- ↑ Lambert Sustris Encyclopédie Larousse (French)
- ↑ New insights and methods in the “attribution” of works of art Der Spiegel 19/1986
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Sustris, Lamberd|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Dutch artist and painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1515|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Amsterdam|
|DATE OF DEATH||after 1591|
|Place of death||Venice|