List of spirit beings in voodoo

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List of spirit beings in voodoo

A loa is a spirit in voodoo with great power and almost unlimited possibilities. The loa are said to be able to grant almost any wish to those who adore them. Each has a specific aspect which is called a nachon (nation) in the Creole language . Beneficent Loa are assigned to the Rada -Nachon, destructive ones to the Petro -Nachon and those concerned with life and death to the Ghede -Nachon. Bondyè is the only god in voodoo.

For many Loa, the symbol corresponds to the appearance. The individual loa also differ from one another by their representational and sometimes colored symbolism, preferred offerings and individual areas of responsibility . Not all criteria are listed for all loa, since in voodoo there is no normative tradition or binding teaching hierarchy. In these cases the relevant table positions remain empty.

Deities of voodoo

God Jurisdiction
Bondye as the only , distant, benevolent god creator and lord of all nachons and loa in Caribbean voodoo. He is the deity in New World Voodoo.
Mawu-Lisa as the only , distant, benevolent deity, creator and mistress of all nachons and loa. She is the bisexual deity in the African Vodun.

The deities are neither called upon directly nor given sacrifices; the respective responsible Loa mediate directly between the material and the beyond.

Significant loa

Loa Nachon symbol colour Victim Jurisdiction
Adjasou Rada bulging eyes, sullen demeanor Cognac, vermouth, rum lives in the Mombin fruit tree
Agassou Rada claw-like hands Protector of the Fon and Yoruba
Agau Petro Thunder, tremor Earthquakes and storms
Agwe Rada, Petro Conch shell Blue, white, sea green, brown two white sheep Sea, seafaring
Ayida Rada Rainbow, snake Blue White White chickens, eggs, rice, milk, cotton supreme benevolent loa alongside Damballah ; specifically responsible for human sexuality
Ayizan Rada Mound of earth splashed with oil, surrounded by palm fronds White, silver, gold Taps; also non-alcoholic drinks Guardian spirit of markets, public places, doors and barriers (within the material world); Initiation of new believers
Azacca Ghede Tobacco pipe, burlap sack, straw hat Green, blue, red white rum and manioc schnapps , rural dishes: boiled corn, oil-soaked bread, fried offal, raw sugar physical work, love for young girls; also protective spirit of the rural population and of food
Bakulu Petro Chains any sacrifice to appease the loa; left in the forest evil forest spirit; is not called
Bath Rada, Petro wind
Badessy Sky (planetary)
Baron Samedi Ghede Grave cross violet Cigarettes and rum Protector of the dead
Bosou Koblamin Petro triple horned head Pigs Guardian spirit in war, especially at night
breeze Rada owl spotted hens Protector of the hills and forests, loves children
Congo Petro Mixed drinks and meals with allspice ; dress handsome but apathetic loa
Congo savanna Petro White Cannibalism ; should not be called
Damballah Rada Snake White Eggs highest benevolent loa next to Ayida
Dinclusin and Chalotte Loa couple; joint responsibility for the precise execution of rituals and the languages ​​of Haiti
Erzulie Rada as Erzulie Freda, Petro as Erzulie Dantor or Erzulie Jan Petro Heart pierced with sword Pink in Rada, golden yellow and navy blue in Petro Jewels, perfume, sweet cakes, liquors Romantic love (in the Rada), protection from domestic violence and the patroness of New Orleans (in the Petro). Also protective spirit of homosexuality
Filomez Rada broom Light blue, green, yellow and white Bouquets of flowers Eliminator of all misfortunes. Is interreligiously equated with the Catholic saint Philomena of Rome and associated with water.
Ghede see Baron Samedi
Gran Boa Rada different dishes Protector of the game
Grande Ezili Walking stick
Gran Simba Petro golden crowned snake Copper red, lime green Head of the Simbi (water spirits)
Ibo Lele Petro different dishes Independent, hateful, proud and ambitious loa to be sacrificed to alone
Jean Petro Petro supreme destructive loa; is the resistance to the bondage associated
Kalfu Petro moon red gunpowder mixed rum regulates the access of the petro-loa to the material world
Krabinay Petro red a group of diabolical, courageous and cynical loa, but also helpers in hopeless situations
Legba Rada Walking stick Red, green, pink Cereals and luxury foods opens the entrance to the material world for the other Rada-Loa
Lemba Iron bar
Linglessu Petro distorted voice salted goat meat (especially the tip of the tongue, ears, front teeth, and tip of the tail) is compared with the masonry associated
Linto Ghede childish behaviour Protector of children
Loco Rada Servant with tobacco pipe Tree bark, living flowers (to be sacrificed by planting) physical health, patron of doctors and healers, also protective spirit of forests and medicinal plants
Maman Brigitte Ghede white woman with red hair in black dress violet black chickens Guardian of the cemeteries
Marasa Petro Twins who died as small children any food Avengers for promises not kept
Marinette Petro Screech owl red black pigs and goats, staked roosters Violence of all kinds; the most feared loa
Obatala Rada, Petro White clothing White edible snails prenatal development of children, positive or negative. In the belief of the Yoruba, however, the highest spirit being
Ogoun Petro Saber rammed into the earth orange red pigs and roosters; rum War, political power; Patron of the forge
Simbi Andezo Rada in fresh water, Petro in sea water Snake green Rainwater, snakeskin, candles, ribbons Loa associated with the water, which is also said to impart clairvoyance
Siren and Whale Always a common adored couple of loa, connected to the sea, task and place in the spiritual world within the voodoo disputed
Sobo Kessou Rada White, lime green Lamb and goat meat Physical strength loa; also protective spirit against supernatural diseases
Soybo Petro polished stones Loa of lightning, also protector of flags
Taureau-trois-graines Petro Bull with three testicles grass destructive anger; at the same time the patron saint of the city of Jacmel in southeast Haiti
Ti-Jean-Petro Petro Appear as a one-legged, red-eyed man or as a skeleton yellow black magic

Individual evidence

Unless otherwise stated or documented in the articles on the individual loa: Jan Chatland, Descriptions of Various Loa of Voodoo . Webster University , Spring 1990.

Further sources:

  1. Houngansydney: Kouzen Zaka . 5th October 2014
  2. Irene Monroe: The Roots of Voodoo's Acceptance of Gays . Huffington Post , November 2, 2011
  3. Sydney Noel: Filomez . 5th October 2014
  4. Sosyete de Marche: Gran Simba ( Memento of December 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) February 29, 2020
  5. ^ Sydney Noel: Ti Jean Petro . 5th October 2014