|Height :||0 m above sea level NN|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1972|
|Postal code :||26759|
|Area code :||04925|
Loppersum is a district of the municipality of Hinte in East Friesland with around 1400 inhabitants and is located six kilometers north of Emden on the B 210 in the direction of Aurich . To the east of Loppersum is the Loppersumer Meer nature reserve . The Knockster Tief flows through the village, creating the connection to that inland lake. The Alte Greetsieler Sieltief branches off from the Knockster Tief in Loppersum.
Loppersum was first mentioned in 1379 under the name Lopsum , but the place has certainly been inhabited for much longer. Loppersum was the chief seat of the Allenas. 1379 defeated Ocko I tom Brok here Folkmar Allena in the historic Battle of Loppersum and destroyed the local castles. After the death of Tom Brok in 1404, the place came back under the rule of Folkmar Allena . With the district reform of 1885 he came to the district of Emden . In the district reform of 1932, Emden became a district and Loppersum became part of the north district .
For centuries, the natural depths and drainage channels that crisscross the Krummhörn in a dense network were the most important modes of transport. Not only the villages but also many farms were connected to the city of Emden and the port of Greetsiel via ditches and canals. The boat traffic with Emden was particularly important. Village boatmen took over the supply of goods from the city and delivered agricultural products in the opposite direction: “From the Sielhafenort, smaller ships, so-called Loogschiffe, transported the cargo to the inland and supplied the marsh villages (loog = village). The Loogschiffe from the Krummhörn enlivened the canals of the city of Emden into the 20th century. ”As early as 1824, the cultural historian Fridrich Arends wrote in his description of the land of the Principality of East Friesland and the Harlingerland :“ There is no office more abundant than this with water. (…) In winter and spring, the grain and other goods are always transported by water both in this and in the Greetmer office, which is extremely useful in the case of the poor dirt roads in the season. "
Peat, which was mostly extracted in the East Frisian Fehnen , played an important role as heating material for the inhabitants of the Krummhörn for centuries . The peat ships brought the material on the East Frisian canal network to the Krummhörn villages, including to Loppersum. On their way back into the Fehnsiedlungen the Torfschiffer often took clay soil from the march and the manure of cattle with which they their home were dug fertilized land.
In the choir there are old grave slabs from the 16th and 17th centuries. The pulpit was made in 1865 by a master craftsman from Greetsiel. The one-manual organ with 9 registers dates from 1868. The sacrament crockery dates from 1841 (chalice), 1875 (plate) and 1902 (jug). This includes a Bible for the Lord's Supper from 1875. The pewter-made baptismal crockery is still preserved: baptismal bowl from 1831, jug from 1883. The hour bell on the roof rider dates from 1454 and is called "Maria". Next to the church is the bell tower, which dates back to the 14th century. The three bells bear the years 1411, 1743 and 1965.
Economy and Transport
There are only a few commercial enterprises in Loppersum, most of them in the hospitality sector. The majority of the residents work outside the village, with the port city of Emden being the most important due to its proximity.
The regional road connection takes place via the federal highway 210 , which passes directly to the east of the place. Only farmsteads east of the town center are separated from it by the main road. The closest motorway junction is Emden-Mitte on the A31 , just a few kilometers south of Loppersum. Although the place is on the railway line from Emden to the north , trains have not stopped at Loppersum station, which was dismantled in 1993, for decades.
- Reinhard Hegewald , former CDU member of the state parliament
- Loppersum . (PDF; 826 kB) local chronicles of the East Frisian landscape
- Harm Wiemann, Johannes Engelmann: Old streets and ways in East Friesland . Self-published, Pewsum 1974, p. 169 (East Frisia in the protection of the dyke; 8)
- Fridrich Arends: Earth description of the principality of East Friesland and the Harlingerland . Emden 1824, p. 279 ff., Textarchiv - Internet Archive
- Gunther Hummerich: The peat shipping of the Fehntjer in Emden and the Krummhörn in the 19th and 20th centuries. In: Emder Yearbook for Historical Regional Studies in Ostfriesland , Volume 88/89 (2008/2009), pp. 142–173, here p. 163.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 263 .