Ludwig Dreifuss

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Ludwig Dreifuss (born August 28, 1883 in Munich , † April 15, 1960 in Murnau am Staffelsee ) was a German lawyer and politician. In 1945/46 he was acting mayor of Augsburg .


After studying law in Erlangen and Munich, Dreifuß worked as a lawyer in Augsburg from 1911. During the First World War , he served in the artillery at the front . At the beginning of the 1920s he joined the SPD . In 1933, 1934 and 1938 he was taken into protective custody because of his Jewish origins . On November 30, 1938, his license to practice as a lawyer was revoked for good. The only reason he was able to keep his license for so long was because he was intermarried . In 1938 he sent his then 15-year-old son to the United States. In February 1945 Dreifuss was finally deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp . After the end of the Second World War, he returned to Augsburg as the only survivor of four siblings and was appointed acting Lord Mayor of the city of Augsburg on September 1, 1945 by the American military government. In 1946 he was a member of the state constituent assembly in Bavaria . Also from 1946 to 1948, after the CSU had achieved a majority in the city council, he was second mayor as Social Democrat after Otto Weinkamm .



  • Reinhard Weber: The Fate of Jewish Lawyers in Bavaria after 1933 . Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-486-58060-4 , 323 pages
  • Günther Grünsteudel , Günter Hägele, Rudolf Frankenberger (eds.): Augsburger Stadtlexikon. 2nd Edition. Perlach, Augsburg 1998, ISBN 3-922769-28-4 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ History of the Augsburg synagogue
  2. List of holders of the Federal Order of Merit (Federal President's Office)