Ludwig Penz

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Monument to Ludwig Penz in Schwaz

Ludwig Penz (born August 13, 1876 in Telfes im Stubai , † November 4, 1918 in Schwaz ) was an Austrian sculptor and medalist .


The farmer's son from the Stubai turned out to be a skilled carver at a young age. At the urging of the pastor of Fulpmes , who recognized his talent, he was able to complete an apprenticeship with the sculptor Franz Kobald in Schwaz from 1891 . He then studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in the Christian art class of Alois Delug and from 1903 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich in the sculpture school for Christian art and with Wilhelm von Rümann . Presumably in Munich he met the Schwaz painter Emanuel Raffeiner , with whom he was on friendly terms. In 1909 he went on a study trip to Italy. In 1913/14 he taught at the industrial carving school in Bozen . Influenced by the art of Auguste Rodin , Constantin Meunier and Édouard Manet , Penz became the founder of Impressionist wood carving in Tyrol and a innovator of modern wood sculpture.

Christmas crib figures by Ludwig Penz around 1900

Penz mainly created small reliefs and figures in wood, bronze and majolica as well as numerous Christmas cribs . He broke with the traditional design of the nativity scene and, alongside Josef Bachlechner the Elder, founded the Tyrolean artists' nativity scene of the 20th century. Penz also created numerous medals and copper works . The Speckbacher monument in Hall in Tirol is one of his few large sculptures . In 1905, Penz took part in the competition, which he won on the advice of jury member Franz Defregger .


In Schwaz, Ludwig-Penz-Straße was named after the sculptor. In this street, on the outside of the wall of the former cemetery, there is a bronze bust of Penz ', created in 1996 by Walter Mair, in a niche.


Speckbacher monument in Hall
  • Madonna, high altar, Pill parish church , around 1900
  • Free sculpture Christ on the Mount of Olives, Schwaz, 1907
  • Speckbacher monument, Hall in Tirol, 1908
  • Stucco reliefs with the personification of electricity, administration building of Stadtwerke Schwaz, 1910
  • Stucco reliefs with genre representations Reconstruction of a house , residential and commercial building Franz-Josef-Straße 6, Schwaz, around 1910
  • Statue of Jörg von Frundsberg , Museum Schloss Freundsberg , copy at the Schwaz town hall, 1916


Web links

Commons : Ludwig Penz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 02672 Ludwig Penz , register book 1884-1920 of the Academy of Fine Arts Munich. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  2. Helmuth Oehler: Tiroler Künstlerkrippen of the 20th Century ( Memento of the original from January 13, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved January 13, 2017. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b City of Schwaz: Ludwig-Penz-Straße . Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  4. ^ Bader, Wiesauer: wayside shrine with sculpture by the sculptor Ludwig Penz. In: Tyrolean art register . Retrieved January 12, 2017 .
  5. Fingernail-Grüll, Wiesauer: Free sculpture Christ on the Mount of Olives. In: Tyrolean art register . Retrieved August 11, 2016 .
  6. ^ Frick, Wiesauer: Monument to Josef Speckbacher, Speckbacher monument. In: Tyrolean art register . Retrieved July 15, 2016 .
  7. Wiesauer: Administration building of the Stadtwerke. In: Tyrolean art register . Retrieved August 11, 2016 .
  8. ^ Bader, Wiesauer: Residential and commercial building. In: Tyrolean art register . Retrieved January 13, 2017 .
  9. ^ Bader, Wiesauer: City Office, Town Hall, former trading house. In: Tyrolean art register . Retrieved January 13, 2017 .