|Breeding number||INRA 1810-68|
|Art||Grape vine ( Vitis vinifera subsp. Vinifera )|
|Institute||Domaine de Vassal, a branch of the Institut National de la Recherche en Agronomie of the University of Montpellier|
|List of grape varieties|
Marselan is a red wine variety , a new breed between the varieties Cabernet Sauvignon x Grenache Noir . The crossing took place in 1961 by the French ampelographer Paul Truel in the Domaine de Vassal, a branch of the Institut National de la Recherche en Agronomie of the University of Montpellier . The name Marselan is based on the place name Marseillan , where the variety was first grown. It was not until 1990 that the variety was included in the variety list of the CTPS. Since June 2007, the US Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau has approved the listing of the grape variety on the label of imported wines.
The aim of the breeding was to combine the finesse of a Cabernet Sauvignon with the heat resistance of a Grenache. The variety has very small berries, which results in a low yield. In this respect, the breeding goal of resemblance to Cabernet Sauvignon was not achieved and little attention was paid to the variety for many years. It is only its natural robustness against a large number of vine diseases that makes the variety interesting for winemakers. The first single- variety Marselan wine came from 2002 and was pressed near Carcassonne on the Domaine Devereux winery . The Marselan has established itself particularly in the region of the Costières de Nîmes and is popular as a balanced and fruity red wine with an emphasis on tannins . Small stocks are also known in Switzerland . (1.68 ha, as of 2015, source: Office fédéral de l'agriculture OFAG) The grape variety is predicted to be a resounding success for viticulture in China in 2016.
The medium-late maturing variety (22-25 days after Chasselas ) has been approved since 1997 in the South of France and the largest share of land under vines (2,255 hectares as of 2007) is in the department of Aude , Herault and Gard . Smaller plantings are also known in Lebanon , Uruguay and the USA. In California , the seedlings are used in particular in the wine-growing areas of the North Coast AVA . For some years now, the grape variety has also been cultivated with great success in Bulgaria (Thracian Plain).
- Page no longer available , search in web archives: The Wine Year 2008 (PDF) ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Editor Office fédéral de l'agriculture OFAG
- Marselan grape variety before the breakthrough in China Vinaria on June 13, 2016
- Marselan tipped as China's potential leading grape Decanter from August 2016
- Les cepages noirs dans le vignoble (PDF) ( Memento of January 20, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), statistics on red grape varieties per greater region, part 1, publication by the Office national interprofessionnel des fruits, des legumes, des vins et de l'horticulture - ONIVINS for short, as of 2008
- Les cepages noirs dans le vignoble (PDF) ( Memento from March 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), statistics on red grape varieties per greater region, part 2, publication by the Office national interprofessionnel des fruits, des legumes, des vins et de l'horticulture - ONIVINS for short, as of 2008