Max Heinze is the son of the Protestant theologian Johann Christian Karl (1797–1872) and his wife Henriette (born Heumann, 1802–1872). He attended grammar school in Naumburg and then studied philosophy at the universities of Leipzig , Tübingen , Erlangen , Halle and Berlin . After he had obtained his doctorate in philosophy with the dissertation Stoicorum de affectibus doctrina (Berlin 1860) in Berlin in 1860, he became a teacher at the Pforta state school in 1863 .
Among others, Friedrich Nietzsche , Franz Emil Jungmann and Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff were his students there. Soon afterwards he became an instructor for the Archduke and later Grand Duke of Oldenburg and his brother. In Oldenburg he became a high school professor and councilor. During that time he wrote his main work, The Doctrine of the Logos in Greek Philosophy, which has been handed down to this day . In 1872 he completed his habilitation at the University of Leipzig and then worked as a private lecturer. In the same capacity he moved to the University of Basel and the University of Königsberg and in 1875 became a full professor of history at the Leipzig Faculty of Philosophy.
Here he was Pro-Chancellor in 1877/78 , Dean of the Philosophical Faculty in 1880/81 and Rector of the Alma Mater in 1883/84 . In 1888 he was appointed Privy Councilor and in 1905 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the theological faculty. He was director of the philosophical seminar at the University of Leipzig, worked for the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie and the Realenzyklopädie for Protestant theology and church . In addition, he was co-editor of the Kant studies and a member of the Royal Saxon Society of Sciences and the Prussian Academy of Sciences .
From his 1864 marriage with Klara (1845–1933) the daughter of Karl Edmund Lepsius (1805–1873) and his wife Charlotte (née Wegmann), two sons and one daughter emerged. The daughter Magarethe married the ministerial director Alfred Kühne (1873–1929). The sons Richard Heinze (1867–1929) and Karl Rudolf Heinze (1865–1928) also gained importance.
- Diss. Nus de Anaxagoras
- The doctrine of the logos in Greek philosophy Oldenburg, Ferdinand Schmidt, 1872, XIV-336 p.
- Ethics of the Stoics .
- Stoicorum de affectibus doctrina, 1861.
- Descartes' moral doctrine. 1872.
- Leibnitz in his relationship with Spinoza. In: In the new kingdom. 1873. pp. 921-932.
- On the theory of knowledge of the Stoics. In: Progr. Of the Philosophical Faculty Leipzig 1879/80.
- Eudaemonism in Greek Philosophy In: Treatises of the Royal Saxon Society of the Scientific Philological Historical Class. VIII, 6, 1883, pp. 645-757.
- Kant's lectures on metaphysics from three semesters. In: Treatises of the Royal Saxon Society of the Scientific Philological Historical Class. XIV. 6, 1894, pp. 483-728.
- About Prodikos from Keos. In: Treatises of the Royal Saxon Society of the Scientific Philological Historical Class. 36, 1884. pp. 315-335.
- About the Nous des Anaxagoras. In: Treatises of the Royal Saxon Society of the Scientific Philological Historical Class. 42, 1890. pp. 1-45.
- Countess Palatine Elisabeth and Descartes. In: Raumer's Historisches Taschenbuch. 1866. pp. 257-304.
- Erwin Arnold: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 447 ( ). In:
- Hermann AL Degner: Who is it? Our contemporaries - contemporaries dictionary. HA Ludwig Degner, Leipzig, 1906, p. 460
- Giorgio Colli , Mazzino Montinari , Norbert Miller , Annemarie Pieper (eds.): Nietzsche. Correspondence. Critical complete edition. Department 1, Volume 4: Norbert Miller, Jörg Salaquarda (Ed.): Review of the first department: Letters from and to Friedrich Nietzsche, October 1849 - April 1869. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin et al. 1993, ISBN 3-11-012277-4 , P. 706.
- Literature by and about Max Heinze in the catalog of the German National Library
- Max Heinze in the professorial catalog of the University of Leipzig
- Overview of Max Heinze's courses at the University of Leipzig (summer semester 1873 to winter semester 1909)
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Heinze, Franz Friedrich Maximilian|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German historian of philosophy|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 13, 1835|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Priessnitz|
|DATE OF DEATH||17th September 1909|
|Place of death||Leipzig|