Mehltheuer (deer stone)
|Height :||133 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.72 km²|
|Residents :||375 (May 9, 2011)|
|Population density :||79 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||01594|
|Area code :||035268|
Location of Mehltheuer in Saxony
Mehltheuer is located about twelve kilometers south of the large district town of Riesa and is surrounded by agricultural areas at around . The town of Lommatzsch is located around six kilometers south of the village .
In Barmenitz springing Mehltheuer Bach tangent to the village in the West and part of the river system of Jahna is. Mehltheuer is naturally located in the northern Saxon plateau and hill country and gives the Mehltheuer-Stauchitzer Platte its name.
The location is divided into the actual center with Dorfstrasse and church as well as a settlement along the federal road 6 (B 6) and around the former Prausitz station on the disused Riesa – Nossen railway line , which is east of the local area in a north-south direction and there also crosses the federal highway at ground level. The federal road follows the course of the old post road between the cities of Riesa, Meißen and Oschatz . In Mehltheuer, state road 85 branches off from the B 6 in the direction of Lommatzsch. There are connections to the surrounding villages via county roads .
The Mehltheuer district covers around 470 hectares and borders the following localities: Seerhausen (zu Stauchitz ) in the north, Prausitz and Pahrenz (both in Hirschstein) in the east, Dörschnitz in the southeast, Striegnitz in the south and Roitzsch in the southwest. These places are part of Lommatzsch. In the west, Trogen and Plotitz join Mehltheuer. Trogen belongs to Lommatzsch, while Plotitz is part of Stauchitz.
Mehltheuer is connected to the bus network of the Meißen transport company .
The place emerged as a square village and was first mentioned in 1222 as Nuendorph . The village belonged to the Meißischen burgraves and the Staucha monastery . After the Reformation , the manor and jurisdiction were transferred to the Jahnishausen manor .
Today's church in Mehltheuer was built from 1744 to 1746 in the baroque style and consecrated in 1747. Johann Ernst Hähnel's organ was installed on July 6, 1755 at a total cost of 660 thalers. The previous building of the church was a branch church of the Striegnitz church, was first mentioned in 1205 and probably founded by a castle warden named Nimuncow (never flour), who worked for the burgrave Heinrich I of Meissen at the end of the 11th century . The later place name will have been derived from this, as the village was first called Meltewer in 1424 . A collegiate school, which was the first school building in Mehltheuer, had been located near the church since 1716.
Until 1779, traders who wanted to go to the annual markets in Riesa stopped the day before in Mehltheuer and offered their goods in the town that was actually much too small for a market. Because the Jahnishausener manor did not have a permit to hold markets, the markets in Mehltheuer were officially banned. At that time, 32 lived obsessed husband and nine cottagers in Mehltheuer, the 28 1 / 4 hooves farmed each with 12 bushels.
After a fire in 1816, the school was rebuilt a year later. Then a school building was built in 1832 and expanded in 1882.
With the Saxon rural community order of 1838 Mehltheuer was given the right to self-government as a rural community. In 1856 the place was assigned to the Grossenhain court office, which in 1874 became part of the Grossenhain administration .
In 1877 the Riesa – Nossen railway line was built, which brought Mehltheuer via the Prausitz station ( ) directly to the municipal border with direct access to rail passenger and freight traffic. For the construction of the train station and in order to cross the current main road as at right angles as possible, this was relocated in the intersection area, so that since then a distinctive 90-degree curve has to be passed before entering the town when coming from Meißen. Since then, Lommatzscher Strasse (today's State Road 85 ) has been flowing into the federal road at an acute angle at precisely this bend and branches off again at an equally acute angle before leaving the town. In addition, the previously direct route from Pahrenz to Mehltheuer has been cut and relocated in favor of the railway line.
After the end of the Second World War , a mass grave was laid at the church in Mehltheuer for the citizens who died in the war, and a memorial named after the dead commemorates the fallen. After the subsequent establishment of the GDR in 1949, the municipality Mehltheuer was assigned to the Riesa district in the Dresden district as part of the 1952 territorial reform .
Of 521 residents of Mehltheuer in 1925, 503 were Evangelical Lutheran , four citizens were Catholic and 14 others were non-denominational.
The last school building in Mehltheuer was built in 1913 in the Heimat style . It was used until 1971, after which the school in Prausitz was responsible for Mehltheuer. The building became a residential building and also housed a consumption . Village community rooms have also been located in the former schoolhouse since 2005.
At the northern end of the village there was an inn in the 19th century. Today there is a large parking lot for long-distance drivers and a small gas station that has now been closed. This was operated under the GO brand until 2015 and was previously part of the GDR's state-owned Minol petrol station network.
Mehltheuer has been part of the Free State of Saxony again since German reunification . The community was merged with the neighboring community of Prausitz on January 1, 1994, and Heyda was added as a third district on March 1 of the same year . A further enlargement of the municipality resulted with the incorporation of the municipality Hirschstein with its districts into the municipality Mehltheuer on April 1st 1996. On October 1st 1996 the municipality Mehltheuer gave itself the name Hirschstein .
In May 1998 the passenger traffic on the railway line was stopped, since 2000 there have been no more freight trains. Since the end of 2007, the line with the station has been officially closed.
- Mehltheuer in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Mehltheuer on the website of the Hirschstein community
- information for 14 0 47 240 community Mehltheuer. Population and area values. In: Regional Register Saxony. State Statistical Office of Saxony, accessed on October 4, 2016 .
- Population, households, families as well as buildings and apartments on May 9, 2011 according to parts of the municipality. (PDF; 490 KB) In: Kleinräumiges Gemeindeblatt Census 2011. State Statistical Office Saxony , accessed on October 4, 2016 .
- Search for geographical names. In: geodatenzentrum.de. Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy , accessed on October 4, 2016 .
- Mehltheuer in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony , accessed on October 4, 2016
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Meißen. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Mehltheuer Church. In: hirschstein.de. Hirschstein community, accessed on October 4, 2016 .
- Mehltheuer. In: kirchen Bezirk-meissen-grossenhain.de. Evangelical-Lutheran Superintendentur Meißen-Großenhain, accessed on October 4, 2016 .
- Mehltheuer. On the history of Mehltheuer. In: hirschstein.de. Hirschstein community, accessed on October 4, 2016 .