Michael Frotscher

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Michael Frotscher (born July 3, 1947 in Dresden ; † May 27, 2017 in Hamburg ) was a German neuroanatomist and neuroscientist .


Frotscher, son of a cantor, received his doctorate in medicine from the Humboldt University in Berlin (Charité) in 1974 . In 1974 he was a post-doctoral student at Semmelweis University in Budapest . From 1974 to 1979 he worked as a research assistant at the Institute for Anatomy at Humboldt University. In 1978 he became a specialist in anatomy. After fleeing the GDR , Frotscher went to the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt am Main in 1979 . There he completed his habilitation in neuroanatomy in 1981. In 1982 he became Assistant Professor (C2) at the University of Heidelberg and in 1983 Professor (C3) at the Institute for Anatomy at the University of Frankfurt . Between 1984 and 1986 he also conducted research at Yale University .

From 1989 to 2011 he was Professor and Head of the Institute for Anatomy at the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg . In 2006 he held the post of Vice Dean for Research there. In 2008 Frotscher received a Hertie Senior Research Professorship in Neuroscience.

From 2011 Frotscher headed the Institute for Structural Neurobiology at the Center for Molecular Neurobiology Hamburg (ZMNH) at the Eppendorf University Medical Center . That year he survived a severe EHEC infection . In 2015 he also became director of the center.

Frotscher leaves behind a wife and two children.


Frotscher investigated the fine structure of synapses in the brain using the technique of high pressure freezing, the neural interconnection of the hippocampus , the survival of nerve cells after lesions and the role of reelin , a protein of the extracellular matrix , in the alignment and migration of nerve cells, for example in their layered arrangement in the cerebral cortex .

In 1993 he became President of the then newly founded Neuroscientific Society and in 1999 President of the Anatomical Society . He was Senator of the Neurosciences Section of the National Academy of Sciences and a member of the DFG Senate for the Collaborative Research Centers .

Awards (selection)

Fonts (selection)

  • with Werner Kahle: Pocket Atlas Anatomy , Volume 3: Nervous system and sensory organs. Thieme, 11th edition 2013, ISBN 978-3134922110
  • with Mathias Bähr: Neurological-topical diagnostics: anatomy, function, clinic. Thieme, 10th edition 2014, ISBN 978-3135358109

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. UKE - Center for Molecular Neurobiology Hamburg (ZMNH) - News. In: uke.de. May 27, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017 .
  2. Ralf Mersmann: DGNN - In Memoriam - Michael Frotscher. In: dgnn.de. Retrieved January 12, 2018 .
  3. Topic of his dissertation: On the development and regeneration of central neurons in the Cortrex Cerebri in Rattus norvegicus. A Golgi and electron microscopic examination.
  4. Michael Frotscher - Bernstein Center Freiburg. In: bcf.uni-freiburg.de. January 9, 2018, accessed January 12, 2018 .
  5. David Speck: NWG - section speaker "Developmental Neurobiology / Neurogenetics". In: nwg.glia.mdc-berlin.de. August 5, 2011, accessed January 12, 2018 .
  6. Hertie Senior Research Professorship in Neurosciences: Charitable Hertie Foundation. In: ghst.de. November 1, 2016, accessed September 6, 2016 .
  7. http://www.zmnh.uni-hamburg.de/zmnh/institutes/frotscher/frotscher.html
  8. Britta Kollenbroich: Consequences of an epidemic: What many EHEC victims still suffer from today. In: welt.de . December 14, 2011, accessed October 3, 2017 .
  9. Member entry by Prof. Dr. Michael Frotscher at the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina , accessed on September 23, 2017.