名 間 鄉
Location of Mingjians in Nantou County
|State :||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Coordinates :||23 ° 51 ' N , 120 ° 41' E|
|Area :||83.0955 km²|
|Residents :||38,384 (Sep 2018)|
|Population density :||462 inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :||UTC + 8 (Chungyuan time)|
|Telephone code :||(+886) (0) 49|
|Postal code :||551|
|ISO 3166-2 :||TW-NAN|
|Community type :||Rural community ( 鄉 , Xiāng )|
|Structure :||23 villages ( 村 , Cūn )|
Mingjian ( Chinese 名 間 鄉 , Pinyin Míngjiān Xiāng , Tongyong Pinyin Míngjiān Siang ) is a rural community ( 鄉 , Xiāng ) in Nantou County in central Taiwan .
Mingjian Township is located on the western edge of Nantou County, north of the Zhuoshui River . To the west of Mingjian is the Baguashan hill country with heights of 200 to 432 meters. The middle forms a plain that is mainly used for wet rice cultivation , and in the east the terrain rises relatively steeply to the Jiji mountain range up to a height of 404 meters. The municipal area has a maximum east-west extension of about 11.5 kilometers and a maximum north-south extension of 8.7 kilometers. The neighboring parishes are Nantou City in the north, Zhongliao and Jiji in the east, Zhushan in the south, and Ershuei , Tianzhong and Shetou parishes in the west (the latter three in neighboring Changhua County ).
The climate is mild-subtropical with an annual mean temperature of 22 to 25 ° C. The annual precipitation is 1500 to 2000 mm. Most of the precipitation occurs in the months of May to August, while the winter months are relatively dry.
In earlier times, the Mingjian area was practically completely covered by forest. From the reign of Emperor Kangxi (1671–1721), new settlers who came from the Chinese coastal province of Fujian began to clear the forest and practice agriculture. During the time of the Japanese rule over Taiwan (1895-1945) the region was administratively reorganized several times. From the 1920s it belonged to Taichu Prefecture . After Taiwan was transferred to the Republic of China in 1945, it was reorganized again and Mingjian became a rural community in Nantou County, which was newly established in 1950.
With just over 38,000 inhabitants, Mingjian is the fifth largest in terms of population of the 13 municipalities in Nantou County. At the end of 2017, 197 people (around 0.5%) belonged to the indigenous peoples of Taiwan .
Mingjian is relatively well connected in terms of transport. The eastern section of the national road 3 (motorway) leads in a direct north-south direction through the municipality. Provincial road 3 runs a little further to the west, parallel to it, also in north-south direction. Provincial road 16 branches off from the latter and runs north of the Zhuoshui River to the east. Other larger roads are the district road 139b (139 乙 ) on the western edge of the municipality, also in a north-south direction, which turns further south to the east, and the district roads 150 and 152, which run essentially in an east-west direction.
Mingjian has a railway connection via the eastward running Jiji Line . In the south there is the Zhuoshui train station ( 濁水 車站 ).
|Outline of Mingjian|
Mingjian is divided into 23 villages ( 村 , Cūn ):
1 Zhongzheng ( 中正 村 )
2 Zhongshan ( 中 山村 )
3 Xinmin ( 新民 村 )
4 Nanya ( 南雅 村 )
5 Zhuoshui ( 濁水 村 )
6 Tanliao ( 炭 療 村 )
7 Xinjie ( 新 街村 )
8 Wandan ( 萬 丹 村 )
9 Donghu ( 東湖 村 )
10 Renhe ( 仁 和村 )
11 Songshan ( 松山 村 )
12 Songbai ( 松柏 村 )
13 Kanjiao ( 崁 腳 村 )
14 Xincuo ( 新 厝村 )
15 Xinguang ( 新光 村 )
16 Buzhong ( 埔 中 村 )
17 Zhuwei ( 竹 圍村 )
18 Chishui ( 赤水 村 )
19 Sanlun ( 三 崙 村 )
20 Dazhuang ( 大 庄村 )
21 Tianzi ( 田 仔 村 )
22 Dakeng ( 大 坑村 )
23 Buxia ( 廍 下 村 )
There are no significant industries in Mingjian. About 60 percent of the population is employed in agriculture. The farms are exclusively smallholders and the average cultivation area of a farmer is only slightly more than 1 hectare. The total cultivation area amounts to about 5400 hectares, which corresponds to about 65% of the total area of the municipality. 1300 hectares are allotted to wet rice cultivation. As another wet crop is water spinach harvested. Tea is mainly cultivated on the remaining 4,100 hectares, along with ginger , pineapple , green millet , yams , papaya , etc. a.
The main attractions are in the natural resources of Mingjian. The Songbailing Forest Park ( 松柏 嶺 森林 公園 ) is a recreational area, where you can often see Formosa macaques . In the village of Salun you can visit tea plantations and tea cultivation. In the village of Buzhong there is an almost 100 year old sweet scented blossom forest ( 桂花 森林 ). On the banks of the Zhuoshui is the peach blossom park ( 桃花源 休憩 園區 ), where the peach blossom in January / February and the harvest in May can be experienced.
Remains are at different places even the " 921 earthquake " in 1999 to see, for example bent railway lines, crooked pylons , etc. Across Mingjian runs the Chelungpu - rejection ( 車籠埔斷層 ), one of the fracture zones between Eurasian and Philippine plate . In the vicinity of the fault, the terrain rises by 4 meters.
The Taoist Temple of Heaven ( 受 天宮 , Shòu tiāngōng ) was built in 1737, in the second year of Qianlong's reign . It is the largest temple of the god Xuantian ( 玄天 上帝 ) in Taiwan. Important celebrations take place here on the third day of the third lunar month and on August 3 of each year.
- ↑ a b Geography Environment: Natural Environment. Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 .
- ↑ Geography Environment: Natural Environment. Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 .
- ↑ a b 地理 環境 一 、 自然環境 ("Geographical environment 1. Natural environment"). Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 (Chinese).
- ↑ 歷史 沿革 ("Historical Development"). Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 (Chinese).
- ↑ 原住民 戶數 及 人數 Households and Persons of Indigenous People. (xls) Taiwan Ministry of the Interior, accessed May 19, 2018 (Traditional Chinese, English).
- ↑ 經 建 發展: 一 、 經濟 及 產業 ("Development: 1. Economy and Industry"). Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 (Chinese).
- ↑ 特色 產業 (“Characteristic Products”). Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 (Chinese).
- ↑ 自然資源 ("Natural Resources"). Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 (Chinese).
- ↑ a b 人文 資源 ("Human Resources"). Mingjian's website, accessed December 20, 2018 (Chinese).