Location Yuchis in Nantou County
|State :||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Coordinates :||23 ° 54 ′ N , 120 ° 56 ′ E|
|Area :||121.3735 km²|
|Residents :||15,753 (Dec 2018)|
|Population density :||130 inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :||UTC + 8 (Chungyuan time)|
|Telephone code :||(+886) (0) 49|
|Postal code :||555|
|ISO 3166-2 :||TW-NAN|
|Community type :||Rural community ( 鄉 , Xiāng )|
|Structure :||13 villages ( 村 , Cūn )|
Yuchi ( Chinese 魚池 鄉 , Pinyin Yúchí Xiāng , Tongyong Pinyin Yúchíh Siang ) is a rural community ( 鄉 , Xiāng ) in Nantou County in central Taiwan .
Yuchi (literally "fish pond") is located roughly in the center of the Nantou district. The municipality has a roughly square shape with an edge length of 10 to 11 kilometers. The neighboring communities are Shuili in the west and southwest , Xinyi in the southeast , Ren'ai in the east , Puli in the north and Guoxing in the northeast over a short section . Yuchi is widely known for its Sun Moon Lake , one of Taiwan's most popular tourist attractions. The lake occupies about 5.5 km² of the total area of 121.3735 km² Yuchis. In Yuchi there is a subtropical warm monsoon climate with an annual mean temperature of 19.3 ° C, annual precipitation of 2556 mm and 81.2% mean humidity . Yuchi is located in the catchment area of two rivers , the Nangang River ( 南港 溪 ), which flows through the northeast and the Shuili River ( 水里 溪 ), a right-hand tributary of the Zhuoshui , which runs along the western boundary of Yuchi.
The original inhabitants of the Yuchi area were Austronesian tribes, the ancestors of today's indigenous peoples of Taiwan . After the takeover of the island of Taiwan by the Chinese Empire of the Qing Dynasty in 1682/83, Han Chinese began to immigrate to the island continuously . The area of western Nantou ( 水 沙 連 , Shuǐshālián - "water and sand") was initially excluded from settlement. However, over time, settlers streamed into the country, some of whom came into conflict with the indigenous people living there. Most of the immigrants came from the areas of today's cities of Zhangzhou and Quanzhou in the Chinese coastal province of Fujian . During the Japanese colonial rule (1895–1945) there were major resettlements of the indigenous population, also in connection with the construction of the Sun-Moon-Lake. In 1945 Taiwan became part of the Republic of China and Yuchi was organized as a rural community in Nantou County, which was newly established in 1950. Mainly because of the lake, the community increasingly developed into a tourist center. The economy and tourism were severely affected by the Jiji earthquake on September 21, 1999, which killed 14 people in Yuchi (out of a population of 17,894 at the time).
The population mainly from Hoklo , who speak Taiwanese as a colloquial language . There is also a small minority of Hakka speakers. About 90 percent of the population are considered to be followers of Daoism and Daoist places of worship can be found in every village. Other religions are Christianity (Protestant and Roman Catholic), Buddhism , and others. At the end of 2017, 504 people (slightly more than 3 percent) belonged to the indigenous peoples. The majority were Thao .
|Outline of Yuchi|
Yuchi is divided into 13 villages ( 村 , Cūn ) (numbering according to the adjacent map):
1. Yuchi ( 魚池 村 )
2. Dongchi ( 東 池 村 )
3. Gonghe ( 共和 村 )
4. Xincheng ( 新城 村 )
5. Dayan ( 大雁 村 )
6. Wucheng ( 五 城 村 )
7. Zhongming ( 中 明 村 )
8. Shuishe ( 水 社 村 )
9. Dalin ( 大 林村 )
10. Dongguang ( 東 光 村 )
11. Riyue ( 日月 村 )
12. Toushe ( 頭 社 村 )
13. Wudeng ( 武 登 村 )
Yuchi is known for its tea production. The first attempts at growing tea were made in 1903, but it was not until the Japanese colonial administration introduced tea plants from Assam in 1926 that the tea was of higher quality. The area around the Sun Moon Lake proved to be particularly suitable in terms of the microclimate and became the only growing area for Assam tea in Taiwan. After the end of the Second World War, tea cultivation initially declined, but later experienced a renaissance again. Today, different types of tea (not just Assam) are grown in Yuchi and neighboring Puli. Other agriculture betel nut , sponge gourd , Ponkan the variety Maogu , Anoectochilus roxburghii ( 金線蓮 - "Golden Lotus", a species of orchid in the traditional Chinese medicine is used), eggplant , bamboo shoots , shiitake -Mushrooms, day lilies ( " Gold pins "which are eaten as a kind of vegetable) etc.
The main attraction of Yuchi is the Sun Moon Lake. The lake was created in the 1930s on the basis of a much smaller natural lake as a reservoir for hydropower. After the Second World War, it became a major tourist destination in Taiwan. The subtropical nature is also worth seeing, for example with the 461 hectare Wucheng Nature Park ( 五 城 生態 園區 ) at an altitude of 576 to 925 meters in the village of the same name or various hiking trails. As for cultural attractions, there are various temples and shrines around the lake, including the Confucius Temple of Enlightenment in the village of Zhongming ( 啟示 玄機 院 孔明 廟 ), the Wenwu Temple ( 文武 廟 ) on the northeastern shore of the lake in the village of Shuishe, or the Kongming Temple ( 孔明廟 ).
- ↑ Natural Environment. Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 .
- ^ The Historical Background. Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 .
- ↑ a b The Brief Introduction. Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 .
- ↑ Han SN, Chen KT: Mortality of the 921 Earthquake in Nantou and Taichung Counties . In: Epidemiology Bulletin . January 25, 2000, ISSN 1021-366X , p. 1–8 (English, online [PDF]).
- ↑ 原住民 戶數 及 人數 Households and Persons of Indigenous People. (xls) Taiwan Ministry of the Interior, accessed August 4, 2018 (Chinese, English).
- ↑ 歷史 源流 ("Historical Origin"). Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 .
- ↑ 鄉長 紅茶 ("Black tea of the community"). Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 (Chinese).
- ↑ 特產 文物 導覽 (“Special cultural monument guide”). Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 (Chinese).
- ^ The Sun Moon Lake. Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 .
- ↑ Nature Trail. Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 .
- ^ Historical Sites. Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 .
- ↑ 觀光 景點 ("Sights"). Yuchi's website, accessed January 22, 2019 (Chinese).
- ↑ 魚池 簡介 ("Introduction to Yuchi"). Yuchi's website, accessed January 20, 2019 (Chinese).