|Geographic location :||53 ° 17 ' N , 20 ° 1' E|
|Postal code :||13-206|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 23|
|License plate :||NDZ|
|Economy and Transport|
|Rail route :||Działdowo – Iława|
|Next international airport :||Warsaw Airport|
Płośnica [ pwɔɕˈɲitsa ] ( German Heinrichsdorf ) is a village in the powiat Działdowski of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland . It is the seat of the rural community of the same name with 5633 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2019).
The village is located in the historic East Prussia region , about twelve kilometers northwest of the town of Działdowo (Soldau) and 65 kilometers southwest of Olsztyn (Allenstein) .
The first written mention of the place took place in 1351; a church was mentioned as early as 1404. In 1785 Heinrichsdorf is referred to as a royal village with 51 fireplaces (households), which belongs to the district of Neidenburg and whose church is the mother church (Mater) of Groß Koschlau; the responsible domain office was in Soldau.
In 1874 the Heinrichsdorf district was formed; it was composed of:
- Gut Klein Tauersee
- Heinrichsdorf forest district, Lautenburg i. Western pr. belonging
Head of office was the landowner v. Kownacki in Klein Taersee
Until 1920 and from 1939 to 1945 Heinrichsdorf belonged to the district of Neidenburg in the administrative district of Königsberg in the province of East Prussia of the German Empire .
During the First World War there was severe damage to the village. After the end of the war, due to the provisions of the Versailles Treaty of 1920 , the village had to be ceded to Poland without a referendum for the purpose of establishing the Polish Corridor .
After the invasion of Poland in 1939, Heinrichsdorf, like the rest of the corridor area, was annexed by the German Reich and assigned to the Neidenburg district, to which it belonged until 1945. In January 1945 the region was occupied by the Red Army and the village returned to Poland.
Until 1945, the Protestant parish Heinrichsdorf also included the following places: Grodtken, Groß Lensk , Klein Lensk, Priom, Groß Przellenk, Ruttkowitz, Schreibersdorf, Klein Tauersee and Wessolowo. Some of the clergymen who worked here between 1599 and the middle of the 18th century are known by name. In the 19th century Hermann Hoffmann (1853–1906) was a pastor in Heinrichsdorf.
Population development until 1945
|1858||735||654 Protestants and 81 Catholics (no Jews)|
The rural community (gmina wiejska) Płośnica includes the village itself and 14 other villages with school offices (sołectwa).
The Płośnica station is located on the Soldau - Konitz railway line, which has been disused here . The village of Gralewo of the municipality has a train station on the Warsaw - Gdańsk railway line .
- Heinrichsdorf District (Rolf Jehke, 2006)
- GenWiki: Heinrichsdorf (Neidenburg district)
- ^ Johann Friedrich Goldbeck : Complete topography of the Kingdom of Prussia . Part I: Topography of East Prussia . Königsberg / Leipzig 1785, p. 66.
- ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Königsberg , No. 21, Königsberg i. Pr., May 21, 1874, p. 163, paragraph 27.
- ↑ Daniel Heinrich Arnoldt : Brief messages from all preachers who have been confessed to the Lutheran churches in East Prussia since the Reformation . Königsberg 1777, p. 476.
- ↑ Hoffmann came from Bogaczewen and had attended the Herzog-Albrechts-Schule (Rastenburg) . He was a member of the Corps Masovia .
- ↑ Alexander August Mützell and Leopold Krug : New topographical-statistical-geographical dictionary of the Prussian state . Volume 2: G – Ko , Halle 1821, p. 161.
- ^ Kraatz: Topographical-statistical manual of the Prussian state . Berlin 1856, p. 230.
- ↑ Adolf Schlott: Topographical-statistical overview of the government district of Königsberg . Hartung, Königsberg 1861, p. 176, point 57.
- ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Neidenburg district (Polish: Nidzica). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).