|Geographic location :|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 23|
|License plate :||NDZ|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Brodnica - Ostrołęka|
|Next international airport :||Warsaw|
Wielki Łęck [ ˈvʲɛlkʲi ˈwɛntsk ] ( German Groß Lensk , formerly Groß Lenzk ) is a village in the rural municipality of Płośnica ( Heinrichsdorf ) in the powiat Działdowski ( Soldauer Kreis ) in the Polish Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship .
The place was first mentioned in a document in 1328 . Its origin is related to the settlement of the west of the Vistula and peaceful landscape Sassen by the Teutonic Knights together early 14th century. During the time of the order, the place belonged to the Osterode Commandery under the name Groß Lensk .
With the establishment of the duchy, the commanderies were replaced by secular circles, and Groß Lensk was subordinate to the Oberland district. When this was dissolved in the course of an administrative reform in 1752, the place came to the Prussian district of Neidenburg . In 1785 Groß Lenzke is described as a noble estate with a Catholic church and 32 fireplaces (households), which belongs to the main office in Soldau.
In 1874 the district of Groß Lensk was formed; it was composed of:
- Klein Lensk municipality
- Gut Groß Lensk including Radingsthal
- Groß Lensk municipality including Moritzruh
Radingsthal was a manor and Moritzruh a Vorwerk. The head of office was the landowner Schmidicke in Groß Lensk. In 1910 the rural community Groß Lensk had 360 and the manor district 182 inhabitants.
After the First World War , the Groß Lensk office had to be ceded to Poland without a referendum on January 10, 1920 due to the provisions of the Versailles Treaty, together with the Soldau region . The Poles led the place name Wielki Leck for Groß Lensk , and the village was subordinated to the rural community Płośnica ( Heinrchsdorf ). In 1931 the village had 571 inhabitants.
In 1934, the Polish state government unilaterally terminated the minority protection treaty concluded in Versailles on June 28, 1919 between the Allied and Associated Main Powers and Poland .
During the invasion of Poland in 1939, the territory was returned to the Reich , and on April 24, 1940, the Soldau region was reassigned to the German district of Neidenburg. Groß Lensk got its status as an independent municipality again. At the end of the Second World War , Groß Lensk was occupied by the Red Army in the last days of January 1945 . In the summer of 1945 Groß Lensk was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying power, along with the southern half of East Prussia and all of West Prussia .
From 1975 to 1998 the place belonged to the Voivodeship of Ciechanów
Even before the Reformation there was a church in the village, which after the introduction of the Reformation in the Duchy of Prussia changed denominations several times, but ultimately remained Catholic.
Population development until 1945
|1858||474||130 Protestants and 344 Catholics (no Jews)|
|1910||542||with the manor district (182 inhabitants)|
Wielki Łęck is located on the provincial road 544 ( droga wojewódzka 544 ). After about eight kilometers, this leads west through Lidzbark (Lautenburg) and ends after about 40 kilometers in Brodnica (Strasburg). In an easterly direction it runs through Działdowo (Soldau), which is 15 kilometers away, and ends after about 120 kilometers in Ostrołęka (Ostrolenka).
Wielki Łęck has no rail connection.
- Johann Friedrich Goldbeck : Complete topography of the Kingdom of Prussia . Part I: Topography of East Prussia . Königsberg / Leipzig 1785, p 100.
- Official Journal of the Royal Government of Königsberg , No. 21, Königsberg i. Pr., May 21, 1874, p. 163, paragraph 28.
- Alexander August Mützell and Leopold Krug : New topographical-statistical-geographical dictionary of the Prussian state . Volume 3: Kr – O , Halle 1822, p. 90, item 1449.
- Kraatz: Topographical-statistical manual of the Prussian state . Berlin 1856, p. 345.
- Adolf Schlott : Topographical-statistical overview of the government district of Königsberg . Hartung, Königsberg 1861, p. 177, item 84.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Neidenburg district (Polish Nidzica). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).