Philip Alexius de László

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Self-portrait, 1911

Philip Alexius de László (actually Fülöp Elek Laub , born April 30, 1869 in Budapest , Austria-Hungary , † November 22, 1937 in London ) was one of the leading British portrait painters of the early 20th century .


Philip Alexius de László was born in Budapest in 1869 as the eldest son of nine children of the Jewish tailor Adolf Laub (1842–1904) and his wife Johanna Goldreich (1843–1915). In 1891 changed his family in her last name László to. As a young man he began an apprenticeship with the portrait photographer Sándor Strelisky and in evening classes he studied art history at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna under Bertalan Székely and Károly Lotz . László then went on a study trip to Munich ( Academy of Fine Arts ) and Paris ( Académie Julian ) for a few years . At the world exhibition in Paris, László won with the portrait of Pope Leo XIII. the gold medal. László traveled to England via Budapest and Vienna in 1907 and lived in London until his death .

On June 10, 1900, Philip László married Lucy Madeleine Guinness, a member of the influential Guinness family, in Budapest. The mutual relationship resulted in a daughter and five sons, as well as seventeen grandchildren.

Philip Alexius de László suffered a heart attack in 1936 , from which he recovered slowly. The following year he suffered a second and died at his home in Hampstead, London . He found his final resting place in Tilbury cemetery .

László left more than 2,700 portraits for posterity. In 1908 he created portraits of the German Emperor Wilhelm II , his wife Auguste Viktoria , and his daughter Viktoria Luise . In 1899 he had already portrayed the Empress once; In 1901 this painting was exhibited in the Berlin Künstlerhaus.


In 1909, King Edward VII awarded the portrait painter László the Royal Victorian Order ( MVO ). Three years later he was raised to the nobility by Emperor Franz Joseph I ( László de Lombos ). He himself shortened the name to de László . He received British citizenship in 1914, but was interned for more than twelve months (1917 to 1918) during the First World War .


Web links

Commons : Philip Alexius de László  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The grave of Philip Alexius de László
  2. [Small news from all over the world. The Christmas party of the German imperial family ... ] In:  Teplitz-Schönauer Anzeiger , January 3, 1900, p. 3 (online at ANNO ). The painting is extremely elegant, dark, with a Rembrandt mood. The Empress is in a black costume, decollete, with diamonds on her neck; a large black velvet hat lies in a beautiful curve over her slightly grayed hair. The frame was also chosen to be dark.Template: ANNO / Maintenance / tsa
  3. ^ German Empire. In:  Wiener Salonblatt , April 7, 1901, p. 8 (online at ANNO ). Countess Günther von der Groeben has arranged a portrait exhibition in the artist's house in Berlin, which has just opened. Among the paintings are two portraits of Kaiser Wilhelm by Wilma Parlaghy , a portrait of Empress Augusta Victoria by Philipp Laszlo, Hans Makart ’s picture of the wife of Chancellor Countess Donna Maria Bülow-Beccadelli (as a girl), etc.Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wsb