Xorazm Province

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Xorazm viloyati
Хоразм вилояти
Xorazm Province
Karakalpakstan Provinz Xorazm Provinz Buxoro Toshkent Provinz Toshkent Provinz Samarqand Provinz Surxondaryo Provinz Jizzax Provinz Qashqadaryo Provinz Sirdaryo Provinz Navoiy Provinz Namangan Provinz Andijon Provinz Farg'ona Kasachstan Iran Afghanistan Kirgisistan Tadschikistan China TurkmenistanLocation of the Xorazm Province in Uzbekistan
About this picture
Location of the Xorazm Province in Uzbekistan
Basic data
Country Uzbekistan
Capital Urganch
surface 6300 km²
Residents 1,776,700 (January 1, 2017)
density 282 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 UZ-XO
Website xorazm.uz (Uzbek)
Fields in Xorazm Province
Fields in Xorazm Province

Coordinates: 41 ° 18 '  N , 61 ° 0'  E

The province of Xorazm ( Uzbek Xorazm viloyati , Хоразм вилояти ), German province of Khoresmia or Khoresm , is a viloyat (province) in western Uzbekistan . It borders on Turkmenistan , the province of Buxoro (Bukhara) and the Republic of Karakalpakstan, which is partially autonomous of Uzbekistan . The area is 6,300 km², with a population of 1,498,321, of which about 80% live in the countryside.

The climate is very continental , with cold winter and hot, dry summer months.


The province of Xorazm is divided into 10 administrative districts and three independent cities ( Urganch , Xiva , Pitnak ). The capital is Urganch with 142,973 inhabitants. Other larger cities are, for example, Xiva (58,989 pop.), Xonqa (42,767 pop.), Shovot ( 28,610 pop .) And Gurlan (29,200 pop .).

Overview of the districts
Overview of the districts No. district main place No. district main place
1 Bog'ot Bog'ot 6th Qo'shko'pir Qo'shko'pir
2 Gurlan Gurlan 7th Shovot Shovot
3 Xonqa Xonqa 8th Urganch Qorovul
4th Hazorasp Hazorasp 9 Yangiariq Yangiariq
5 Khiva Khiva 10 Yangibozor Yangibozor

Culture and history

The capital of Khiva Khanate in Khorezmia , the province's name Xorazm goes back to Khorezmia , was Xiva. The walled Old City Ichan Qal'а the city of Khiva is now a World Heritage Site of UNESCO .

Many famous scholars of the Orient were born in Khorezm , benefiting from the old oasis city of Xiva (Chiva), such as the Persian polymath al-Khwarizmi (born around 780; died between 835 and 850) and al-Biruni (973-1048) .

Economy and Transport

In addition to tourism, the province lives mainly from cotton and rice cultivation . There is also the cultivation of fruits and vegetables such as cucumbers, melons, grapes and potatoes. The dependence on cotton can be seen in the large number of cotton-processing companies: processing raw cotton, production of cottonseed oil , production of textiles and carpets.

Xorazm has been an important transit area between the Orient , Russia and the Caucasus for thousands of years . Accordingly, the infrastructure is well developed, also due to tourism, with 130 km of railway lines and 2000 km of paved roads.

Web links

Commons : Xorazm Province  - Collection of images, videos and audio files