Sirdaryo Province

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Sirdaryo viloyati
Сирдарё вилояти
Sirdaryo Province
Karakalpakstan Provinz Xorazm Provinz Buxoro Toshkent Provinz Toshkent Provinz Samarqand Provinz Surxondaryo Provinz Jizzax Provinz Qashqadaryo Provinz Sirdaryo Provinz Navoiy Provinz Namangan Provinz Andijon Provinz Farg'ona Kasachstan Iran Afghanistan Kirgisistan Tadschikistan China TurkmenistanLocation of the Sirdaryo Province in Uzbekistan
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Location of the Sirdaryo Province in Uzbekistan
Basic data
Country Uzbekistan
Capital Guliston
surface 5100 km²
Residents 671,395 (January 1, 2008)
density 132 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 UZ-SI

Coordinates: 40 ° 24 '  N , 68 ° 42'  E

The Sirdaryo Province ( Uzbek : Sirdaryo viloyati , Сирдарё вилояти) is a viloyat (province) in eastern Uzbekistan . It borders on the left bank of the Syr Darya and thus Kazakhstan , as well as Tajikistan , the province of Tashkent and the province of Jizzax . The area of ​​the province is 5,100 km² and consists mainly of desert and steppe . About 671,000 people live in the Sirdaryo Province.

The climate is continental . Mild, humid winters and dry, hot summers alternate.


Sirdaryo Province was established on February 16, 1963, and its capital was Yangiyer until 1964 . Before that, under Russian tsarist rule, there was a Syr Darya Oblast .


Sirdaryo Province is divided into 9 administrative districts. The cities of Baxt , Guliston , Sirdaryo , Shirin and Yangiyer are independent. The capital Guliston has 66,899 inhabitants.

Overview of the districts
Sirdaryo districts.png No. district main place
1 Oqoltin Sardoba
2 Boyovut Boyovut
3 Guliston Dehqonobod
4th Xovos Farhod
5 Mehnatobod Qahramon
6th Mirzaobod Navro'z
7th Sayxunobod Sayhun
8th Sharof Rashidov Paxtaobod
9 Sirdaryo Sirdaryo


The largest branch of the economy is agriculture. It is based on the cultivation of cotton and grain . In the past, the use of schoolchildren and students in collecting the cotton was controversial. Banned by law since 2008, such missions no longer take place. Agriculture depends on artificial irrigation . As everywhere in Uzbekistan, cotton tube processing takes place here on site. The second largest industry is livestock . The breeding of fat-tailed sheep and cows dominates here. Melons, watermelons, pumpkins, tomatoes , corn and fruits such as grapes are also grown. Industry is rare to find. The city of Guliston has a metal and precious metal processing factory and is dependent on this government facility. The city of Shirin was created with the construction of the Syrdarja gas power plant , the most powerful power plant with 3,000 MW (commissioning step by step 1972–1981) in Uzbekistan.

The Sardoba dam , built in 2010–2017 to irrigate the dry, flat steppe, broke on May 1, 2020 in heavy rain and wind. 56 people came to hospitals, 70,000 people were evacuated in Uzbekistan and around 22,000 people from ten villages in Kazakhstan (adjacent to the north). The crop failure, especially cotton, is valued at 400,000 dollars (around 360,000 euros).

Web links

Commons : Sirdaryo Province  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Uzbekistan: 90,000 people rescued after dam burst, May 3, 2020, accessed May 3, 2020.
  2. Ryskeldi Satke: Uzbekistan is dealing with humanitarian crisis ..., May 2, 2020, accessed May 3, 2020. - Video 1:10.