Robert von Ostertag

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Birth house with plaque in Schwäbisch Gmünd

Robert von Ostertag (born March 24, 1864 in Schwäbisch Gmünd , † October 7, 1940 in Tübingen ) was a German veterinarian and is considered the father of meat inspection .


Von Ostertag studied medicine in Berlin and veterinary medicine in Stuttgart , then he was appointed professor of hygiene at the University of Veterinary Medicine Stuttgart (1891-1892) and at the University of Veterinary Medicine (today Department of Veterinary Medicine at the FU ) in Berlin (1892 -1907).

Two research trips to research sheep and cattle diseases took him to Africa in 1907 and 1913 . In the 1890s, he initiated an extensive meat inspection program in Berlin, as a result of which the number of cattle tuberculosis in humans fell sharply. Von Ostertag wrote the influential textbook for meat inspectors . Together with the pathologist Otto Lubarsch , he founded the journal Results of General Pathology and Pathological Anatomy of Humans and Animals in 1896 . In 1890 he discovered the brown stomach worm ( Ostertagia ostertagi ), which is named after him today .

The program for combating bovine tuberculosis developed by Robert von Ostertag in 1899 and named after him (animals that are openly infected with tuberculosis should be recorded, but only those that excrete bacteria should be killed. The cattle stocks on a farm should be clinically examined annually, but only if tuberculosis is externally recognizable a three-time bacteriological examination of the milk followed) was introduced in Germany and Switzerland . In Scandinavia, on the other hand, a stricter procedure developed by the Dane Bernhard Bang was used, which was only adopted in the German-speaking countries in the 1950s.

In 1937 he was awarded the Leopoldina Cothenius Medal for his services, of which he was accepted as a member in 1929. He received the Eagle Shield of the German Empire on April 20, 1939. He was also awarded numerous honorary doctorates , including five times the honorary title of Dr. med. vet. hc (Vienna 1911, Berlin 1924, Munich 1926, Sofia 1939, Gießen) and once each with Dr. rer. nat. hc (Tübingen, 1934) and Dr. agr. hc (Hohenheim, 1934).

In the Berlin district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf and in Schwäbisch Gmünd streets are named after him. The Federal Veterinary Association awards a Robert Ostertag plaque. The Institute for Veterinary Medicine of the former Federal Health Office , responsible for the hygiene of animal foods, animal diseases and residue research, has also been dedicated to him by name.

His hometown Schwäbisch Gmünd granted him honorary citizenship in 1929, “on his 65th birthday in recognition of his outstanding personality and his significant scientific work in the veterinary field”. A foundation he set up in 1912, the annual income of which was intended to enable the students of the municipal grammar school to take part in the annual day trip, was canceled in 1959 by a resolution of the municipal council and the foundation capital was transferred to the students of the Parlergymnasium and Hans-Baldung-Gymnasium.

Robert von Ostertag was a member of the Corps Suevia Stuttgart in the Rudolstädter Senioren-Convent (merged into today's Corps Suevo-Guestphalia Munich ). The neuropathologist and university professor Berthold Ostertag was his son.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Wolfgang Steguweit: The "Eagle Shield of the German Empire" . In: Berlin monthly magazine ( Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein ) . Issue 6, 2000, ISSN  0944-5560 , p. 182-187 ( ).
  2. Martin Fritz Brumme: Ostertag, Robert von . In: Neue Deutsche Biographie 19 (1999) (see section literature).
  3. cit. after The honorary citizens of the city . In: 800 years of the city of Schwäbisch Gmünd . Schwäbisch Gmünd 1962
  4. Stadtarchiv Schwäbisch Gmünd, local council minutes from March 12, 1929.
  5. ^ Stadtarchiv Schwäbisch Gmünd, municipal council protocol 1959, § 65 of July 2, 1959.
  6. ^ CORPS - das Magazin (Deutsche Corpszeitung), 110 year, issue 1/2008, p. 25
  7. Who is who? Volume 14. Schmidt-Römhild, 1962, p. 1127