São José dos Campos
|São José dos Campos|
Coordinates: 23 ° 12 ′ S , 45 ° 53 ′ W
Sao José dos Campos on the map of Brazil
|Residents||713,943 ( ber . 2018)|
|surface||1,100 km 2|
|Population density||649 inhabitants / km 2|
|Time zone||UTC −3|
|City Presidency||Felicio Ramuth|
São José dos Campos is a city in the Brazilian state of São Paulo , approx. 80 km from São Paulo city in the Vale do Paraíba (valley of the Paraíba river) at an altitude of approx. 600 m. In 2018, São José dos Campos had 713,943 inhabitants on 1100 km².
The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of São José dos Campos .
The climate in São José dos Campos can be described as a "tropical highland climate" (mixture of tropical and subtropical climate). During the (main) rainy season from November to March approx. 72% of the annual precipitation (tropical) falls. The temperatures are still at a moderate (subtropical) level. 33 ° C in summer are quite possible, but in winter it can also cool down to well below 20 ° C, and at night low values in the single-digit range (approx. 5 ° C) have been measured. In the long-term mean, however, the temperatures range between 21 ° C and 28 ° C (maximum) and 12 ° C to 19 ° C (minimum).
São José dos Campos is a very important technology center in Brazil. Many international corporations such as Philips , Panasonic , Johnson & Johnson , GM do Brasil , Petrobras , Ericsson and Monsanto have branches here. The headquarters of the aircraft manufacturer Embraer is also located in São José dos Campos , which specializes primarily in the production of small and medium-sized passenger aircraft for (regional) short-haul flights, as well as military aircraft and has meanwhile become one of the world's largest manufacturers. However, the numerous training and research centers located in São José dos Campos, such as B. the Aerospace Technology Center, CTA ( Comando-Geral de Tecnologia Aeroespacial ), which is subordinate to the Brazilian Air Force and houses other institutions, such as the INPE ( Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais ), the IAE ( Instituto de Aeronáutica e Espaço ), and the ITA ( Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica ).
In São José there are the UNIFESP ( Universidade Federal de São Paulo ), the FATEC ( Faculdade de Tecnologia do Estado de São Paulo ) and the UNESP ( Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho"). The corporations located here benefit from the high density of research and training centers from numerous synergy effects, which is certainly one of the main reasons that São José dos Campos is an attractive location for many corporations (a kind of "Silicon Valley of Brazil").
The parks of the city ( Parque Santos Dumont , City Park Roberto Burle Marx , Parque Vincentina Aranha ), but also the Banhado , a large nature reserve, are worth seeing (and of high recreational value ) . There are also some churches, theaters, libraries and museums that are well worth seeing. Many tourists also appreciate the location of São José dos Campos between various other tourist centers. At the seaside, tourist centers such as Ilhabela ("the beautiful island" - actual name: Ilha de São Sebastião ) and Ubatuba should be mentioned. Another popular destination is the nearby "Atlantic Rainforest" ( Mata Atlântica ), one of the most biodiverse ecosystems in the world.
- Cassiano Ricardo (1895–1974), Brazilian writer, poet and journalist
- Moacir Silva (* 1954) Roman Catholic clergyman, Archbishop of Ribeirão Preto
- Henrymárcio Bittencourt (* 1964), football player and coach
- Washington Luiz Mascarenhas da Silva (* 1978), football player
- Fernanda Andrade (* 1984), actress
- Everton Santos (born 1986), football player
- Maurício (* 1988), football player
- Leonardo Cordeiro (* 1989), Brazilian racing driver
- Ricardo Goulart (* 1991), football player
- Casemiro (* 1992), football player
- Bruno Sant'Anna (* 1993), tennis player
- João Victor (* 1994), football player